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Full text of "Eben-ezer, or, A small monument of great mercy [electronic resource] : appearing in miraculous deliverance of William Okeley, William Adams, John Anthony, John Jephs, John ---, carpenter, from the miserable slavery of Algiers, with the wonderful means of their escape in a boat of canvas ..."

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Miraculous  Deliverance 

O  F 
IVilliam  Okclejf,    O  John  Aathottjii 
IFilliam  Adams ^  \yjohn  Jcphs, 
Johft  — •  Carpenter, 
From  the  Miferabic  Slavery  oi  ALG I ERS^ 
with  the  wonderful  Means  of  their  Efcape  in 
A  Bi,it  (./  Cinvas ;  the;  frcat  Diilrcl'  utmolt  Ex- 
tremities uhich  thc'y  endured  at  Sea  for  Six  Djys  arid 
Nights;  their  late  Arrival  at  y1/.i>or^:  With  IcveraJ 
Matters  of  Rcniarqite  during  their  long  Captivity, 
and  tlicfnllowing  Providences  of  God  which  brought 
thcmf^feto  ENG  LAND. 

By  mc  Wdlhtm  Okclcy. 

Blefs  thf  Lord,  0  m;  Soul,  and  fir^et  nnt  all  hii  Benefits, 
yvho  Redetmeth  thy  Life  fiom  DijirHilicn,  whoCroveneth 
thee  with  Loving  Kindneft,  and  tender  Mercies,  Pfal. 
log.  2.  4. 

London,   Printed  for  Nat.  Ponder,    at  tlie  Peacock  i" 
Chancery-Lane,  neii  Fleet -Jlreet,    167$. 


Upon  this  Book,  and  i^^'  ^^ 
its  Author.  %r- 

THis  Author  never  was  In  Print  before, 
And  C'etthispleareornotJ  will  nevermore. 

j  If  all  the  Prefs-OpprefTorsof  the  Age 

p  Would  fo  Refolve,  'twould  Happinefs  prcfage  : 

,j  He  ftiould  as  foon  another  Voyage  take, 

3  As  be  Oblifi'd  another  Book  to  make,  ' 

^  KhCanvaf  Boat  Efcaped  Seas  and  Wind, 

J  He  fears  this  Paper- Veficl  will  not  find 
Such  gentle  Gales,  when  every  Reader  haih 
Pow'r  with  a  puff  to  (ink  the  Writers  Faith. 
For  who  fo  Prints  a  Book,  goes  off  from/liore 
TO  hazard  that  which  was  his  own  before  • 
As  one  poor  Pinnace  Ovcr-match'd,  that  fight* 
with  an  Armado,  fo  doth  he  who  Writes  • 
i,^  „    ■  .(^i/'I^tgoc^'yMerchant.Ships;  fee  forth, 
Laden  with  Richesofthcgrcateawoftht 
W  th CounceIs,Father5,Text-Men,SchooI-Men  Mann'd  i 
With  Sacred  Cannon  Mounted  at  each  Hand ; 
Arehard  befer, and forc'd  to  make  Defence 
Againft  Arra'd  Atheifm,  Pride,  and  Impudence. 
Hew  can  this  little  Cock-Boat  hope  Efcape, 
When  Scripture  Suffers  Piracy  and  Rape  / 
A !?M    .  .<^^*'"'^'n  the  World  Epitomiz'd, 
And  Mankind  in  Oftavo  was  Compriz.'dO 

By  Infidelity  it  felf  lyes  drown'd. 

That  ,W,/e/  with  a  Rod  tlie  Sea  ftiould  Cane, 

And  br  t  the  Coward  nreams  into  a  Plain  / 



Wfththc  fam:  Cane  fTiouId  broach  a  Flinr,  and  bring 
Ont  of  irs  Fierv  Womb  a  flowing  Spring  : 
That  a  <iry  Hick  alViRnM  for  Levi}  flmc 
Should  Bu<!,  and  Blofcm,  and  R-pe  Almonds  bear , 
That  Sampfnn  with  the  jaw-Bon--  of  an  Afs 
C  And  Atheirts  think  Him  One  that  lets  if  pars  _ 
Without  a  fcomnie^  OioiiM  flay  a  Thoufand  Men, 
And  being  weary  with  the  Slaughter; -then 
The  kind  Jaw-Eonc,  that  was  his  Fduichion  tirft. 
Should  tt.rn  a  Fiaggon.and  allay  hfsThirl}. 
Thcfe  Miraclcf,  and  all  the  Sarreo  (tore 
Which  Kaith  Hiould  grj!;'.  anl  Piety  adore. 
Meet  with  Arrefts,  Arraignir  n-  nnd  a  Doom 
More  hardi  than  Tales  of  Heathen  Grccct,  or  Rome. 

Yet  O  tiie  Folly  of  Confounded  Man  / 

Who  cannot  Truth  believe,  but  Fables  cao. 

When  Truth  that  cannot  Lye,  fhall  be  bcly  d, 

Its  k-owV  dcfy'd,  and  Wcaknefs  Dcify'd : 

When  our  Difeafcd  Appetite  fliall  Lull 

For  Egylts  Uek,  or  Giheon-i  mou'Hy  Crult  » 

Ephraim  will  feed  on  AOies,  and  difdam    _ 

The  Mjnna  Comfits,  and  the  Candy  d  Ratn, 

An  Heaven-born  Truth  (like  poor  Mens  Infants;  may 

For  lack  of  God-Fathers,  unchtilVned  Itay, 

And  find  no  I'riea  ;  when  every  Itandcr  by 

Will  be  a  GolTip  to  a  Great  Mans  Lye. 

O  Miracle  of  Love/.God-Man  wasfam 

Each  Miracle  he  wrought,  to  make  it  twain. 

The  Faa,  and  Faith  too,  elfe  the  Fatt  m  vaio.( 

There  isa  Generation  alive, 

That  Live  on  Lying  Miracles,  and  thrive. 

There  is  a  Guild  of  Priclfs  will  undertake 

To  make  that  God  who  doth  all  Wonders  make : 

Can  make  Him,  Bake  Him,  Break  him.  Eat  Hm  too. 

And  with  a  Thought  can  All  again  undo. 

Had  but  feme  Monk  this  Hinoty  to  Drefs, 

He  would  have  made  the  Iron-Teeth  of  th  P.efs 

Tt'  rn 

';    Turn  Edge,  and  Grin,  to  chew  the  fluff  and  flilc; 
'    Coinpar'd  with  which  all's  Cap  in  M.mdevile. 
I    Had  thcfe  Five  Comrades  bt;n  pood  Sons  of  Rome, 

Norhinn  Hu:  Miracles  had  bio.iglr  them  home. 
;  Okel;  bad  been  infpircd  •,  Jcpht  had  ficn 
!  An  Apron  dropt  down  from  Heavens  Virqin-Qncetl 
;   To  make  a  Sail;   Curprnffr  ftiould  have  pray'd 
I    Saint  Jfcleph  to  --(ria  him  a:  his  Trade; 
w    Andrhcn  V   M -tn  Hl.i  in -lieCdlar find 
'   TheKed.rH.S  ?.  pfn.,  a'iMo.'     J  to  hisMind. 

An  Holy  Sca-CaU  in  S:    .''.-,•(■. .f    oit, 
;   Hadthenn)';f..V:\l,au  • -lanc'd    .tore  the  Boat: 

Saint  C/i  .Vf/)?rwi-h  a  r.ieet  Babe on's  back. 

Had  flalKt  '.'one  tolavefrorr,  Rockand  Wrack: 
(  Saint  Nicholas  f  orin  lu'  *>hape.  Old  Nidi) 

Had  with  a  ftraw  flecr'd  the  Boat  Catholick. 
I  The  Tortoife  rakcn  n.ipping  in  the  Flood, 
,(  Had  firft  faid  Grace,  and  rhcii  become  the!;  Food; 
,  Yea,  and  his  Sacred  Shell  had  been  preftrr'd 

To  make  fine  Combs  for  WdgifnrtU  Beard. 
;  And  'vho  can  tell  ("for  now  'tis  Thirty  Years 
;  Sincethis  rtrange  Expedition  from  Algiers,') 
:  What  Ufc  the  Friarsof  M.ijork^  have  made 
.  Of  the  poor  Skiff  to  raife  their  Legend-Trade? 

:  But,  be  it  as  it  will;  Euy,ornotBuy; 

i  This  Book  is  Proteflanc,  and  hates  a  Lye. 
,_  The  Reader  fhall  find  in  this  Breviary 
,    AH  Pater-Noflers,  not  one  Ave  Mary. 
.    5f  Gentleman  and  Chriftian  may  avail, 
[!  if  Honour  and  Religion  can  bebail 
^  For  this  poor  Pilgrims  Truth  and  FaithfuInel^ 
ji  it  tray  w,th  Leave  and  fafety  pafs  the  Prcfs. 
I  ict  him  who  fcorns  to  Read,  or  Reads  to  fcorn, 
11  And  thinksthisStorym^ght  have  beenforborn; 
U  Firft,  buy  the  Cook,  then  five  Security 
y  ?^?.,'?°.''"'''>'  TneBook-Sellerandr 
I  VViil  give  Bond,  when  he  Returns  to  Land. 
n  Jo  pay  a  Thoufand  pounds  into  his  Hand. 
fi      '  Me«n- 



Mean.T.h;if,  this  Narrative  r.11  ptaitiafldTfuc} 
Is  worth  a  Six-pence  to  i  Turk  OTjen', 
Buaoa  ChriaL  (  were  the  Story  gone  ) 
The  Preface  is  a  Penny-worth  ^'o"*:  =  . 
The  whole  hath  no  Errata's  or  Mi»»kcJ, 
SaTc  what  the  Printer  and  the  Poet  makes. 

To  the  following 



Courteoui  Reader., 

ID  O  readily  agree  with  thee,  that  there  is 
no  fort  of  Writings  more  lyable  to  abufe 
than  this  of  the  Narrative  :  Lying  much  at 
the  Mercy  of  the  Com^ofer  to  be  Corrupted ; 
and  as  much  in  danger  to  be  mifimprovcd  by  the 
Reader  :  The  Reader  therefore  I  am  fure  will  de- 
mand ([(^oaf  SecHrity  that  he  is  not  impofed  upon  in 
theenf/iinj^  Relation-,  and  the  Writer  craves  leave 
too,  to  malnum  a  modejtjeahufte^  leit  the  Rea- 
der fhould  mifs  the  benefit  that  is  defigned  to  him 
in  it :  The  ylnthor  will  engage,  and  pawn  his 
Credit  wrro  xvrcn^  the  Narrative,  and  he  would 
take  fome  care  alfo  that  the  Reader  may  not  ivron^ 

It  is  very  true,  that  every  Narrator  is  under  a 

ilrong  Temptatiofi  to  Seafon  his  Difcourfc  to  the 

■  -         A  GHJla 


The  Preface. 
CjiBo  of  the  Time,  not  impofing  a  fcvcrc  Law 
upon  himfcif,  to  Report  what  is  true,  but  accom- 
inodating  his  Story  to  the  Liquorilh  appetite  of 
others :  I  have  obferved  that/ywf  AIe»  are  afha- 
mcd  to  Recount  nuan  and  humble  Alatters ;  if 
they  bring  us  any  thing  below  Prodigy  and  Mi- 
racle, if  they  fluff  not  their  Farces  with  G organs, 
Harfics ,  Centaures ,  and  Enchanted  JJlands  , 
they  neither  pleafethemfclves,  nor  hope  to  take 
their  Readers  by  the  Heart-firings.  Hence  is  it, 
that  we  have  fo  many  lean,  barren  Stories,  lard- 
ed with  the  Additamcnts  of  Fruitful  Invention,  as 
if  they  had  been  Penn'd  by  the  Pattern  of  Xeao- 
phon's  C)rw.  Non  ad  Htftorij:  fidem  ,  fed  ad 
y:flt  Imperii  Exemplar  :  Not  for  Counter-panes 
of  Truth,  but  Counterfeits  of  Fancy  :  Thcy  tell 
US  not  what  was  really  done,  but  what  they  would 
have  had  done,  if  they  might  have  had  the  Con- 
trivance of  the  Scene,  and  Tragedy:  They  firft 
form  Idcea's  of  Ingeniom  Romances  in  their  own 
Heads,  and  then  obtrude  them  upon  the  World 
for  Htflorical  Verities. 

JuH:  as  our  Hydrographers  in  the  Delineating 
of  Countries,  with  one  Wanton  Extravagant  Fro- 
lick  of  their  Graver  can  raife  Mountains,  where 
Nature  left  us  Galleys;  and  fink  deep  galley s,vj\\erc 
God  has  llretch'd  out  a  Champagn  ;  can  create 
Bays,  and  Creeks,  where  the  Creator  made  firm 
Land;  and  jut  out  ProMontories,andCapes,\vhcTe 
there's  nothing  in  Nature  to  anfwcr  them ;  and  to 
fill  up  Vacuities  (out  of  pure  good  Husbandry. 


The  Preface. 
that  not  an  inch  of  Ground  may  be  loli  )  prcfcnt 
us  with  fljmg  Fijhes,  Tritons,  and  Mermaids, 
which  fpcnd  their  hours  inter  PeClnicm  c-  Spc- 
ciihor. ;  and  Icll  Mare  del  zur  (liould  fiill  be  a 
Dcfoi.ite  Wiidernefs,  have  courtcoufly  (lock'd 
it  with  the  Painters  Wife's  J  flan  d,  and  Terra  In- 
cofnita;  at  this  rate  are  wedeait  with,  by  this 
kind  of  Men,  who  love  to  blowup  Lank^Stones 
into  huge  Bladders,  and  then  put  fomething  in 
thcin  to  make  them  Rattle  to  plcafe  Children,  and 
yet  thcy  are  but  hUdders  fldl,  though  fwelled 
with  thcTyn.pany,  andU'ind-Cholick^ 

There  are  aifo  a  fort  of  Stories,  which,^^  the  way 
cfCoiirtefle,we  mif-call  Hifto>tes,ihit  fcorn  to  give 
us  an  Account  of  any  thing  but  Dreadful,  and  tcr- 
tible  Buttles,  and  how  one  great  Man  above  all 
therelt,  chopt  olF  y^r^^;  and,  and  cut  off 
fome  fheer  by  the  veajh,  and  with  his  Trenchant 
blade  mowed  down  whole  Files  of  Armed  Ene- 
mies; the  Fields  all  this  while  running  with 
ftrcams  of  Blood,  and  purple  Gore;  and  all  this, 
with  as  much  confidence,  and  exadncfs  in  every 
Minute  Ctrcumftance ,  as  if,  like  the  Familiar 
D<trr7on  of  Paracclfm,  thcy  had  been  inclofed  in 
the  pommel  of  the  Generals  Sword ;  or  had  ho- 
ver d,  hkp  TiHory  With  her  doubtful  Wings,  o\er 
both  the  Armies,  where  they  might  fecurdy  take 
notes  of  all  that  was  faid  or  done,  in  Shclton's 
Brachygraphy  :  but  from  what  Principles  or  In- 
terefis  thefe  Warriours  were  ^chd;  by  what 
Rules  thcy  proceeded,  with  what  Cciaccls  and 
A  2  fntriqites. 


The  Preface. 
Jntrk""^  dcfigns  were  managed-^  and  to  what 
««•«/ all  thcfc  Policies  fleered'  xs  as  m^c\^bclcw 
their  Spirits  as  ^bove  their  Abilities,  to  .nform 

"''to  fccurc  the  Reader  againft  the  fear  of  fuch 
Entertainment  in  this  Narrative,  let  him  know, 
that  he  fhall  meet  with  nothing  m  FaB  but  what 
IS  precifcly  true;  what  of  wonderment  he  may 
encounter,  was  of  Gods  own  tvork.nig,  not  ot 
Mans  invent inr,  let  others  make  Tragedies  to 
cratifie  the  ^ookfeller,  and  cheat  the  fmple  buyer ; 
wc  need  not  Peter  Lilltcraps  Efex-Serpem.  nor 
Livcwell Chapman's  Greater  Monftersto^QQxm- 
dize  our  Title  Page ;  Go^s  Works  need  .vc>  foyi 
tofct  them  off,  the  gicatcd  beauty  of  Truth,  is 
its  mkednefs,  and  Symmetry. 

There  is  a  vaft  difference  between  the  moft  ela- 
borate prodiitls  oiArt,  and  the  moft  homely  pieces 
cf  Nature  ;  for  though  the  former  w-jll  needs 
Ape  l\^c  latter,  yet  how  pitifully  docs /*;f/'««x'^ 
in  the  imitation/  Look  upon  the  fubtle  point  of 
the  Enefl  Needle  through  a  Mkrofcope,  and  you 
will  foon  be  fatisfied  that  Art  is  but  a  Dunce,  tor 
the  Needle  will  appear  as  bknt,  aud  dull  as  a 
Drum-flick.;  but  come  and  view  one  of  Gods 
Handy-works  in  the  fame  Glafs,  T.G.  The  flt>iz 
cf  a  V>ce,  and  you  (hall  fee  it  perpetually  Acumi- 
nated till  it  ends  infomething,  which  the  Eye  mult 
either  confefs  to  be  a  Point,  or  Nothing  :  The 
fame  Difference  we  may  obferve  between  thofe 
Rmances,  which  *rc  the  Iffues  oi  flne  wlh  and 


The  Preface, 
the  feriom  grave  Contrivances  of  Divine  Provi- 
dence ;  what  clummz.'d  things  arc  the  Cajfandra's 
to  one  of  thofe  pieces  of  proportion,  to  be  fecn  in 
Cods  Government  of  this  lower  World  !  So  that  it 
were  unpardonable  to  ftrivc  to  Recommend  the 
wonderful  Providences  of  God  to  the  Genius  of 
this  Age,  by  a  Lye,  or  to  talk,  deceitfully  fir  htm ; 
whatever  therefore  this  Narrative  is,  yet  its  a 
nailed  Account  of  his  own  workings,  and  Gold 
needs  no  gilding. 

But  now  the  Readers  great  danger  lies  in  run- 
ning over  fome  of  Gods  workj,  and  yet  not  feeing 
God  in  his  workj :  Little  Children,  we  fee,  do 
hugely  plcafc  chemfclves  vj\i\\  the  gilded  Covers, 
and  Marbled  Leaves  of  Books,  but  concern  not 
thcmfelves,  what  is  within;  and  if  they  chance 
to  look  a  little  overly  u^on  the  forms  and  Jlutpes 
of  the  Letters,  yet  underftand  not  the  fubliMC 
matter,  that  may  be  coucht  in  them :  Now,  to 
divide  the  words  from  the  meaning,  is  morally  to 
Annihilate  them,  and  Co  whilll  they  fee  Letters, 
and  words  ouely,  they  fee  juH:  Nothing :  There 
are  a  great  many  fuch  ■mij^oyie^vni ,  fuch  Old 
Children  in  the  World,  that  gaze  upon  the  fur- 
face  of  Gods  Workj,  but  never  are  led  by  them  to 
admire  the  Wifdom,  Power,  Goodnefs,  and  Ho- 
lme fs  of  God :  They  deal  with  the  works  of  Pro- 
vidence, juft  as  they  do  .with  the  worksrof  Crea- 
tion :  God  has  engraven  his  own  Name  in  Legi- 
ble Charaders  upon  the  Heavenly  Bodies.  The 
Stars  in  their  fingle  beauties  ,  their  Combined 
A   3  Aflcrifmsj 

The  Preface, 
^[lerifms^  their  Mutual  ^fpefls,  their  Intricate, 
yet  Reoiiiir  Motions^  fpcak  their  Author  ^  nay, 
upon  the  loweJl-  Recreations,  the  Leifure-fports 
of  Nature,  there  is  written,  -Df/«/fc;>.  But 
now  the  common  obfcrvcr,  whofe  thouj^hts  arc 
terminated  by  hu  Eye,  and  /;//  Eye  with  the  vi- 
fble  Heavens,  as  'tis  bcfpangicd  with  glittering 
things,  called  Planets ,  and  htars,  lofcth  quite 
i\\cumaindcfign,  which  is  to  condud  and  argue 
our  thoughts  up  to  a  firft  Caufe ;  for  they  were 
not  fo  much  out  who  crycd  up  the  Mufck^  of  the 
Sphares  to  be  fo  Ravijliimr :  and  we  fliould  con- 
fefs  it,  could  we  but  hear  them  fing  this  Antheme, 
Glory  he  to  God  on  High.  Can  wc  be  fo  Brutifh, 
as  once  to  imagine,  thjtthc  wife  God,  wbocre- 
ates  nothing  little ,  nor  for  a  little  end,  fhould 
create  fuc'i  great,  and  gloria m  Bodies  only  to  be 
the  Objcds  of  Ignorant,  and  b'ind  Amazement  ? 
Surely  no ;  but  that  by  the  contemplation  of  them, 
we  might  be  led  into  the  Admiration  of  Him, 
whofe  Being,  VVifdom,  Power  mufl  needs  be 
ttifnitely  Gloriow,  when  his  very  works  are  ex- 
cellently fo:  Here  then  will  be  the  Readers  dan- 
ger, leit  all  his  Spirits  (hould  evaporate  in  a  con- 
fufed  Admiration,  that  ^  Bwr,  a  little,  a  Canvas 
B2<»f  fliould,  like  the  Ark,  convey  fo  many  Per- 
fons  fo  many  Leagues  fafe  to  flioar,  whilit  he  mif- 
ks  the  true  intent,  and  meaning  of  it,  to  behold 
a  watchful  Providence  (as  well  as  the  Being  of  a 
■Deity,)  over  all  Affairs.  Now,  that  he  may 
not  fplit  upon  this  dangerous  RQck.i  but  improve 


The  Preface. 
the  Narrative  to  his  beft  Advantage,  I  fhall  fub' 
miffively  lay  before  him  a  few  Dire(ftions. 

I,  Se[l.  Learn  from  this  Narrative  to  trtijl, 
and  in  all  thy  ways  to  acknowledge  God,  who  by 
the  moil  contemptib/e  means,  can  effedt  the  moji 
conjiderable  things.  Created  Beings,as  they  can- 
not hCi  beyond  the  Sphare  of  their  j^llivity,  fo 
neither  can  they  Operate  further  than  the  fuita- 
hlenefs  of  their  Jnflriimcnts  will  enable  them; 
it  were  ridiculous  to  attempt  to  cut  down  a  For- 
reft  with  aPen-k>tifc,  or  Lave  the  Ocean  with  a 
fpoon ;  but  if  the  great  God  can  make  the  didlcfl 
tool  to  cm,  can  ferve  himfclf  of  the  moft  unfit  In- 
firimcnts,  and  accomplifli  the  rr.ofl  noble  wcrkj 
with  the  moit  Wooden  Engines,  he  will  furcde- 
ferve  ourgreateft  truji  and  confidence.  As  great 
Princes  are  attended  with  a  numerous  train  of  Ser- 
vants ,  more  for  State,  than  ab folate  neceffity  ; 
fo  God  ufes  fecond  caufes,  not  becaufe  he  cannot 
workjvithont  them,  but  to  teach  us  to  admire  his 
ftrength,  in  their  weak>iefs,  his  All-fHJfioency  in 
their  infiijjicicncy. 

The  Grand  Seignior  had  heard  of  the  famous 
Atchic vcmcnt  of  Cafi riots  Scimitar,  and  was  very 
defirous  to  make  an  Experiment,  whether  its 
excellency  anfwercd  the  Report ;  he  fends  for  it, 
proves  it,  it  does  no  Execution  ;  he  fends  it  back 
with  fcorn,  and  indignation,  that  lying  Fame 
fhould  magnifie  a  forry  Ammunition  Sword  fo  far 
above  its  merits  ,  but  Scanderbeg ,  before  the 
A  4  McfTen- 

\  i 

The  Preface. 
Mcflcngcrs  Face,  hews  in  pieces  Helmets,  Cor- 
flcts;  Go  now  (fays  he)  and  tell  your  Maftcr, 
though  I /cut  Ijim  my  Srvordy  I  Hid  not  f aid  him  my 
^rm;  none  Can  work  with  Gods  means,  that  has 
not  Gods  ^rm:    Hafi  thou  an  Arm  likj  God? 
Job  40, 9,    Here  then  the  Reader  m.iy  fee,  (and 
if  he  fees  not,  he  forfeits  his  Eyes )  the  fame  God 
vho  in  an  Ark^of  bulnijlies  prcferved  Mvfes.m'i 
in  another  Ark  faved  Noah,  in  a  fmall  Canvas 
Ski'ller  (  which  was  our  Ark,  though  in  a  leflTcr 
"S'olumn)  waft  us  over  the  Ocean,  and  bring  us 
all  fafc  to  Land  ;   As  God  is  fecn  in  the  fmallcfi 
Workj  of  Creation,  (o  in  the  fmalUfi  Inflriimenis 
of  his  Providence,     The  little  Fly,  or  Ant,  ex- 
prcflcs  Creative  power,  and  Omnipotency  in  Mi- 
niature, as  well  as  the  great,  Cafllebearina  Ele- 
jihant :  I  have  read  fomewhcre  of  a  Goldrmith 
that  made  a  Lcck^and  Key,  and  Chain  fo  finall, 
and  fubtlc,  that  a  Fly  would  draw  them  all  about 
a  Table,  and  never  be  flailed  ;   furcly  theSpe- 
ditox  would  not  prajdicate  the  iJren^th  of  the 
foor  Fly,  but  the  skill  of  the  Artifi. 

Eft  in  teniiibits,  &  Pufdlis  Reculis  ■ 

Latu  Optimiq;  Maxtmiq;  Alaxima.    Caz.. 

Piit  hilar. 
The  Glory  of  the  Great  wife  King, 
Shines  greatly  in  the  fmalleft  thing. 

Indeed  our  whole  paflage  was  wonder  ;  fuppofe 
we  had  met  with  one  Night  of  Haz.y  Weather , 



The  Preface. 
we  might  have  plycd  back  into  the  jaws  of  that 
Deilruftion  which  we  had  fofar  cfcapcd.  Had 
we  met  witho;;^  Sterm  (and  an  ordinary  f//^  of 
wind  had  been  a  Storm  to  tu  )  it  had  prefently 
cvcr-fct  usj  but  the  fame  God  that  commands 
a  caIn)  for  the  Ha'cyon,  commanded  Halcyon 
days  and  nights  for  us,  till  under  the  wings  or  his 
gracious  ca're  he  had  liMicht  his  own  pnrpofes  of 
Mercy,  into  per  fell  Deliverance.  It  was  a  won- 
der too,  that  in  our  fix  days  Voyage,  in  the  Me- 
diterranean, the  very  High  Road  of  Navi- 
gation, both  for  honefl  Men  and  Knaves,  Mer- 
chants and  Pirates,  we  fhould  not  meet  with  cw^ 
V(Jfel,Friend  or  Foe :  Had  we  met  with  a  Friend- 
ly VciTcl,  they  had  pityed  us,  taken  us  up,  and 
then  the  Power  of  God  had  not  been  fo  fignalizcd 
in  our  Prcfervation  •,  had  we  fallen  in  with  an  Ene- 
my, we  had  immediately  become  a  prey  to  their 
Teeth,  they  had  fwalloxved  us  up  ejiiick.,  we  had 
made  but  one  poor  Aforfel  to  their  greedy  fto- 
machs,  and  thereby  defeated  a  work  of  God  glo- 
rioudy  begun,  and  rob'd  him  of  the  Revenue  of 
his  praifc. 

If  then  they  that  go  down  to  the  Sea  in  Ships,  fee 
the  rvorkj  of  the  Lord,and  his  wonders  in  the  deep, 
Pfal.  107.  23,24.  What  Wonders ,  what  AH- 
racles  of  Providence  have  wefeen,  and  may  others 
fee  in  us ,  who  went  down  to  the  feit,  not  in  ajliipy 
but  in  a  Canoe,  which  for  want  of  a  better  Nan-.e 
we  call  a  haatl  Let  the  Reader  therefore  ad- 
TfJireCodmihwe;  and  both  of  wwilfa  the  Pfal- 



The  Preface. 
ITltft.  Pf^l-  S6.  8.    yimon^ft  the  gods  there  is  none 
Itl^Httto  thee,  0  Lordy  neither  are  there  any  works 
Uke  thy  works. 

Hedcals  iinrightcoiifly  with  God  who  mcafures 
him  by  the  frKalifiefs  of  the  means  that  he  ufcs,  and 
not  by  the  ncatnefs  of  thofc  eJfcCls  he  produces 
by  thofe  means.     And  therefore, 

Difcc  a.  Cymbida,  ej  lipjitis  es ;  cr  Deo 
J)apro  ten.iibiu,  O"  p'ljillis  Reculis, 
Laudcm  Optimofj;  Maximocj-,  A'faximam. 

Gaz..   Pta  hilar. 
Let  this  our  little  SkifT  thy  Spirits  raife, 
To  give  to  this  great  God ,   thy  greated 


2.  Sef}.  Let  the  Reader  improve  this  Relation 
to  Fortife  his  Faith  agamfi  the  little  Cavils  of 
Atheiflical  Spirits,  who  lay  out  their  illpliccdwit 
in  forgeing  Objedlions  againli:  Hi'n  gave  it. 
There  is  a  Creature  famous  in  Prov.  6.  ^»  Utie 
Mttterno  impletus  calcibiu  petit  Laltantem,  that 
bcin^  filled  with  the  liberal  Dug,  iingrarefiilly 
kicks  bit  Dam.  Thus  this  fort  of  Men  arc  ambi- 
tious to  be  accounted  witty,  in  creating  ki'ots  and 
difficulties  in  the  Hillorical  pafTages  of  Gods  c;reat 
Providences  Recorded  in  Scripture,  and  particu- 
larly in  his  Prefervation  of  Noah^  and  his  Family 
in  the  j^'kj.  But  he  that  had  fccn  with  w  the  watch- 
ful eye  of  Cod  fuper-intended,  and  the  fieddy  hand 
cf  God  to  hold  a  poor  Canvas  Boat,  built  without 


The  Preface. 
Regular  proportion,  ill  Viduallcd,  without  An- 
chor, Helm,  Compafs,  or  Tackle,  and  there- 
by prefcrve  the  Lives  of  five  mconfidir.ibU  Per- 
fons,  of  no  great  ufc  in  the  World,  and  after 
fix  days  great  extremity  and  diflrcfs,  Land  them 
ail  fafe,  may  cafily  Credit  the  Report,  how  the 
fjmc  God  iliould  prefcrve  ev^ht  Per  fans,  upon 
whofe  Lives  the  re  peopling  of  the  whole  World 
did  depend,  maVeffelof  moji  exalt  proportions, 
ftron;^  built,  and  well  laid  in  with  ail  n.anntr  of 
Provifions.  He  that  can  fee  a  Creator  in  the 
works  of  Creation,  and  a  Governi.r\n  the  workj 
of  Providence,  miy  rcufonably  believe  all  Divtne 

1, .  SeEl.  Let  all  that  would  not  abufc  this  Nar- 
rative bcwarc,lcit  wbtift  they  are  adn.ning  Provi- 
dence in  this  tnflance  of  our  prefervation,  they  do 
not  ever -look,  thofe  eminent  appearances  of  God  to- 
wards themfelves  every  moment ,  which,  though 
perhaps  they  carry  not  fu  much  of  R.inty  in  them, 
yet  may  have  in  them  as  much  of  real  power,  wif- 
dom,  a'idgoodncfs.  We  arc  apt  to  deal  with  our 
Alercics,  jull  as  wcdowith  our  fins,  where  the 
Commonnefs  and  frequency  of  either,  abates  and 
takes  off  from  the  Obftrvationand  Notice  which 
wc  owe  them ;  we  gaze,  and  wonder  at  Comet Sy 
and  their  flaming  beards,  but  feldom  admire  the 
Sun,  a  far  more  glorious  Body,  bccaufc  he  rifcs 
and  fets  every  Morning  and  Evening  upon  the  yfi 
and  the  hnjuji :  Doit  thou  admire  God  m  our  pre- 
fervai  ortt 


The  Preface. 
fnvAtion,  learn  to  admire  him  »« '/^'civ;;:   Art 
thou  furprized  with  wonder,  that  we  were  kept  a 
few  days,   when  there  was  not  half  an  tmh  be-    ^ 
twcen  us  and  Death  ?  ConfiJer,  God  has  kept 
thee  many  (iay J,  and  many  years,  and  every  mt-    ■ 
nmc  ofthofc  many  days  and  years,  when  there  was 
hut    a  hairs  breadth  hciwccn thee  and  Death: 
Doll  thou  then  admire  God  prcferved  us  alive  in   i 
a  Fejfel  if  Cloath  ?  Admire  that  God  that  held- 
eththy  Soul  in  Life,  and  that  in  a  more  frail  Vtf- 
fel,  a  Feffcl  cf  Clay ;  Doll  thou  liill  wonder  wc 
we're  not  blown  over  with  every  b,  eath  of  wind  ? 
/.amirc  alfo  that  the  Lamp  of  thy  Life  which  thou 
carrie(h«  a  paper  Lanthorn,  is  not  blown  out  h^ 
every  blaft  of  Sickncfs :  But  if  thou  wilt  ftill  won- 
der how  ftich  a  Boat  fhould  carry  us  f  Then  won- 
der alfo  how  thy  Food  nonnjhes  thee ,  how  thy 
Cloaths  keep  thee  warm,  how  thy  feep  refre(hes 
thee :  There's  not  a  moment  in  our  Lives  but  is  nl- 
,  led  with  re  J  Mtrach  and  Wonder.     J  will  pratfe 
thee   (fays the  Pfahnill,  Pfal.   139.  H-)  fo^  f 
nm  fearfully  and  wonderfully  made  :   Let  US  all 
praifcGod,  (ot  we  are  fearfully,  and  wonder f  idly 
preferved.     If  Frefervation  be   but  a  Continued 
Creation,  how  (hould  WC  adorc  that  FoW'er  that 
Created  us  once,  but preferves  US  a'ways  !   God 
expcds  that  wc  fliould  equally  magnifie  his  skill 
In  making  us  out  of  Nothi,.g,  and  fecuringus  that 
wcdrop  not  mto  Nothing  :  and  as  much  admire 
hisgoodncfs,  thsit  VJC  crumble  t]ot ,   moulder  not 
into  our  duj},  asfhat  we  were  aifirft  formed  out 
cfduft.  4-  Seil, 

The  Preface. 
.  4.  Sea.  Let  the  Reader  Learn  from  our  SU- 
\  very,  to  prize,  tindmovovc his  own  Liberty.  If 
i  wc  fcrve  not  our  Cod  fmccrcly,  and  chearfully  tn 
;  plenty,  he  can  fend  us  where  we  (hall  fcrve  our 
\     Enemies  in  want.     If  wc  glorific  him  not  With  .;.■''• 

I  Liberty,  but  turn  it  into  Itcentioufnefs,  he  can  r/.p 

II  Hs  up clofe,  where  wc  fhall  learn  loprr^e  it  hiy '  ■■  ■■. 
:  and  wi(h  we  had  improved  it  better.  It  arg^ic. 
i  great  dif  ingenuity  and  bafenefs  in  our  Spirits  that 
\  we  provoke  our  God  to  teach  us  the  worth  of 
!     Mercies  by  the  want  of  them  :  The  Lord  does  not 

I     willingly  aptl,  nor  grieve  th:  Children  of  men, 
•    I  ,am.  J .  3  3 .  but  wc  provoke  him  to  take  his  Rod 
i    into  his  hand,   and  lay  itfmanly  upon  our  backs, 
i     becaufc  that  Folly  which  is  bound  up  in  our  hearts 
\    willnotothcrwifc  bylalhtoutofus.     Thus  God 
\    thrcatnedhisPcopleofold,  Z>f«r.  :i8.48.     B-r- 
I     caufe  thou  fervedft  not  the  Lord  thy  Cod  with  joy- 
1    fKlnefs  and  gladncfs  of  heart,  for  the  abundance 
!|     of  all  things,  therefore  flialt  thou  ftrve  thine  Ene- 
tr.ies,  in  hunger,  thirjl,  and  n.;kcdiiefs,  and  tn  the 
want  of  all  t'hnigs.     Thus  he  taught  Jiidah  by  the 
Captivity  ofBahylon,to  prize  the  freedom  of  Cana- 
an ;  we  might  learn  our  Duty  much  cheaper  from 
Gods  Word,  but  wc  like  Truants,  Will  not  learn 
itri5)«r<r,till.Godfendsus  to  Schotlmlhz  Rodat 
ourbackj.    ■ 

5  .Sen-.  Let  all  Learn  from  hence,  in  what  flate 
foever  the  Providence  of  Cod  jhull  place  them  there- 
with to  be  content :  Perhaps  thou  art  a  Servant  to 

The  Preface. 
a  Chrijlian ;  doft  thou  murmur  ?  It  (hews,  thou 
little  knowcll;  what  it  is  to  be  a  Slave  to  an  tr,  vc- 
riofu  Turk.  Thou  Scrvcli:  him  that  frr,ys 
thee,  and  fur  fhee-,  doll  thou  repine /"  Cjod  might 
have  made  thee  Serve  one  who  would  curfe  t^iiid 
torture  thee,  and  make  httle  Provifion  for  thy  Bo- 
dy, and  none  at  all  for  thy  Soul :  The  ChriUian 
Religion  is  furcly  the  n.ojl  excellent  Religion  in 
the  World,  bccaufc  it  iwlds  theUallance  jo  even 
between  Supenotirs,  diid  Inferiours  :  It  cnjoyns 
the  one  to  give  the  iiioft  full  Obedience,  and  yet 
prohibits  the  other  to  cxerctfe  Rt^^our.  It  is  pe- 
remptory for  Duty-,  and  yet  abhors  T}ranf/y: 
whoever  has  known  Turl^jh  Slavery,  is  obliged 
to  become  a  r.iore  Loytil Suhjrll,  a  more  Dutiful 
Child,  a  more  faithful  Servant;  and  whoever 
has  not  k>7own  /f,is  yet  obliged  to  become  all  thcfe, 
lefl:  God  make  himkncivh,  and  whip  out  of  him 
that  Rcfltjf  fpirit  of  grumbling ,  and  Difobedi- 
cncewith  the  briars,  andThurns  of  the  Wilder- 

God  comrr.anded  all  Maftcrs  amongT;  the  Jews 
to  allow  their  Servants  a  day  of  Refl,  Oeut.  5.14. 
and  he  gives  this  Reafon  for  it,  RciKerrber  that 
thou  xvttji  a  Servant  in  the  Land  of  E^ypt.  The 
Equity  of  which  Reafon  holds  ftrongcr  for  the 
Chrillian  :  Remember  thou  waft  a  Servant  to  the 
wor/l  cf  A^f afters,  a  Drudge  <«  the  bafeftofwrkf, 
and  lyable  to  receive  the  worfl  if  wa^es  :  Has 
Chriit  fct  thee  free  ?  And  art  tihou  become  a  Ser- 
vant to  the  bcjl  cf  Afaflcrs?   Employed  in  the 


I  The  Preface. 

I  mofl  reafonable,  and  honourable  Servicer  ?  And  / 

p,  in  expc<flation  of  the  r^oft  dorioiu  Rewardi  .<'  Let 

1  it  teach  thee  if  thou  becll  "a  Af after,  to  com;nar,d 

;  1  gently;  and  if  a  Servant,  to  Obey  chearfuliy. 

i         6.  SeQ.  Let  all  Learn  to  watz^worthy  vf  the 
A      Ciofpcl.     \X.\s\\\il\^\\\<:\\  (weetens  allourrr.ercies, 
: !     and  mitigates  the  bttternefs  of  all  j6ftiill:ons ;  and 
;  I     if  we  fin  away  that,  we  cither  fin  away  all  tie 
i'j     reft,  or  whatever  is  itfefal,  and  dtfrable  in  all  the 
']     reft.     \i  ■wc  cn)oy  the  Li <^ht ,  and  yet  walk  <>« 
1     darkncfs,  it's  righteous  with  God,  to  over-fprcad 
t\     our  Habitations  with  Egyptian,    or  li.ibylonipj 
I     Turkifl),   or  Poptfti  darksiefs.     God  can  carry  us 
|,|     to  Rome,  or  Meters;  or  clfe  fend    Rome,  and 
;]     A'giers  home  to  us  .■  For  what  fliould  a  People  do 
'■    with//';/;;,  that  onely  intend  to  play,  or  fight  hy 
it .'  The  once  Famous  Churches  of  Jfia,  are  now 
fwallowcd  np  by  the  Smrd,   and  the 
Aiahtimedan  unbelicj  •  and  thofc  fometimes  Fa- 
mous Cities,  Carthage, and  Htppo^  which  kncw 
,^1    thofe  burning  and  fhining  Lights,   Cyprian,  and. 
^Hgiiftine,  are  now  poflcit  with  Moors,  and  de- 
filed with  the  Abominations  of  \\\care«teft  Jr.-.^o- 
y?<?rthatcvcrfcduccd  the  Nations,  hatOne.  And 
thinkeft  thou,  0  A/an,  O  Chriflian,  that  do' ft 
thefe  things,  fo  Alenfrom  the  Gofpcl  of  Chri  i , 
that  art  drunk  in  the  day.  and  curfeft  that  God 
Whom  thou  Worfhippcih  that  thou  ftmlt  tfcape 
the  Judgment  cf  God?    I  tell  thcc,  nay;  -and  I 
tell  all  thofc  that  read  thcfc  lines,  and  arc  guilty; 






The  Preface.  j 

ThcLofd  Jcfus  Chrift,  in  his  Ep.ftlc  to  the  . 
Churchof£p'.M  givcshcrthisMcmoruU^... 
2  <.    Rer.cmbcr  therefore  from  whence  thou  an 
fallen,  and  Refe.t,  a.d  do  thy  firfl  ^orh.orelfe 
J  ^m  come  umo  thee  cj^akly,  andremove  thy  Can- 
dUflUKont  cf  tts  fUce,  except  thou  Repent  :  But 
Ehefl  would  none  of  h.  Counfd,   none  oi  h^ 
ciJion;  and  Chrift  was  as  good  as  his  word    he 
put  out  her  Candle,  znAremavedher  C^ndlefttcK, 
1  have  often  wondred,  what  (hould  be  the  grounds 
of  their  confidence,  whofpcak  as  if  the  Cofpel 
were  entailed  iipon  £ngla„d,hy  vertuc  oijowe  An- 
cient  Charter;  as  if  God  would  make  us 
tionsfrom  his  General  Rule,  which  iS  totake  away 
ahifd,  defpifedmeans,  andmercus,^nd^vcn^u.l 
owi  muchof  .cr.^g.n-..  .«  o.r  cafe-^  y^t.lctUS 
Re]oyce  wabtrer^hng,  \c'\  when  Prophanene  s, 
and  Debauchery  dogReligion  fo  clofe  at  the  heels, 
fhe  five  not  thither,  where  (he  may  find  better 
Quarter :    It  has  made  great  ImprcfTion  upon  me 
when  I  read  the  Divine  Herbert ,  in  his  Church 
Militant ; 

'   "  Rcligionftands  on  Tip-toe  in  our  Land, 
"•Ready  to  pafsto the  American  Strand; 
When  height  of  Malice ,  and  Prodigious 

.  Impudent  finning  iWitchcrafts,andDiftruIls, 
;ij>.  The 

The  Preface. 
(  The  Marks  of  future  bane  )  fhall  fill  our 

Unto  the  Brim,    and  make  our  Meafure 

up,  &c. 

7.  ScCi.  Let  it  be  every  Mans  care  to  he 
found  in  Gods  way  :  The  Promtfe  of  Proted^iorJ 
is  annext  to  Gods  way,  Pfal.  91.  1 1.  Be  jhall 
give  his  Angels  charge  over  thee  to  keep  thee  in 
all  thy  ways :  And  tlic  Blcfling  of  God  is  annexe 
to  his  own  way  too,  Pfal.  128.  i.  Blejfed  is 
every  one  that  feareth  God,  and  walketh  in  hts 
ways.  When  we  are  over-taken  with  the  evil 
of  Affltilion,  let  the  firft:  Queftion  we  propound 
to  our  felves  be  this.  Am  I  not  in  the  way  of 
Tranfgreffion?  Did  this  c anger  f\n(i  me  in  my 
Duty  f  Was  I  in  Gods  High-way,  or  in  fomc 
by  path  of  my  own  ?  Was  I  doing  his  wo>\  ? 
Serving  bis  Glory  f  If  we  obfcrve  not  the  way 
of  his  Precepts,  I  know  no  Reafon  we  fhould 
plead  the  promtfe  of  his  Protedion.  There  are 
two  things  upon  which  I  look  upon  it  as  my 
great  Duty  to  Reflc(ft ;  firfl,  whether  we  were 
$n  the  way  of  Gods  Precepts  when  wc  fell  into 
our  Enemies  Hands  /  Secondly,  whether  we 
■were  in  the  way  of  Gods  Promife  when  wc  efca- 
ped  out  of  their  Hands  ?  For  the  former,  I  am 
abundantly  fatisfied,  that  we  were  m  the  way  of 
our  Duty ;  for  we  were  fent  out  by  Commillion 
from  the  Right  Honourable,  Robert,  Earl  of 
Warwick,,  the  Lord  5<»;i,  and  the  Lord  ^rac^, 
B  who 




The  Prepce. 
who  by  Patent  from  His  Majcfly  King  Charlet 
the  Firll,  were  Governors  of  the  Ifle  of  Provi- 
deticcy  whither  we  were  bound :  For  the  latter. 
If  the  more  fevcrc  Reader  (liall  make  it  a  QncAi- 
on,  Whether  wc coiildin  Faith  expeli  Protdiion 
tn  an  j^dvciiturc  vifibly  fo  rap^  and  prtccipitoiu} 
And  Hiall  determine  itagainft  us,  that  we  tempted 
Cod  by  cafting  our  fclvcs  upon  extraordinary 
protcClion,  cxpeding  deliverance  without  war- 
rant, in  a  way  little  on  this  fde  Miracle:  Ifhall 
firJt  fay,  Let  him  fhun  that  Rock,  in  his  own  con- 
vcrfation,  upon  which  he  fuppofes  tu  to  have 
d.ipt :  Let  our  Ship-wrack  be  a  Buoy  to  warn 
him  of  the  like  prcfur/jption^  and  let  him  learn 
more  W'fdor.t,  at  our  Cofl  and  Charges.  I  (hall 
further  fay,  let  him  not  difcover  greater  rafhnefs 
in  Cenfuring  our  Adventurc,than  he  charges  upon 
our  yidventure^  but  modcfily  ccnfider  hirifelf, 
Irfi  he  alfo  be  to-ptcd ;  and  if  wc  were  guilty  of 
folly,  he  may  thus  gain  wifdom  by  our  folly : 
But  I  fh-11  add,  Extremity  of  Ahfery  is  none 
of  thebefiCounfcllers;  let  him  put  himfelf  un- 
der our  Circumlknccs,  and  if  CowaVdife  did 
not  hinder  him  from  making  our  Attempt,  I  am 
confident  Co;-/c»>?;cf  would  not:  Our  Lives  were 
bitter  to  us  by  Reafon  of  cruel  Bondage,  and 
(though  mine  was  at  that  time  much  mitigated) 
yet  there  is  a  fccret  A^agnetifme  in  a  Native 
Soil,  with  which  our  Hearts  being  once  flron^  y 
toucht,  could  never  admit  of  the  leafl  variation, 
but  ffill  pointed  dircdly  Homewards ;  and  fuch 

I  The  Preface. 

\  a  Land  too,  ^swisUkc  GoJJjen.aU  Li^ht,\vhc:i 
n  the  Land  of  our  Captivity  was //^f  £<;3^;^  both 
d  (or  Slavery,  and  Dark;nfs,  that  lAtboth  be 
I !  Jell ;  and  wc  thoui^ht  it  below  Men,  Un  the  love 
-J  r/  Lijc,  to  \ok  (be  Keajiinj  of  our  Ltvo,  ht   > 

f  ^11  may  have 

:  Qfthey  dare  try)x  Glorious  Life,  or  Crave, 

■  Herb.Ch.  Porch. 

'  In  a  word,  though  Succefs  will  not  warrant 
an  evil  Mlton.  ycr  there's  much  of  Jiijlifcatt- 

, ;  on  in  it,  on  the  behalf  of  thofe  which  arc  not  fo  ; 

'  nor  did  wc  tempt  God  to  work  Miracles,  but 
trnfledhim  to  afford  US  fpccial protection:   But 

,,  if  this  will  not  fatisfic,  let  none  imitate  us  where-- 

'.  in  we  failed,  but  rather  admire  Divine  Conde- 

il  fcenfion,  that  engaged  in  our  Deliverance, 

I  withftandtng  our  failing. 

'!  8.  SeU:.  Let  all  that  Read  this  Narrative  be 
■'  Intruded  never  to  promtfe  thc»^felvcs  <?reat  mat- 
^  tersfrom  Men  :  I  have  obfcrvcd  it  in"  the  whale 
\  Coitrfe  of  our  Captivity,  and  conitant  Tenour  of 
j:  thofe  gracious  Providences  which  brought  us 
I  thence,  and  the  Scries  of  Mercy,  Wifdom,  and 
I  Power,  that  was  our  Convoy  Home,  that  we 
I  ever  found  /»<?/?  of  Favour  from  God  when  we 
\  expcaed  leafifrom  Men  :  and  the  ieafi  of  kind- 
;  nefs  from  thofe  where  wc  might,  or  thought  we, 
, j  might  in  Reafon  have  prom'ifed  our  feives  mojL 
i  B  i  When 




The  Preface. 
When  we  met  with  itnexfeaed  Friend^nf, GoA 
would  teach  us  to  own  H,mfelf.  V  Vhen  wc 
mci\v\i\id,f-^ffointmnt,  God  would  teach  us 
the  folly  of  IdoUung  the  Creature :  I  have  fcri- 
oufly  admired  the  Compaflion  and  Relief  wc 
found  at  Mayoyk.,  and  yet  wc  knew  them  to  be 
Romamfls,  and  they  knew  US  to  be  ?rotefia>ns, 
and  how  little  rcfpcd  we  found  from/cwf  ot  our 
own  Countrcy,  at  Meant,  Cadiz.,  and  St.  Lti- 
c.irj,  and  yet  we  were  tycd  together  in  the  (tridt- 
eft  triple  bonds  of  Vn  Dieii,  Vn  Roy,  VnLey, 
0)ic  God,  One  Kin?,  One  Law  :  But  God  \yas 
fceninboth.  I  could  Relate  a  Paflage  during 
our  Captivity  in  Jlt^ten,  that  had  more  of  bit- 
tcrncfs  in  it,  than  in  all  cur  Slavery;  and  yet 
t\\cy  wcic  Chtifttans,  not  Jl^crines;  ?rote- 
flants,  not?aptfis;  Engltjhmen,  not Strany^crj, 
that  were  the  caufe  of  it :  But  I  have  put  a  force 
upon  my  felf,  and  am  refolved  not  to  publifh  it. 
In  our  Return  homewards,  we  met  withfomc 
who  would  calk  to  the  grief  of  thofe  whom  God 
had\voiinded;znd  was  now  in  4  rvay  to  heal  again 
Some  would  Jnterpretatively  (ay, with  the  Churl- 
i{h  Nabal,  I  Sam.  25.10.  Who  are  thefe  ? 
And  whence  come  they  ?  There  are  many  Ser- 
vants now  adays  that  break  away. every  one  from 
hu  Mafter.  But  then  was  the  feafon  when  we 
had  moft  Experience  of  Gods  Faithfulnefs :  And  I 
fliall  never  ccafc  to  own  before  the  world  the 
.  great  Refpeft  we  found  from  fome  Engli^}  Mer- 
^  chants,  to  whom  we  were  perfect  Strangers;  and 

The  Preface. 
the  Civiliiics  of  Captain  Coodfun,Ca^ta\n  Smithy 
\iiT,  Mate,  and  his  Son,  are  not  to  be  forgot- 

Perhaps  ,  after  all  this,  the  Reader  will  be 
earneft  to  be  fatisficd,  why  this  Narrative  has 
lien  fo  long  Dormant,  and  appeared  no  fooner 
in  the  World?  And  I  fhall  herein  alfo  endeavour  to 
give  him  all  Reafonable  SatPsfaUton. 

1.  When  we  return'd  into  England,  we 
found  our  Native  Countrcy  embroy  led  in  a  moH 
dreadful  Civil  War,  and  moft  Men  had  enough 
to  do,  to  bear  their  own  Perfonal  Calamities, 
and  had  little  need  to  be  troubled  with  the  mifs- 
ries  of  others ;  they  were  other  kind  of  Decla- 
rations that  flew  abroad  then,  and  that  was  c- 
nough  to  fupcr  fede  a  Narrative  of  this  Natnre, 
for  fome  Years. 

2.  Hhz great  mercies  of  Cod\iavz  not  always 
their  ^«f  Wf/V/;:  upon  our  hearts  at  firfi;  and  I 
have  received  fignal  Deliverances  from  eminent 
dangers  fincc  'that  great  one  ;  and  it's  well  if  all 
the  mercies  of  our  Lives ,  all  our  Deliverances 
p/it^together,  will  amount  to  an  Argument  ftrong 
enough  to  overcome  our  backwardnefs  to  make 

3 . 1  thought  a  long  while  that  it  was  not  worth 
the  while,  to  trouble  the  World  with  my  par- 
ticular concerns,  till  the  Importunity  of /jwr^/ 
Minifters,  and  others,  both  in  City  and  Coun- 
trcy, overcame  my  reluftancy,  in  whofe  Rea- 

Bj  4.1 


4.  Ivas  confcious  to  my  fclf  of  great  unfit- 
vc[s  to  recommend  it  to  publick  view,  in  fuch 
a  garb  as  might  vindicate  it  from  Connn-.p  \  for 
though  it  has  been  drawn  out  many  Years  im^ 
Ti-y  own  hand,  and  many  have  had  the  pernj^iloi 
it,  h2\'C  approved  It,  and  de fired  it. ;  yet  till  I 
could  prevail  with  a  Friend  to  teach  it  to  fpe.ik^  a 
little  better  En^Ujli,  I  could  not  be  pcrfwadcd  to 
\ct[twalk.abrcad:  The  Stujf  andnmur is  my 
own,  t\\<:Trinirr)in7  and  Form  w  another s,  for 
whom  I  muft  vouch,  that  he  has  done  the  Truth, 
piy  felf,  'Wd  the  Reader,  jitflice,  ■ 

Having  overcome  all  thefc  difficulties,  I  do 
here  EriU  ny  Ebcncur,  as  ^i  (rr.idl  MoniP'tcnt 
of  q^rcat  Mercy,  and  us  an  Obligation  upon  my 
,Soul  to  gre.n  Duty,  and  do  pray  that  it  may 
lland  as  an  AouUu^r  n-itiiefs  for  God  in  rriy  Ccn-  ;  that  when  ever  lam  tempted  to  fin,  I 
may  have  an  Anfwer  ready  to  flop  the  mouth  of 
the  Tempter  with  Indignation  :  How  cm  I  do 
this  Z_reat  evi',  and  Jin  ,!gainjl  my  good  God} 
When  I  am  tempted  to  diftruft,  I  may  encou- 
rage my  Faith -from  my  own  Narrative,  fayi-ig, 
Remenibcr  that  God  who  delivered  thee  at  the  Sea: 
when  I  am  tempted  to  murmur,  I  may  fupprefs 
thofe  mutinous  thoughts  from  my  own  Narra- 
tive, faying,  Remember  what  that  enduredfl  in 
Algiers.  When  my  Heart  grows  cold,  and 
unthankful ,  I  may  chide ,  and  fhame  it,  from 
my  own  Narrative,  into  gratitude  to  God^  That 
God,  Vfho  rfmcmf>rtd  tu  tn  oftr  Ivvf  EJfate ;  for 


The  Preface, 
hii mercy cnditreth for  ever!  who  prefcrved  us 
it  the  Sea,  the  Great  Sea;  for  his  mercy  eudu' 
reth  for  ever  !  and  fecured  us  in  a  Boat,  a  Con- 
tempt tble  Boat,  for  his  mercy  enditrethfor  ever  I 
who  gave  us  favour  in  the  Eyes  of  Strangers , 
for  hts  mercy  endureth  for  ever  !  and  opened  to 
US  the  hearts  of  Enemies ;  for  his  mercy  endureth 
for  ever !  and  taught  us  to  look  up  to  his  never 
failing  Mercy,  when  Friends  fatted,  for  his  mer' 
cy  endureth  for  ever  !  who  returned  us  fafe  to 
England,  for  his  mercy  endureth  for  ever  I  WC 
called  upon  him  tn  the  day  of  our  Trouble^  hs 
delivered  tu,  and  we  willglorife  him. 
^  Reader,  this  Narrative  is  true,  pcrufc  it  fc- 
rioufly,  and  let  not  Vanity  tempt  thee  to  fay, 
Things  might  have  been  better  contrived,  wife- 
Her  managed;  it  was  God  that  did  what  was 
Good  in  All;  call  not  his  wifdom  in  Queftion, 
bccaufehe  did  not  create  more  wonders  tograti- 
fic  thy  itching  Humour ;  perhaps  thou  wouldfl 
have  had  us  been  brought  over  upon  *  Floating 
Jfland,  or  in  a  Whales  Belly,  but  I  do  not  under- 
ftand  that  the  great  God  is  bound  to  work  Mi- 
racles to  fave  mens  longings  :  God  has  done  his 
work  well,  and  none  can  mend  it ;  for,  what 
can  the  man  do  that  comes  after  the  King  ?  Eccl. 
2. 12.  For  the  matter  of  FaH  Recorded  herein, 
I  might  fafely  call  God  to  Record  upon  my  Soul 
that  I  lye  not :  The  thing  is  known  to  many,  and 
has  been  fiftcd ,  and  fcann'd  by  fuch  Eyes  and 
Ears  as  are  not  guilty  of  eafie  Credulity;  I  have 
B  4  Evi- 


The  Preface. 
Evidence  that  may  ftorm  the  moll  obftinatc  un- 
belief: Mr,  Thomas  Saunders,  my  Wife's  Bro- 
ther, being  in  Alayorl^not  long  after  we  came 
from  thence,  faw  our  Boat  hang  up/^r  a  Mo.ik. 
went  upon  the  fide  of  the  great  Church  there. 
Mr.  Robert  Hales,  who  was  there  1671.  aflurcs 
me  he  faw  the  naked  Ribs  and  Skeleton  of  ir  th-n 
hanging  in  the  fame  place :  Now,  I  afTure  thcc, 
Reader,  I  ihouldbe  much  afhamed  of  my  fcif, 
if  Strangers  unconcerned  in  my  P^rfonal  Deli- 
verances, fliould  be  ftifar  concerned  as  to  prq- 
fervc  a  Memorial  of  them,  and  yet  itnihankfnl 
I  Hiouid  Erecft  no  Standard  or  Pillar  as  an  Evi- 
dence of  Gods  wonderful  appearing  for  me. 

It's  true,  I  am  informed  by  one,  that  fome 
affirm,  there  are  more  Boats  hanging  up  in 
Jllayork,  in  Memory  of  forr.efuch  like  efcape  : 
Now,  if  others  have  rf<?//yf/c(j/;f^  the  fame  dan- 
ger, by  the  fame  means,  it  greatly  confirms  our 
Narrative ;  and  I  do  hcartily"rejoycc,  that  Pro- 
vidence has  appeared  in  the  fame  A-icthod  for 
others,  as  for  our  felves :  we  never  intended  to 
Monopolize  Gods  Providences  to  our  fole  itfe  o- 
behoof;  and  we  rcjoyce  if  our  Attempt  and  Suc- 
cefs  may  have  encouraged  others  to  make  the 
like  atter,ipt,  and  have  found  the  hkefuccefs  ;  but 
I  do  aflert  it  with  great  confidence,  that  when 
%ve  were  in  Afayork,  there  was  no  fuch  Boat 
hanging  up,  but  the  Inhabitants  there  <«/rrr<?»wf<i 
our  Deliverance  as  fuch  whereof  they  had  no 
fara/ht :  But  if  on  the  oth^r  fide ,    thefe ,   or 


The  Preface. 
fome  of  thdc  fucceeding  Boats  were  but  Tr>:po- 
Jliire,  then  the  gooJncfs  of  God  appears  >7:ore 
rcma/Kabte  towards  us,  that  we  really  were  the 
Subje(f^s  of  fuch  wonder,  which  others  durft 
onely  pretend  to ;  and  it  fcts  a  lul^c  upon  this 
great  Sa.vation,  which  others  have  thought /o 
confdtrabh,  that  they  judged  it  worth  the  while 
to  tell  a  lye  to  entitle  thcmfelves  to  the  Credit  of 
it;  {ot  it's  Cold  and  Silver, not  Copper,  or  bafer 
Metals,i\\^i  they  who  drive  the  Coyning  Trade, 
ftrive  to  Counterfeit. 

Let  then  every  one  that  Reads  ,  underftandy 
and  ferioufly  fit  down,  and  confider  with  him- 
felf,  whether  he  has  not  had  many  eminent  Per- 
'  fonal  Deliverances  in  one  kind  or  other,  which 
this  Marvellous  Providence  of  God  towards  us 
may  not  rcfrefh  his  memory  withal ;  and  if  he 
fhail  hence  be  taught  to  blufh  at  his  forgctfuincfs 
of  lapfed  Mercies ;  if  this  Narrative  lliali  recover 
any  loft  Providences,  and  fix  them  on,  and  rivet 
into  his  Soul ;  if  he  (hall  find  himfclf  awakened 
toduethankfulnefsto  God  for  all  his  benefits  to- 
wards him ;  let  him  joyn  with  me  in  afcribing  all 
the  Power,  and  therefore  all  the  Glory,  to  the 
Alniighty,  and  let  him  kindly  Accept  the  Afli- 
ftanceof  him,  who  fliall  reckon  it  amongft  his 
other  Mercies,*  to  have  teen  Serviceable  to  any 
one  in  Reviving  a  better  frame  of  Heart.  I 

■  .  Reader, 

Thy  Friend  and  Servant, 

W.  Okcley. 





:  ME^CT 

sEcr.   I. 

J  Brief  JcroH/it  ofthofe  rrovidcncej 

which  led  torpurds  our  Captivity 

in  Algiers. 

TH I  S   Narrative  would  be  too  Uappy 
if  it  fhould  not  meet  with  fonlc  hajiy 
undimfatient  Spirits,  that  grudge  the 
time  that's  fpent  in  Preface  and  Introdftitioni 
and  fuch  as  thefe,  are  wild  to  come  at  the  Story 
f  the  Boat ;  all  the  reft  is  but  one  great  tedious 
^pertinency,  they'lc  not  give  a  Figg  for  all  the 
*  Other. 


a  A  Small  Moimment 

other.  1  fhall  make  never  the  more  hafT:  for  un- 
reafonablc  Importunity  j  but  the  Remedy  is  in 
their  own  hands,  they  may  turn  over  a  few 
leaves,  and  meet  with  it  in  it's  proper  place,  if 
they  fit  upon  Thorns.  But  to  the  more  judici- 
ous and  conrideratc,it  will  be  acceptable  to  know 
\\OVf  our  Foot  Wds  taken  in  the  Snare,  as  well  as 
how  the  Snare  was  broks",  ^ndwe  delivered. 

In  the  Moncth  oi  Jitne,  in  the  Year  of  Our 
Lord  One  Thoufand,  Six  Hundred  Thirty  and 
Nine,  in  purfuance  of  a  Commiflion  from  the 
Right  Honourable,  the  Earl  of  Wamick.-,  the 
Lord  Say,  and  the  Lord  Brook^.  we  took  Ship 
at  Grave  fend,  in  the  Mary  of  London,  carry- 
ing fix  Guns,  Mr.  Boarder  being  Mailer,  and 
James  Walker  the  Mafters  Mate  ;  the  Ship  was 
chiefly  Laden  with  Linncn  and  Woollen  Cloath, 
having  in  her.  Seamen  and  PaiTengers,  above 
fixty,  bound  for  the  Ific  of  Provtdcnce  in  the 
Weft- Indies.  Five  wcek,s  we  lay  in  the  Downs, 
whhing,  and  waiting  for  a  Wind,  and  then  we 
fet  Sail,  and  came  to  an  Anchor  near  the  Ijle  of 
m^ht ;  but  by  this  time  all  our  Beer  in  the  Ship 
ftunk,and  we  were  forced  to  throw  it  over  board, 
and  to  take  in  Vinegar  to  mix  with  Water  tor 
our  Voyage.  The  next  Lords  Day  we  fet  Sail 
again,  and  coming  between  the  Wand  and  the 
Main  Land,  we  ftuck  faft  in  the  Sands,  but  the 
Tide  coming  in,  hove  us  off.  Thele  Circum- 
ftances  fecm  very  inconfiderable  to  thofc  that 
were  no:  concerned  in  the  Products  of  them; 


Of  Great  Mercy.  3 

but  God  has  given  us  the  Advantage  and  Icifure 
to  fee  what^rr.,  thsn^s  were  in  the  Womb  ot 
thefe  little  tLgs.  Had  the  Wmd  flood  /.^j^.r 
againllus,  it  had  been  r..r./.r ;«,  and  the  dan- 
ger had  been  faft ;  had  it  ftood  lefs  Me  againll 
us,  it  had  been^r  h*  too,  and  we  had  been 
oone  pa[i  the  danger  :  But  God  appoints  it  the 
Moment  when  it  Oiould  come  about  to  blow  us 
into  the  Mouths  of  our  Enemies  :  We  fee  the 
Truth  of  that,  Te  know  not  what  to  pray  for : 
We  prayed  for  a  Wind,  and  we  h^d  a  Whirl- 
wind: If  we  always  knew  what  mifchicf  the 
Anfwerof  our  Prayers  would  do  us,  we  ihould 
be  glad  to  eat  our  words,  and  pray  againft  our 
Prayers.  Denyal  is  often  the  bcft  Aniwcr,  and 
we  had  need  leave  all  Petitions  to  the  wifdom  ot 
God  to  be  Interpreted ,  according  to  his  good 
pleafure,  and  returned  as  they  may  be  good  tor 
us,  and  make  moft  for  his  own  Glory  :  wc 
werealfo  taught,  that  the  Sea  may  fometimcs 
be  our  beft  Friend,  and  the  Earth  our  worit  L- 
ncmy ;  and  that  nothing  can  do  lu  good  ox  hurt 
bntby  the  Dncihonand  CoMWiJfion  of  the  JlL- 

mfhty.  ■     "  ^„j 

We  were  now  thee- Ships  in  Company,  ana 
one  of  the  other  I  remember  carried  Nine  Guns, 
Mr.  Church,  Mailer.  The  fixth  day  after  our 
fettingSail  fromthl  J Jle  of  Wight,  hyhrc^koi 
Day  in  the  Morning,  we  difcovcred  three  Ships 
about  three  or  four  Leagues  to  Lee-ward  :  The 
Maftcrsof  onr  §hips  prefcrtly  confuitcd,  what 


if.  A  Small  Aioni'.mcnt 

was  mod  advifeablc ;  whether  to  itay  and  fpcak 
with  them,  or  to  make  the  belt  of  our  way ; 
atlall  (  upon  what  Rcafons  I  know  not  )  it  was 
determined  that  wc  fliould  ftay  :  It  was  not  long 
before  wc  Difcovcred  thofc  other  three  Ships  to 
be  Turks  Men  of  War,  who  cfpying  their  prey, 
endeavoured  to  come  up  with  us,  which  about 
Night  they  efTcded :  Whilll  they  were  com- 
ing up,  the  Mafters  of  our  Ships  fecmcd  rcfolv- 
cd  to  Fight  them,  and  accordingly  made  prepa- 
ration to  receive  them;  but  in  the  Night,  the 
Mafter  and  Company  of  the  Ship  wherein  I  was, 
altered  their  Counfcis,  let  their  Kcfolutions  uyf, 
and  agreed  to  run  for  it;  uncertain  Ci.tiij '■Is  ne- 
ver prodnce  better  fuccefs ;  when  we  might  h?.vc 
gone,  then  wc  would //^^;  and  when  there  was 
jio  way  to  efcape,  then  we  mull  needs  -itter^pr  it : 
Had  we  either  at  firft  refolvcd  ?iot  to  fi^ht  them, 
or  refolving  to  Fight,  h^d p)afeauc/'c::r  Rcfo- 
lutions  like  men  of  Courage,  wc  might,  per- 
haps, cither  have  av^ydcd  th:  duu<rcr^  or  h,  avc- 
ly  Mitfier'd  it.  The  Turks  perceiving  us  be- 
gin to  run,  fcntonc  of  their  Number  to  Chafe 
us,  whilit  their  other  two  attended  the  remain- 
ing two  of  our  Company  till  the  Morning.  At 
break  of  Day  they  began  to  Fight  us,  and  after 
a  fhort  Difpute  Boarded  us,and  took  us  all  three: 
In  the  Mary,  fix  were  flain,and  many  wounded ; 
fo  final!  was  the  difference  between  Flight  and 
Fight ;  but  that  the  Death  and  Wounds  of  tbofe 
that  Jlye  ,_  arc  difhonourabic  j    but  of  them 


Of  Great  Mercy.  g 

that  Fight,  beautiful,  and  Glorious.  _ 

Many  weeks  they  kept  us  clofc  Prifoners  at 
Sea;  wefoundmany  £«<;/'y?^»'"«  in  their  Ships, 
Slaves,  like  our  felves,  from  whom  we  had  no 
other  Comfort,  but  the  Condoling  of  each  o- 
thcrs  Mifcrics,  and  that  from  them  wc  learnt 
a  fmattering  of  the  Common  Language,  which 
would  be  of  fomc  ufc  to  us  when  we  (hould 
come  to  Algiers,  whither ,after  five  or  fix  weeks, 
wc  were  brought. 




A  StriAll  Monnnttnt 

SECT.     II. 

T/jf  Dcfcriptioij  of  Algiers ,  with  their 
Alaftncr  of  Buying  ,  and  Selling 

ALgitr  Is  a  City  very  pleafantly  Scituatcd 
on  the  fide  of  the  Hills,  over-looking  the 
Mediterranean,  which  lyes  North  of  it  ^  and  it 
lifts  up  it's  proud  Head  fo  Impcrioufly,  as  if  it 
Challenged  a  Sovereignty  over  thofe  Seas,  and 
cxpc<fted  Tribute  from  all  that  fhall  look  within 
the  Streights.  It  lyes  in  the  -i^oih.  Degree  of 
Longitude,  and  hath  foinewhar  Icfs  than  35 
Degrees  of  North  Latitude  :  The  City  is  con- 
fidcrably  large ,  the  Walls  being  above  three 
miles  in  Compafs ,  beautified  and  ilrcngthncd 
with  five  Gates  :  Tort-A4ari>ie  tov/ards  the 
North,  and  Vvn  Ptfcadorc  not  far  from  thence, 
and  PorU  Nova  towards  the  South  ;  built,  as 
they  Report,  by  the  Spaniard^  whilft  itwasin 
their  PofTcfllon:  The  Weil:  Gate,  which  they 
call  Bnbawite,  and  the  Eaftcrn  Gate,  which  in 
their  Tongue  is  called  Bub.iz.oon  :  They  have 
alfo  fcveral  ftrong  Caftlcs  befides  that  upon  the 
pointof  the  Mole,  fothat  the  Town  is  judged 
impregnable.  The  City  is  Built  vcryftately, 
antl  yet  more  ftrong  than  (lately  j  and  more 

Of  Great  Mercy.  7 

Famous  than  ftrong,  but  not  more  Famous  for 
any  thing  than  for  infamy,  being  the  Retreat,  the 
Nell  of  thofe  Tmkjjli  Corfairs,  which  have  long 
Tyrannized  in,  and  been  a  Terror  to  the  Neigh- 
bouring Seas.  It  is  fuppofcd  by  fomc  to  con- 
tain four  thoufand  Families,  by  others,  four- 
fcour  thoufand  Ferfons  ^  but  they  mull  needs  be 
very  fliort  in  their  Reckoning,  it  having  been 
Judged,  that  of  all  Nations  there  could  be  (jo  !cfs 
than  twenty  five  thoufand  Sluves.  The  Private 
Buildings  arc  very  beautiful,  flat  Roofd,  Ador- 
ned with  Galleries  towards  their  Courts,  fup- 
ported  by  Pillars  ••  And  they  may  afford  to  build 
fiiinptuoufly,  bccaufe  they  build  at  other  mens 
coll,  and  with  other  mens  hands :  Their  Tem- 
ples are  alfo  very  Magnincent ,  and  much  too 
good  for  their  Religion,  whofe  Pradice  and 
Converfation  fpeaks  them  to  fay,  'Ihcrc  is  no 
God.  And  yet  wc  Read  of  a  Kelij^ions  Thief, 
who  never  went  about  the  worl^j  of  hif  c^t/linjr 
C  for  fo  he  called /?f.r/;w^)  but  he  would  fulcryinly 
implore  the  Ajfiftdnce  of  his  Idol  :  ;\  {Irange 
god,  fure;  that  would  be  acceflary  to  his  De- 
voto's  Robberies:  And  a  firange  Worfliipper, 
that  either  hoped  to  Flatter  bis  god  to  become  his 
accomplice  in  Villany,  withtheVowof  agood 
round  fliare  of  the  Booty,  or  would  be  fuch  a 
Fool,  to  think  That  God  worth  the  Worfhip- 
ping  that  fhould  be  thus  flattcr'd.  They  have  al- 
io many  (lately  Baths,  to  which  the  Men  refort 
in  the  Morning,  and  the  Women  in  the  After 

8  A  Small  Monument 

noon.  But  they  want  oncyworth  them  (ill,  where- 
in they  might  by  Faith  and  Repentance  wa(h 
awayilk'r  hlthincfs. 

To  this  /Mr  City  wc  were  brought,  yet  ia 
our  Eyes  it  was  mofl:  «?/)'  and  deformed ;  for 
the  French  Proverb  is  univerfally  true,  11  n'y  a 
pofnt  de  bel  Prtz.on.  There  it  no  fuch  thing  oi  a. 
fair  Prifon.  I  confefs,  for  a  God,  it's  one  of 
the  btft  butlt  that  I  have  feen ;  there's  nothing 
that  the  Soul  of  Man  bears  with  more  regret 
than  Reftraint :  The  Body  it  felf  is  judged  by 
fomc  to  be  but  the  Souls  little-eafe,  or  Cage  ; 
where  though  it  feems  to  Dwelt,  yet  'tis  but  in 
HonoHTtibte  Durance  ;  and  though  it  dares  no? 
brc.ik^the  Prifon,  yet  it  liftens,  and  longs  for 
a  CouUeUvcry  :  There  can  be  nothing  large 
enough  for  a  Soul  but  God,  from  whom  fincc 
it  once  at  frjl  came,  it  muft  needs  be  reiilefs 
till  it  rctnrn  to  bim  again; and  furely  it  has  much 
forgot  it  felf,  and  cxtrad,  if  it  can  take  up  with 
fatisfadion  in  any  thing  on  thtsfdc  its  Crea- 

As  foon  as  wc  were  put  afhore,  for  the  firft 
Night  we  were  Uckiddoxvn  in  a  deep  nafty  Cellat ; 
fomc  inconveniences  wc/(f/f,but  they  were  no- 
thing to  what  we/^rf^:  The  next  day  we  were 
carried,  or  led,  or  rather  driven  to  the  Vice- 
Roys,  or  Bafhaw  s  Palace ,  who  according  to 
theCuftome,  and  his  own  Right,  is  to  have  the 
tenth  man  for  his  Dividend  of  the  Slaves. 

When  the  next  Market  day  came,  we  were 

Of  Great  Mercy.  g 

ariven  Itkr  />c.j/ls  thither,  and  cxpofcd  to  Sale  • 
and  there  is  a  great  deal  of  God's  goodncfsin 
thut  one  word,  tliat  it  was  not  to  the  Slaughter- 
hotifc  to  be  Butcher' d,  2S  \v cW  as  to  r.\\c  A f arks t 
to  be  SoU.  Their  Cruelty  is  great,  but  their 
Covttoiifncfs  exceeds  their  Cruelty ;  could  they 
|)  make  as  much  of  us  Dead,  as  they  make  altvey 
\  that  fo  both  the  Interefls ,  of  Cruelty,  and  of 
Covet oiifnefs  might  he.  fe cured  and  rcconctledy 
we  are  well  affured  which  way  it  fhould  have 
gone  with  us.  But  it  muft  be  a  great  deal  of 
J'allow  and  Fat,  that  will  anfwer/ivo  or  three 
Dollar}  a  Afoneth. 

Their  manner  of  Selling  Slaves  is  this.  They 
lead  them  up  and  down  the  Fair,  or  Market ; 
and  when  a  Chapman  bids  any  money,  they 
prefently  ciy,a-Rache  !  a  R ache  !  that  is.  Here's 
fo  rr.uch  money  bidden,  who  bids  n.ore  ?  They 
that  cheapen  the  cxpofcd  Slaves  arc  very  cn- 
citiifpeil  Perfons,  they  carry  their  tyes  in  their 
Heads,  as  well  as  their  mony  tn  their  Piirfes, 
and  ufethe  one  in  laying  out  ^o.  other;  for  they 
are  loth  to  buy  a  Pig  in  a  poke  :  Their  firft  Po- 
licy is  to  look-in  their  months ;  and  a  good,lirong, 
entire  fet  of  Grinders  will  advance  the  Price  con- 
fiderably;  ani  they  have  good  Rcafon  for  this 
Pradice :  for  firft,  they  are  Rational  Creatures, 
and  know,  that  they  who  have  not  Teeth,  can- 
not <•-«/;  andthcy  that  cannot  eat^  camot  n>or  k,; 
and  ihzythit  cannot  work., ate  not  for  their  turn; 
and  they  that  arc  not/or  their  turn,  are  not  for 
')  C  z  their 




■jo  .       j4  Small  Moniment 

their  money.  And  SccondIy,thcy  intend  to  keep 
them  dt  hard  meat  M  the  Year,  and  it  mull  not 
he  ^itKS,  but folid Teeth  (nay,  ifitwcrcpof- 
fiblc,  cafe'lMrJeii'd  Teeth)  that  muft  chew  it ', 
and  when  all  is  done,  they  had  need  of  the  0- 
Jiriches  Stomach  to  digcft  it.  Their  next  pro- 
ccfs  is  to  feel  their ;  QS  whether  there  be 
any  frail  itre,  or  Difloctttion  in  the  Bones  j  any 
thing  Analogical  to  Spavin,  or  Ri>{^-honc,  for 
thcfc  will  bringdown  the  Market  wonderfully  : 
And  to  be  clean  Limb'd,  clofe  coupled,  well  joynt- 
ed,  will  advance  it  m  much.  The  yi^^e  if  very 
confidcrable  ;  but  they  that  fell  them,  did  not 
breed  them,  and  therefore  they  know  nothing, 
morcorlefs  of  that:  Two  ways  they  lave  to 
find  out  the  Age ;  the  one  is,  to  ihnd  to  the 
courtefic  of  the  Slaves,  but  they  are  not  bound 
to  make  any  fuch  Difcovery,  and  therefore  they 
go  by  general  conic(nures  from  the  Beard , 
Face,  or  Hair;  but  a  goodfct  ef  Teeth  will 
make  any  one  ten  Tears  Toiin^er,  and  a  broken 
one  ten  Years  Older  than  the  Truth;  for  if  they 
were:  five  hundred  Tfnrs  OWall  is  a  cife,  if  they 
could  but  eat  and  work^;  or  if  they  could  not  eat, 
yet  if  they  could  but  work,  or  if  neither  eat  nor 
work^,  iftheirS/ywj  would  but/''rc^»«  the  mo- 
ney again.  You  fhall  have  the  Seller  commend 
his  Goods  to  the  Sky,  and  the  Buyer,  on  the 
other  hand,  as  much  vndervalne  them,  and  the 
true  Market-price  commonly  lies  juft  between 
them;  but  fo  it  is  all  the  World  over.     0,fays 


^.iC— :,      :- ■  ■  ■-       -     ■■■- 

Of  great  Mercy.  1 1, 

the  Seller,  mark  what  a^he  has,  what. 
breadth  he  bears  between  the  fhouldcrs !  What 
a  Che II !  How  jlrong  fet  !  How  fitted  on  the 
nonet  for  Burdens  I  Hc'le  dobut  e'nc  too  r>:uch 
worki  PiHi,  fays  the  Buyer,  He  looks  like  <z 
Ptllard,  like  a  very  Meacock,  at  his  Provender , 
and  one  that  fcems  to  be  furfcitcd.  But  t'ncy 
are  very  curious  tn  examining  the  Hands;  for 
if  they  be  callous  and  brawny,  they  will  fhrewd- 
ly  guefs  they  have  been  mured  to  Labour ;  if  de- 
licate, and  tender.,  they  will  fufpecfl  feme  CV;;- 
tleman,  or  Merchant,  and  then  the  hopes  of  <i 
good  Price  of  Redemption  makes  him  Sale- 

When  any  arc  Sold ,  they  muft  be  trotted 
or.ce  more  to  the  Vice-Roys,  that  he  may  have 
the  Review  of  them,  and  if  he  likes  any  of  them 
at  the  prizes  they  went  off  at,  there's  no  more 
Difpute,  they  are  his  own. 

As  for  my  fclf,  I  was  Sold  the  firfl:  Market- 
day  to  a  Tagareen ;  and  that  the  Reader  may 
not  flumblc  at  that  hard  word,  he  mayunder- 
iland  ;  That  when  the  Aioors  were  driven  out  of 
Spiiin  by  Ferdinand  the  Great,  they,  upon  their 
return  into  Africa,  affumed  Names  that  might 
Argue  Gentility ,  and  be  an  Evidence  of  their 
.Ancient  Extrafl,  from  fuch  places  where  they 
had  hcengreat  Dons,  and  accordingly  there  are 
many  Families  thus  denominated ;  as  Tagarecns, 
Jarbeens,  &c. 

C  3 




A  Small  Monumtnt 

SECT.     III. 

An  Account  of  foiiie  Difficulties  that  I  met 
rvith  during  mj  Captnntj  in  Algiers. 

THofe  Miferics  which  it  is  dreadful  to  endure, 
are  yet  delightful  to  be  remcwbrcd-^  and 
there's  a  fccrct  picafurc  to  chew  the  Cud,  and 
ruminate  upon  efcafcd  d/tn^trs  :  However,  the 
Reader  may  afford  to  run  over  with  his  Eye  tn 
an  hoitr^  that  which  I  ran  through  tn  five  Tears ; 
and  fuppofing  himfelf  fafe  upon  the  Amphithea- 
tre, may  behold  poor  Slaves  Corr.hatina  with 
hcafii  below. 

The  firft  Adventure  I  met  with  after  I  was 
brought  to  my  Patrons  Houfc  (  for  fo  I  mull: 
now  ilile  him)  had  well  nigh  cort:  me  my  Life. 
My  Patron's  Father  being  ddirous  to  fee  his  Sons 
Penny-worth,  commanded  me  up  into  a  Gallery, 
which  looked  into  the  Court  j  he  began  to  in- 
fuk  over  me  with  infupportabiefcorn,  refleifting 
upon  me  bccaufe  I  was  a  Qhrtftian,  and  cart:  out 
fome  Exprcflions  which  did  really  reflet  upon 
the  Perfon  of  my  Redeemer,  (though  I  have 
heard  worfejince.')  My  Neckjwas  notyet  bowed, 
nor  my  Heart  broksn  to  the  Tok.e  of  Bondage  ; 
I  couJd  not  well  brook.,  becaufe  I  had  not  been 
pfed  ttatn  to  fych  Language  j  and  becaufe  I  could 


Of  Great  Mercy.  1 3 

not  ci'prcfsmy  fclf  in//)e  Aiorefco,  ox  Lingua. 
Franc,  I  fupplycd  it  with  Signs ;  and  imitating 
the  Coblers  Tarkc,  I  fignifiedboth  ways  as  well 
&S  I  could,  That  their  Prophet  was  but  a  Cablcr. 
I  confcfs,  my  meaning  was  no  more,  but  that 
Mahomet,  by  the  hclpof  5f/-^//«,  a  Neflortan 
Monk^,  and  Abdalla  the  Jew,  had  patch'd  up  a 
Cento  of  Jewijlt,  and  A/onkip)  Foppertes,\vhich 
was  now  their  Religion.  But  he,  without  the 
preamble  of  many  Ratling  words,  fell  upon  me 
with  fevere  blows;  what  ever  Rage  and  Fury 
hts  Hands  or  Feet  could  Execute,  that  I  felt ; 
and  my  intreaties  did  but  inrage  his  cholcr,  fo 
:hat  1  faw  I  might  fooner  blow  out  the  Ftrc  with  a 
pair  of  bellows,  than  lenifie  his  Paffion  with  pray' 
crs;  I  had  no  Other  way  but  this,  to  make  an  of- 
fer of  leaping  down  out  of  the  Gallery  into  the 
Court,  and  therefore  clapping  my  Hands  upon 
the  Rails,  as  if  I  would  throw  my  felf  head-long 
down  over  them ,  and  rather  chufe  to  receive 
my  Death  from  r/)e  Vaverr.ent,  than/;w  Hands, 
heprefently  affwages,  \{not  hi^  R<*zc-,  yctr^e 
Execution  of  it.  The  Old  Gentleman  knew  ve- 
ry well,  that  if  I  loft  my  Life,  his  Son  muft  lofe 
hts prefent  money,  and /«r«rf  profit;  ior there's 
little  made  out  of  a  Dead  Mans  Skin :  and  there- 
fore he  refpites  my  further  punifhment  till  my 
Patron's  return ,  and  then  indeed  this  reputed 
blafphemy  of  mine  with  full  cry  was  carried  to 
his  Ears,  and  it  loft  nothing  in  the  telling,  but 
was  aggravated  to  purpofe:  My  Patron  being 
C  4  Naturally 

I  ^  A  Small  Monument 

Naturally  a  very  pafTionatc  Ntan,  faid  nothing, 
but  witl.out  Exaniination,drc\v  out  bts  lonf  kjujc, 
(  which  they  conlhntly  wear  by  their  fides  )  and 
made  at  inc  ;  and  had  there  doubtlcfs  put  ..n  end 
to  my  life  and  Cuptivity  rj  oncc^  had  not  his  wife, 
who  was  there  feafonably  prcfent,  taken  him  in 
her  Arms,  and  fwectcn'cl  him  into  more  mode- 
rate counfcls.  Some  will  be  ready  enough  to 
fay  that  I  was  but  a  A'inrtyr  to  my  own  Folly  ; 
This  was  not  a  place  for  Difpitte^  but  Obedience. 
Well,  I  learnrfrom  hence  twoLcfTons  :  One, 
That  irhenihcB'Jciyif  aSltive,  the  Renfon  n.uFl 
vot  exfefi  to  be  Free ;  and  where  the  whole  out- 
w.ird  M^:n  is  in  Bondage,  the  Tovgue  mnfi:  not 
^icad  Exemption.  A  Second  ,  That  it's  fair 
for  Slaves  to  enjoy  the  freedom  of  their  own  Cot,- 
fcietxesy  without  Reviling  another s  Religion,, 
though  erroneous;  and  this  wit  I  bought,  as  it 
fell  out,   it  pretty  good  Penny-worth. 

When  the  Storm  was  ovef,  my  Employment 
was  afTigned  mc  (  for  they  had  rather  fee  a  Slave 
deadihnn  Idle)  and  forabouthalf  a  Year  it  lay 
in  trudging  en  Errands,  bearing  Burdens,  and 
difcharging  other  domcftick  Services  at  Com- 
mand,  wherein  the  oncly  confideration  was,  thiU 
it  wat  commanded,  and  wa^  comman- 

At  this  time  my  Patron  had  /«  part  in  a  A  fan 

'of  War,  which  carried  twelve  Guns/  She  being 

at  Sea  (  with  fome  others  of  the  fame  place  ) 

met  with  an  EnfUfh  Merchant  ,    Li{den  with 

••  .  Plate, 

Of  Great  Mercy.  15 

Plate,  and  other  Rich  Commodities  from  5f  ^ 
and  Bound  for  London,  (  one  Jfaac  being  Ata- 
jler.,)  and  after  a  very  j/jrfr^,  though //;(/rr<!'»/^ 
piite,  the  yllgennes  carried  her,  and  brought 
her  fafc  home.  The  Adventurers  divide  their 
Booty,  and  being  high  flown  with  thisfuccefs  , 
they  Kefolvc  to  ht  her  out  again  to  carry  more 
Guns ;  and  from  hence  grew  r>:y  new  Employ- 
ment. Upon  the  Ciirpcnterjlattcndcd,  waited 
on  the  Smiths,  to  get  the  Iron- work  fitted,  and 
finilhcd;  and  truly  he  allowed  mc  more  for  Por- 
tage than  to  the  ordinary  Han.mcls,  or  Common 

When  this  Ship  was  now  fitted  for  another 
Adventure,  my  Patron  tells  me,  1  muj} go  in 
her ;  it  was  a  nipping  word  :  I  pleaded,  that  I 
was  no  Sea-man ,  underftood  nothing  of  the 
Mariners  Art,  and  therefore  as  he  could expe(ft 
little  Service  from  r>.e  in  that  kind,  fo  I  mull 
cxpcCi  mofi  rigorous  treatment,  becaufe  I  could 
not  acquit  my  A  If  in  the  Service  as  well  as  others; 
he  removed  iny  Pleas,  and  promifed  I  (hould 
not  be  wronged ;  but  there  was  more  at  the  bot- 
tom than  all  "this :  For  here  a  cafe  of  Confcicncc 
offered  it  felf,  Whether  1  might  without  /in  in 
any  cafe  fight  again/}  Chrifltans,  on  the  Port  of 
the  common  Enemy  of  all  Chriflianity  ?  The  bell 
Refolution  I  could  give  my  felf,  was  this ;  that 
firJl,  my  employment  would  oncly  lye  m  man- 
aging the  T.iciVf, which  will  kill  no  body ;  but  it 
was  rcplycd,that  without  the  due  rr.anagement  of 


16  A  Small  MoKiment 

iheT.:ckle,  all  the  Guns  in  the  Ship  would  kill 
nobody:  Secondly,  therefore!  anlwcicd, That 
it  was  not  evident  that  they  would  engage  againft 
Chrifbans  more  than  all  the  reft  of  Afi'f'kind , 
for  all  the  World  are  their  Enemies,  who  arc 
JRtch  enough  to  invite  thew^und  too  weak^to  reffl 
them ;  but  my  Patron  had  a  fobaion  worth  all 
thefe  :  He  told  me  peremptorily,  /  «i«/?,  and 
fijouldgo  ;  I  found  my  felf  under  force,  I  was  a 
Prefft  Aian :  who  could  not  examine  thejuflice 
ef  the  Caufe,  In  a  word,  his  Commands  were 
back'd  with  Compulfion,  and  whatever  his  An. 
thority  was,  he  had  more  power  than  1  had  Con- 
race  to  d:ny,  or  ftrength  to  refijl -^  and  go  I  did. 
Yet  fhis  I  will  fay  for  him ;  he  fpokc  to  the  Cap- 
tain r.i  1  Officers  of  the  Ship,  to  treat  me  civtly, 
that  is,  lefs  cruelly  thnn  other  Slaves  were  treated: 
He  gave  me  feme  money  alfo  in  my  Pocket, 
bought  mc  Cloaths,  and  laid  me  in  Provifion 
above  the  Ships  allowance. 

Nine  weeks  we  were  at  Sea,  within,  and  with- 
out the  Streights,  Cruifing,  and  Pickarooning 
up  and  down,  at  (aft  we  met  with  one  poor  Hun- 
garian French  Man  of  War,  whom  we  took, 
and  fo  returned. 

My  Patron  having  been  at  great  charges  in 
fitting,  and  manning  out  this  Snip,  andithe  He- 
frifals  fo  flenderly  Anfwering  his  great  coft,  and 
greater  hopes,  told  mc,  I  mull  allow  him  two 
Dolcrs  per  r/ioaethy  and  Live  afhorc  where  I 
wouW,  and  get  it  where  I  could.     This  was  a 


Of  Great  Mercy.  jj 

hardch.ifter.  That  he  that  cou'd  not  maintain 
htmfelf,  fhould  be  compelled  to  contribute  to 
the  maintenance  of  *?«of^fr;  it  was  difficult /<» 
ratfe  tncreafe  OMtoi  no  flock^,  and  to  pay  Interefl 
out  of  no  rrinipal ;  but  there  was  no  contend- 
ing .•  It  coft  me  much  debate  with  my  felf,  and 
I  turn  d  my  thoughts  into  all  forms  and  [hapes, 
but  all  projcds  that  prefented  thcmfclves  were 
incumbred  with  fo  many  diffciilttcs,  that  they 
amounted  v^ry  near  to  trrjpofjibtitties.  The  more 
Iconfidted,  the  further  I  found  my  felf  from  « 
concliifion,ur\d  I  could  fee  no  way  but  one,  (but 
that  was  worth  a  thoufand,  could  I  have  made 
thebc/l  of  it,)  andzhatwdiS  to  commit  my  felf  to 
Cod,  who  had  brought  mc  into  this  flrait,  be- 
fceching  him  that  he  would  bring  rr.c  out  of  tt. 

But  that  my  trufling  to  God  might  not  be  a 
clo.',k_for  La-Ltncf,  or  a  Pillow  for  Sloath  to  red 
upon,I  addrcd  my  felf  to  an  Englijh-man,w\\otQ, 
condition  was  that  of  a  SLive ,  whofe  Calling 
was  that  of  a  T.iylor.Uc  at  firft  word  counfcllcd 
me  to  come  and  ftay  with  him,  and  he  would 
teach  me  to  work  of  his  Trade,  I  accounted 
nothing  ba/e  that  was  honcft,  and  neceffity  would 
ennoble  afar  meaner  Employment ,  and  very  rea- 
dily clofed  in  my  thoughts  with  his  motion,  and 
was  fuddenly  elevated  into  huge  hopes  that  I 
fhould  now  be  in  a  capacity  to  Anfwer  my  Pa- 
tron's demands,  and  efcape  his  lafli.  But  my 
flraits  were  not  ( it  fecms )  great  enough  to 
gloj-ific  God  j  nor  my  condition  mean  enough  to 



18  J  Small  Moimmnt 

ma^^ninc  his  Power  in  raifing  mc ;  I  \yas  not  re- 
duccdto  Ih^it  which  would  make  an 
Oppartumtyto  exalt  his  appearing  Mercy  ;  tor 
when  I  came  to  him  the  next  day,  1  perceived 
by  his  filencc  that  his  Mind  was  changed,  and  I 
was  loth,  enhcr  out  of  Modejly,  or  Pndc,  to 
give  him  further  trouble  ^  and  therefore  Inter- 
preting his  StUnce  to  be  4  more  Civd  way  of  de- 
nyal,  1  left  him,  and  once  more  Laimcbcdout 
into  the  wide  World. 

In  this  forlorn  Pofture  1  wandred,  but  neither 
k»exv,  nor  n„ich  caredxvhuher ;  though  the  wife 
God  both  ^«c,v,  andcared;  and  his  Providence 
Dircrtcd  mcto  another  Enfhjh-»>.:>,,  who  was 
fitting  in ..  hnle  Shop  :  He  asked  mc  what  News? 
And  (  as  that  which  is  uppcrmolt  always  comes 
out  firlt)  I  prefcntly  began  the  Story  of  my 
defpcratc  Condition  i  how  the  Rigid  Law  ot 
my  Patron  ha^  impofcd  tm  JhlUnper  Aoucth 
Jon  me,  and  I  knew  not  where  to  levy  ihcleajl 
Mite  of  n:  He  heard,  conf.dered,  htycdmy 
Condition,  and  invited  mc  to  come  and  lit  in 
the  Shop  with  him  •,  but  feeing  nothing  but  bare 
Walls,  I  asked  him,  to  wb.^t  End?  What 
Trade  (hould  we  drive  there  ?  There's  not  much 
difference  between //f>-^»«i  »"  the  Streets  and 
^  the  Shop.  Countrey-man  ( /^'d  ^O  I  dr.v^ 
here  an  unknown  Trade  ;  here  I  fell  Lead,  Iron, 
Shot,  Strong  -  waters,  Tabacco,  and  many  other 
thin&s:  This  Motion  was  a  great  deal  too  good 
to  be  rcfufcd ;  and  I  think  at  that  time  no  to^e- 

Of  Great  Mercy.  19 

rable  condition  would  have  ftuck  with  mc. 

1  acquainted  my  Patron  with  my  Defign, 
p'eaded  I  wanted  Itock  to  fct  up  with  -,  he  lent: 
mc  a  f»iHllmodui:m,  and  with  another  pittance 
that  I  had  privately  refcrvcd  of  my  own,  1  be- 
gan to  Trade.  That  very  N-ght  I  went  and 
bought  a  parcel  of  Tabacco ;  the  next  Morning 
we  drefs'd  it,  cut  it,  and  fitted  it  for  Sale  ;  and 
the  World  recmed  to  fmile  on  us  wonderfully. 
In  th  s  way  of  Partncr-fhip  we  continued  for 
fome  while,  and  what  we  got  clear,  we  divided 
every  weekaccordin^  to  the  proportion  of  our 
refpecftiveitocks  In  a  whilc,findingthe  world  to 
come  in  upon  us,  we  ventured  upon  no  Icfs  than 
a  whole  But  of  Wwe ;  fome  Money  we  had,'and 
forrje  Credn  :  This  Winc  we  drcw  out,  andgot 
confiderably  by  it.  But  its  very  diiTicult  to 
maintain  Moderation  in  an  exalted  ilatc,  for  even 
ff«r//<nf  was  capable  o(  hmcr  andworfe;  tot 
my  Partner  being  elevated  with  our. good  Sue- 
cefs,  grcww  ^vodFclUw,  Hndwjdy 
ncglcaedhisbufincfs,  wcnttiphng,  andfud'mg 
up  and  down,  and  the  concerns  of  the  Shop  and 
Trade  lay  wholly  upon  my  (houlders. 

It  fell  out,  t\ut  one  John  Randal,  who,  with 
his  Wife  and  Child  were  taken  in  the  fame  Shio 
with  my  felf,  being  put  to  the  fame  fliifts  with 
my  felf,  an.l,  as  'tis  very  common,  having  a 
Moncthly  Tax  impofcd  upon  him  by  his  Patron, 
which  he  mulKcrape  up  where  he  could,  and 
befides  maintain  hiinfelf,  his  Wife,  and  Ch'ld». 

JO  -^  Small  Moniment 

went  up  and  down  fccking  fur  Relief,  at  lafl 
the  poor  Man  ftraggled  to  our  Shop  :  His  cafe 
made  great  impreflion  upon  mc,  I  could  not  but 
confider  the  goodncfs  of  God  to  inc,  that  fhould 
now  be  in  a  condition  to  advifc^  and  help  anuthcr^ 
who  fo  lately  wanted  both  my  fcif ;  and  it  had 
this  operation  uponmc,  that  I  wou  d  not  fulTcr 
a  poor  diilrcflcd  Countrey-man,  a  Fellow-Cap- 
tive, a  FcllowChriilian  to  iland  begging  at  that 
door,  where  I  had  fo  lately  itood  my  fclf:  Shall 
I  fhut  the  Door,  or  my  Heart  upon  him,  when 
God  had  opened  a  Duor  of  hope  to  mc  in  the 
day  of  my  Trouble?  Shall  I  foill  requite  the 
Lords  kindncfs  to  me  ?  Surely  that  God  who 
comforts  »j  f/i  our  Tribulations,  cxpe(fts  that  tve 
Jliould  con.fort  othirs  in  theirs,  zCor.  1.4.  I 
bad  him  therefore  come  in,  and  knowing  him 
to  be  a  Clover  by  Trade,  advifcd  him  to  learn 
to  make  Canvas  Cloaths  for  Seamen  that  are 
Slaves;  and  for  my  own  part,  he  fhould  fit 
Rent-free ;  but  if  my  Partner  would  infill:  upon 
hti  Alotety,  he  muft  be  willing  to  fatisfic  him, 
for  I  had  no  power  to  determine  of  anothcrs 

It  were  tedious  to  trouble  the  Reader  how  I 
wore  out  three  or  four  irkfome  Years  in  this 
way  of  Trading  ;  All  this  while  there  was  no 
dawning  of  Deliverance  from  our  Bondage :  As 
one  Year  left  us,  another  found  us,  and  deliver- 
ed us  over  Captives  to  the  next  .•  Our  condition 
was  bad ,  and  in  danger  every  day  of  being 

Of  Great  Alcrcy.  21 

worfe,  as  the  mutable  Humours  of  our  Patroncs 
determined  upon  us,  for  our  Shop  and  Trade 
was  no  freehold :  The  truth  is,  in  time  we  were 
fo  habfttiated  to  Bondage,  that  we  a\mol\  forgot 
Liberty,  and  grew  ftupid,  and  fenflefs  of  our 
Slavery;  like  IJfachar,  wc  Couched  down  be- 
tween our  burdens,  we  bowed  our  fioidders  to 
hear,  and  became  Servants  to  Tribute,  Gcn.49. 
14,  15.  And  were  in  danger  to  be  like  thofc 
Jfraelttes  in  Babylon,  who  being  once  fettled, 
forgot  Canaan,  and  dwelt  wit  b  the  Ktn^  for  his 
work^,  1  Chron.  4.  23.  Wc  fccm'd  as  if  our 
Ears  had  been  bored,  and  WC  h^d  vowed  to  Serve 
our  Patrones  for  ever.  Long  Bondage  breaks 
the  Spirits,  it  fcatters  Hope  cjj\  and  difcoura- 
^cs  ail  at  tempt!  for  Freedom:  And  there  were 
more  evils  attended  our  condition  than  the  bodily 
torture,  which  wc  were  always  lyubU  to,  and 
fometimes  endured^ 

I.  We  were  under  a  perpetual  temptation  to 
deny  the  Lord  that  bought  tti,  to  make  cur  Souls 
Slaves,  t\{dLi  our  B>dtcs  mi^ht  Recover  Liberty. 
As  Satan  once  tempted  Job  to  Curfe  God.  and 
dye ;  fo  he  knew  how  to  change  his  note  to  us , 
and  accommodate  his  Snare  to  our  CunditionXo 
Curfe  God,  that  we  might  Live.  How  many 
have  made  Ship-wracl^  of  Faith,  that  they  might 
not  he  Chained  to  the  Galleys?  I  can  never  e- 
nough  admire  the  grace  of  that  Promife,  Pfal. 
125.3.  The  Rod  of  the  IVicked  fiall  not  al- 
ways refliipon  the  Lot  of  the  Righteotu,  left  the 

2Z  A  Small  Monument 

Righteous  pit  forth  their  h.tniis  to  Ininuity  ^  nor 
ever  enough  adore  the  faithfulncfs  of  him,  who 
vpill  not  fujfer  tu  to  he  tempted  above  we  are 
Me^  I  Cor.  10.  13. 

And  2.  Evil  is  the  unr^aning^  and  difptnttng 
cf  the  Soul  to  worthy  Anions  ;  for  we  arc  apt 
to  pit  on  the  Temper  and  Sprit  of  Sl.ives  with 
the  Habit  ,  and  the  Chrillians  of  the  Greeks 
communion,    are  a  very  fad  tnfiance  of  this 

And  3,  We  were  very  much  at  a  lofs  for  the 
Preaching  of  the  Word :  And  yet  herein  the  gra- 
dous  God  Ikpt  in  for  our  Relief. 


Of  Great  Mercy. 

SECT.     IV. 

>'  \\ 

HoTP  Cod  Trovided  for  our  Sojtls,  by  fend- 
ing us  an  Able  Minifter  to  Vrcacb  the 
Co/pel  to  m  in  our  Bond./gc. 

THE  Gracious  God  looking  upon  theaffliifl- 
ion  ol  his  poor  Servants,  and  Remer/,bring 
M  in  our  low  EJlate,  was  plcafed  many  ways  to 
m  tigate  the  load  of  our  Captivity:  Wc  have 
Rcafon  to  fay,  with  the  Church,  E;Lra  9.  9.  IVe 
were  Bondfmcn^  yet  our  Cod  hati)  not  forfnkcn 
us  in  our  Bondage,  but  hath  extended  Mercy  to 
us,  to  give  U-'.a  reviving,  and  a  Nail  in  hn  Ho- 
ly place  :  And  thus  he  brought  about  his  Dcfign 
of  Grace  and  Mercy.  There  was  an  Enghfi 
Ship  taken  by  fome  of  our  Algermc  Piratcs,and 
in  her  one  Mr.  Devereux  Sprat,  a  Minifterof 
thcGofpcl.  Itdcfervcsourconfideration,  and 
grcatcft  Admiration,  that  the  wife  God  fhould 
jHpp  y  our  Ncccfsittes  at  the  coft  and  charges  of 
others  ofhis  dear  Servants  :  But  thus  Providence 
fcnt  Jofeph  into  Egypt ,  where  he  endured  a 
thirteen  Years  Slavery,  that  he  might  preferve 
the  Lives  of  his  Fathers  Family,  within  whofc 
narrow  walls  the  moll  vifiblc  Church  of  God  m 
thofc  days  was  cnclofcd,  Cfw.  45.  5.  Now, 
fome  of  usobfcrving  this  Mr.  Spntt  to  be  a  Pcr- 
D  fon 


2:^.  A  Small  Monument 

Ion  of  very  Sober,  Grave,  and  Religious  De- 
portment, we  addrefTcd  our  fclvcs  to  him,  and 
humbly  entreated  him,  that  we  might  enjoy  the 
benefit  of  his  Miniltry;  in  Order  whereto,  wc 
(iefircd  him  that  he  v/oiild  compound  with  his 
Patron  at  fo  much  a  moncth  as  he  could,  and  bc- 
caufe  we  were  abundantly  convinc'd  of  our  Du- 
ty to  aiiminilicr  to  him  of  our  Carn,il  tlrtngs, 
who  fliould  adminilter  to  us  of  his  Spiritiiah,\vc 
engaged  to  allow  him  tt  Competency  to  maintain 
liimfcif,  and  fatisfie  the  cxpccftations  of  his  Pa- 
tron :  'I  he  good  man  hearkened  to  us  with  much 
rcadinefs  ^  and  now  indeed  we  found  our  bur- 
dens much  lighter,  and  our  conditions  not  prefs 
fo  hard  upon  our  Spirits :  Thnce  <?  weeli  this 
Godly  painful  Servant  of  Jcfus  Chriil  prayed 
with  us,  and  Preach  d  to  us  the  Word  of  God  ; 
our  meeting  place  was  a  Cellar,  which  I  had  hi- 
red at  fome  diftance  from  our  Shop,  where  I 
flowed  fome  Goods  that  were  peculiarly  my 
own,  when  we  fell  into  a  greater  (Irokc  of  Trade. 
To  our  Meetings  reforted  many  ,  fomctimes 
three  or  fourfcore,  and  though  we  met  next  the 
Street,  yet  wc  never  had  the  lead  diilurbancc 
from  the  Turkj,  or  Aifoors-,  for  whilft  wc  in- 
termedled  not  with  their  SHperJlitions,  but  paid 
our  Patroncs  their  demands^  we  might,  without 
,any  difturbancc  from  them,  IVorPup  our  Cod , 
according  to  our  Confciences :  It's  true,  that  fuch 
were  the  circumlbnees  of  the  Slavery  of  many 
poor  Chriftians,  that  they  cohU  not  attend ;  and 


Of  Great  Mercy.  2^ 

fuch  the  wretched  carelefsnefs  of  others,  that 
they  would  not  attend,  and  fuch  the  Provifions 
that  God  had  made  for  others,  by  other  means, 
that  they  needed  not ,  perhaps ,  attend  upon 
Gods  VVorfhip  with  us ;  but  thus  was  our  God 
plcafcd  to  give  us  the  means  oi  Jlrcnpiming  our 
Jraith,  and  Comforting  our  drooping  Spirits, 

At  length  came  one  Captain  Witdy  of  Rat- 
cliff  to  Trade  there,  who,  with  the  AfTillancc 
of  the  Leghorn  Merchants,  freed  our  Miniftei* 
from  his  Patron,  After  his  freedom  from  his 
Patron,  yet  there  remained  a  Duty  of  fixty  Boi- 
lers, which  was  a  particular  charge  payable  to 
the  Publick  Treafury,  before  he  could  be  fully 
enlarged  from  the  City  .•  Wc  Petitioned  there- 
fore the  Captain,  that  he  might,  and  Mr.  Sprat 
himfclf,  that  he  would  ftill  continue  to  be  Ser- 
viceable to  our  poor  Souls,  in  the  work  of  the 
Gofpel,  and  we  eafily  prevailed,  and  had  the 
benefit  of  his  Miniftry  whillt  I  ftaid  there. 

D  2 



A  Small  Monument 

SECT.    V. 

Some  R€»iark,Me  Obfirvatiotfs  tbut  I 
gleaned  up ,  whilji  I  remained  in  Al- 

THcy  that  are  prclTcd  with  their  own  Pcrfo- 
nal  Crtcv.iiccj,  have  little  Icifurc  to  lool^ 
abroad,  SiWd  obkrvc  the  Motions  of  others ;  and 
indeed  our  own  Afllidions  however  fwectncd  , 
lay  ftill  gnawing,  and  gratinp,  upon  pur  Spirits, 
that  wc  mull:  needs  be  very  ill  qualified  to  trca- 
fure  up  materials  to  make  a  Hiilory.  Such  a 
DeGgn  required  Leifure ,  Liberty,  Privacy  , 
Retircdnefs,  Intelligence,  and  ftrid  correfpon- 
dcncc,  to  all  which  we  were  pcrfed  Strangers. 
Yet  fometimcs  I  could  make  a  Truce  with  my 
Troubles,  and  obtain  fo  long  a  ccfiation  from 
my  Vexatious  prelTures,  as  to  make  Obfer- 

And,  I.  The  Hypocrifie  of  their  Profefsion 
was  fo  notorious,  that  he  mud  put  out  his  Eyes 
that  did  not  fee  it.  One  Mopeth  in  the  Year  they 
Obfervc  their  Rar^cdur^,  which  is  their  Lent ; 
and  indeed  they  Obferve  it  by  day  with  more  than 
A/onkijJi  Jnftcrtty,  impofing  upon  themfelves 
a  total  Akfiinence  :  Ao  Obfervation  which  they 
may  be  prefumed  to  owe  to  that  Nefiortan 

Of^reat  Mercy.  Z^ 

Monk.,  who  club'd  with  Aiahomet  in  the  cur- 
fcd  invention  of  the  yikhoran  :  But  for  all  their 
demure  Oiuidragcfimal  loohj  by  day.,  they  give, 
or  fell  themfelves  to  commit  with  orcedtnefs  all 
manner  of  the  molt  execrable  Villanics  by  night. 
And  they  cheat  themfelves  with  this  cvafion ; 
that  forfooth  Mahornet  Commanded  them  to  Fafi 
fo  many  Days  ,  but  not  fo  many  Nights :  For 
now  they  beat  up  their  Drums,  and  call  their 
Friends  firll  out  of  bed,  thcnout  of  doors ;  they 
provoke,  challenge,  dare  one  another  to  cat , 
drink^,  andrun into  all  excefs  of  Riot.  Thcy 
will  neither  f^are  Man  in  their  Rage,  nor  Wo- 
man in  their  Lttfl  :  The  two  hungry  Meals  of 
tae  Day,  makjs  the  third  of  the  Night  an  errand 
Glutton.  By  Day  they  create  themfelves  a 
Purgatory,  and  by  Night  the  poor  Slaves  find  a 
/Jell.  Now ,  when  they  have  cram  d  their 
Guts  all  Night,  and  arc  Maw  fie k,  in  the  morn- 
ing, they  put  on  their  Lenten  face  again  ;  and 
call  that  a  fafi,  which  is  but  Phyfick;,  and  pre- 
tend Religion  for  thit  which  thcy  arc  compell'd 
to  by  Nature  ;  that  is,  they  Fafi  when  they  can 
eat  and  drinks  no  longer  ;  But  indeed  their  Faft 
by  Day  is  nothing  but  a  d,y  Drupkennefs ;  for 
when  they  have  drunk,  and  whored  themfelves 
into  fin,  they  fancy  they  merit  a  pardon  by  ab- 
ftinence.  A  piece  of  Hypocrifie  fo  grofs,  thai 
whether  it  be  to  be  fampled  any  where  in  the 
World,  unlefs,  perhaps,  by  the  Po^tfh  Came- 
vals^  1  cannot  tell. 

D  3  2,  I 

i'     1 

•ftS  A  Small  Monument 

2.  I  could  not  but  Obferve,  that  thoiighthcy 
allow,  that  every  Man  may  be  faved  in  that  Re- 
Imon  he  prcfifjes,  frovidcd  he  rvalkj  by  tts 
ji'iiles,  and  therefore  that  at  laft,  the  yewj,  un- 
der the  Banner  of  Mofes-^  the  Chriftianj,  un- 
der the  Banner  of  C'/;n// ;  and  the  Tariff,  under 
the  Banner  of  Mahomet,  fhaH  all  March  over  a 
fair  bridge,  into  I  know  not  what  Paradifc,  a 
place  far  beyond  the  Elifiaw Fields  j  yet  they 
afford  no  mi  rcy  to  one,  who  having  once  projef- 
fed,  afterwards  Revolts  from  MahuMetaHifm  j 
an  inlbncc  whereof  I  (hall  now  prefcnt  the  Rea- 
der wirh. 

The  Sfaniardi  every  Year  return  a  confidera- 
blc  fum  of  money  to  Al/jen,  to  be  employed 
in  the  Redemption  of  fuch  of  their  own  Coun- 
trey  as  arc  there  in  Slavery  :  Some  fay,  there 
is  a  particular  Trcafury  fet  apart  for  that  Ser- 
vice; but  this  I  know,  that  they  ufc  the  Cha- 
ritable benevolence  of  well  dtfpofed  Perfons,  to 
advance  it.  Now,  there  u  as  a  Spanish  Frier, 
that  was  a  Slave,  who  being  paflcd  by  in  the 
Redemption  that  Tear,  took  it  very  hatnoufly  to 
be  negle(fled  ,  thought  h\n\h\i  much  yvronged-^ 
hereupon  he  grows  Dtfcontented,  and  the  De- 
vil (  who  never  works  with  greater  fuccefs  than 
upon  that  Humour)  takes  the  Advantage  to  pujii 
him  en-,  and  heinapett.  Renounces  the  Chrf- 
ftian  Religion,  declares  himfclf  a  AfuJJ'ulman , 
and  accordingly  appears  in  his  Turktjh  Habit! 
I  knew  him  very  well  by  fight,  he  was  3  fat, 
'  '  corpulent 

Of  Great  Aiercy.  ;  ; 

corpulent  Pcrfon ;  but  after  ht  had  turned  Rene- 
gado,  I  obfcrved  him  to  become  ihangc'.y  lean, 
and  dcjellcdinhis  Countcna>:ce,  but  I  little  flif- 
pe(fted  ,  that  the  Root  of  his  Dijlempcr  lay  ia 
iji-s  Confciencc :  but  it  fcems  he  had  fevcrcly  rc- 
flcdted  upon  hti  ylpvjiacy,  for  he  had  not  Re- 
nounced onely  his  J'opoy,  but  his  Chrifitanity : 
His  own  Confciencc,  which  wjs  a  thoufind 
Witneffes  againit  him,  was;j  thoufind  Tormen- 
tors toWm\:  Long  he  bore  it's  fccrct  and  fiing- 
vig  Lajhes,  but  when  he  could  no  longer  ihnd 
under  them,  he  goes  to  the  Vice-Roy's  Palace, 
and  there  openly  declares  himfclf  a  Chriltian , 
and  protcfls  againft  the  Supcrltition  and  Idola- 
try of  Mahomet,  iS  3  moll  Execrable,  and  dam- 
nable Impoflurc  :  Immediately  he  is  convened 
before  the  Counccl,and  there  fi:ri(ftly  Examined, 
he  pcrfilts  refolutcly  in  his  Profcfl'ion,  where- 
upon he  is  clapt  in  Irons,  and  for  fomc  time  there 
fccurcd  ;  Now,  they  pretended  this  Reafon  for 
their  procedure.  That  there  had  been  fome 
pradifing  and  tampering  with  him,  either  A/o- 
rally by  Argument,  or  Natural y  by  fomi  Dofe 
of  intoxicating  Drugs,  that  had  thus  Diftem- 
pered  him ;  for  loth  they  were  it  fhould  be 
thought,  that  any  Man  of  found  mind,  or  >,:a- 
fler  of  his  Reafon,  would  ever  Revolt  from  their 
Religion :  But  when  they  fiiw  him  fixt  in  his  Rc- 
folution,  and  that  neither  what  he  felt,  or  might 
fear ;  what  they  had  nifliUed,  or  could  threaten, 
did  unhinge  him  from  his  Profeflaon,  they  pro- 
k  D  4  cccdcd 

30  A  Small  Alomiment 

cccdcd  to  the  laft  Remedy,  and  inexorably  Con- 
demned him  to  the  Fire :  A  way  of  Piini(hmcnt 
which /k^  /fijrwf /'row  r/;f  Spaniards  thcrr.fciva, 
who  fir [}  fct  lip  the  Incjuifition  a^ainjl  the  Moors, 
and  have  now  turned  the  ed^e  of  tt  amrijt  the 
Protcjlants.  And  now  they  proceed  to  the  Ex- 
ecution of  the  Sentence,  which  was  performed 
with  fomc  Pomp,  and  State.  And  firft,  they 
formed  h  Crown  xvith  it  Crofs  upon  the  top  of  n^ 
within  the  Phtcs,  and  liars  whereof  they  put 
Flax;  thus  Crowned,  they  Guard  him  through 
the  City,  out  of  the  Welt  Gate,  about  halt  a 
mile,  which  was  the  appointed  place  of  Execu- 
tion :  andfirft,  one  puts  Fire  to  the  Flax  in  his 
mockzCrown,  to  takcpofliiTion  oi  his  Had,  in 
the  Name  of  the  re  ft  of  his  Body :  at  firit  he 
fliook  it  off,  but  another  put  Fire  again  to  it  with 
a  Cane,  and  then  the  poor  man  flood  patiently ; 
and  prefcntly  they  put  Fi'-e  to  the  whole  Pile, 
and  there  burnt  him  :  1  faw  fome  of  his  Bones, 
and  fcorchcd  Flcfh  after  he  was  dead ;  and  the 
fame  Evening  came  a  Zealous  Spaniard,  and 
carried  away  fomc  of  his  fcorchcd  Flefli,  and 
Bones,  as  the  Holy  Reliqties  of  a  Martyr,  fay- 
ing, Jh.roc  now  done  enough  to  make  fati/'fi^ii- 
en  fur  .'[I  the  f-.s  th  t  I  h.tve  committed. 

3.  It's  worth  .Admiration,  to  fee  in  what 
^reat  awe  they  rtand  of  ihc  meaneft  Officer,  who 
is  known  to  be  fuch  by  his  Turhant,  and  Ha- 
hit.  If  any  AiTray  be  made,  or  a  murder  com- 
mitted in  the  Streets,  the  Chiang- ,  or  Officer 


Of  Great  Mercy.  3  i 

prefcntly  comes  without  any  Weapon,  or  Per- 
fon  to  affill  him  ;  and  if  he  feizes  the  Oficndcrs, 
none  is  fo  hardy  as  to  refill  even  unarr/cd  Autho- 

4.  The  great  Reverence  which  the  Moors 
pay  to  the  1  urk^s,  though  both  Aiuhim.etans,  is 
remarkable;  If  a  AUur  fliall  dare  to  Jlnke  a 
Tm  k^,  he  is  punilht  with  great  fevcrity  :  I  faw 
two  Moors  whilil  I  was  there,  whofe  Ri^ht 
Hands  were  chept  off  for  this  one  Crime,  and 
hung  about  their  Necks  inlirings;  the  one  was 
fct  upon  an  Affc,  the  other  walkt  by  on  foot,  the 
Common  Cryer  proclaimii  g  before  them  their 
Offence,  through  the  chief  Streets  of  the  City. 
I  i.\v;  another  alio  with  his  heels  tyed  to  a  Hor- 
fesTayl;  he  was  wholly  naked,  onely  he  had 
on  a  pair  ofLinnen  Drawers,  and  thus  was  he 
dragg'd  through  the  Strees  :  It  was  a  molt  la- 
mentable Spc(ftacle.  to  fee  his  Body  all  torn  with 
the  rugged  way,  and  Hones  :  the  skin  torn  off 
his  Back,  and  Elbows,  his  FIcad  broken,  and 
all  covered  with  blood,  and  dirt,  and  thus  was 
he  dragg'd  through  the  City  out  at  Biibaz.oon,or 
the  Eait-Gate,  where  he  ended  his  miferablc 

Tv/o  others  of  their  own  Countrcy-mcn  I  faw 
Executed  in  a  moll  terrible ,  and  dreadful  man- 
ner, (  but  cither  I  did  not  know,  or  do  not  re- 
member their  Crimes : )  The  one  was  thrown  off 
from  a  high  Wat.',  and  in  his  Fall  he  was  caught 
by  the  way,  by  one  of  i  be  great  fharp  Hook/, 



;    f  32  A  SntAll  A'lonimcnt 

'l         whicliwcre  faflncd  in  the  Wall;  it  caught  him 
\)\  ytJtnnJer  the  Ribs,  an.l  there  he  hung  rodrifiif 

;;  if         m  it/ifi>c,ikjb/cp.ii;:  till  he  dycLl.     The  other  was 
'■I  fajhitdto  ,t  L.idilcr^  his  ivny?j,  and  yl'iklcs  hc- 

iJ  I         ing  nailed  through  with  Iron  fpikfs,  infucha 
jj'l  poilure  as  fonicwhat  refciiibles  the  Celebrated 

\yf  Crofs  of  St.  jitjdrew ;  an'd  le/l  his  Flcfh  and 
'::|  Sinews  should  fail,  and  the  Nails  not  hold;  his 
Wrifts  and  Ankles  were  bound  fait  with  fmail 
Cords  to  the  Ladder :  Two  days  I  f.iw  hu^  alive 
undtr  thii  Torture,  how  much  longer  he  Lived 
under  it  I  cannot  tell. 

5.  They  are  generally  great  Enemies  to  De- 
bauchery in  Publick  :  It's  a  great  fcandal  to  them 
when  they  fee  any  Chri  lians,  who  broi^^^ht 
licitjlialtty  out  uf  thrir  own  Countries  with  them, 
to  be  guilty  of  it.  I  have  heard  them  fay,  of  a 
Drunken  Slave ;  A  Chn/l-utu  ?  No,  He's  a 
Swine.  And  though  they  will  indulge  thcm- 
fclves  by  Night  (  cfpeciaily  in  their  Kamciam 
Moneth)  yet  woe  be  to  him,  that  (hall  Offend 
hy  Day  in  kind.  There  was  an  EngUfh- 
man,  who  had  brought  over  with  him  his  Drunk: 
en  Humour,  and  his  Captivity  had  not  mttde  him 
Sober:  and  when  Rehgton  not  firm  hold  of 
the  Heart,  a  little  matter  will  make  fuch  a  one 
let  go  his  hold  of  Religion  :  This  En^ltfi-man 
turn'd  a  Renegado,  and  of  a  Dntnken"chrt(ltan 
became  a  Drunken  Tiirk^,  and  was  not  able  to 
keep  the  Tot  from  his  Head,A\ixm^  their  holy  time 
«f  Ramedam ;  being  one  day  foqnd  thus  like  a 


Of  Grent  Mercy.  33 

Sot,  he  was  brought  into  the  C.ijJ'.ibJ,  or  chief 
Court  of  Judicature,  where  he  was  adjudged  to 
receive  many  hundreds  of  violent  blows,  fome 
upon  his  nuked  JJticI^  and  Reins,  others  upon 
bis  naked  Belly ;  he  could  not  creep  from  the 
place  of  punifhment,  but  was  earned  away  by 
The  Harr.rKcls;  his  Bi/Zy,  and  B/Jci^werc  fo  ex- 
coriated, thzt  SarKpfori  Baker,  ziiEnghlh-man^ 
who  was  his  Chirurgeon  ,  afllircd  me  he  was 
forced  to  cut  otF  abundance  of  his  Flefh  before 
he  could  be  Cured. 

6.  What  Cruelties  they  Excrcifc  upon  poor 
Slaves,  needs  not  be  mentioned,  and  there  will 
be  an  Occafion  to  fpeak  of  the  mofl  Ordinary 
iv<*)of  punifhment  c're  long.  Let  it  fuffice,that 
all  is  ylrbitrary,  and  tinlimittcd.  If  a  Patron 
fliall  k'ii  his  Sl.ivc,  for  ought  I  could  perceive , 
he  fuitcrs  no  more  for  it,  than  if  he  fhould  ksH 
his  Horfe :  There  was  a  Dutch  Youth,  a  Slave 
roa7';(ri;,  who,  upon  fome  provocation,  ^r^rw 
his  Knife  at  hts  Patron  ;  for  this  OJfer,  he  was 
Sentenced  to  be  dragg'd  out  at  one  of  the  Gates, 
and  there  to  have  his  ^rfns  and  Legs  broken  m 
pieces  with  the  great  Sledge  Hammer,  which  Sen- 
tence was  accordingly  Executed,  for  though  I 
could  not  fee  his  Face  for  the  crowd,  yet  /  heard 
the  blows,  and  the  mifcrablc  Crys  of  the  poor 
dying  Young  Man, 





yl  Small  Monument 

SECT.     V  [. 

The  jzriev'>u.f  Punipmcnt  Tfjjf/^c:!  upon 
John  Randal,  the  Authors  Danger,  and 
Dclivcr.wce  fro»:  thcfiff/ej  n'poii  prc- 
tefrcc  that  they  h.ul  attempted  to  niak? 
tin  Ej'cupe. 

IT  is  time  to  rc-aflumc  my  own  concerns,  and 
look  a  little  into  my  own  Condition,  which, 
through  the  good  /"rovidcnce  of  God,  was  much 
better  than  that  of  many  of  my  poor  Brethren 
and  Fellow  Captives  j  and  yet  I  met  with  great 
Ebbings  and  Flowings  in  my  Tranquillity  :  whilil 
I  was  managing  my  Trade  very  lloutly  and  fuc- 
cefsfully,  (  J oiin  Randal  wioxV^mg  with  me  in  my 
Shop,_)  my  Partner  having  now  knockt  off,  and 
left  all  tome:  One  day  I  changed  a  Twenty  fhil- 
ling  piece  of  Gold  for  Silver  with  a  Friend,  and 
having  the  money  chinking  in  my  hand,  John 
Randul  asked  mc,  what  I  did  with  fo  much  mo- 
ney ?  I  dcfired  him  to  keep  it  for  me,  till  our  re- 
turn, and  he  fhould  know :  For  he  being  not 
very  well,  wc  agreed  to  walk  out  of  the  Town 
to  take  the  frefli  Air  j  a  Liberty, which  for  fome- 
what  above  a  mile,  is  indulged  to  the  Slaves : 
When  wc  had  walked  almoltto  the  end  of  our 

Of  Great  Mercy.  35 

Tedder,  I  was  dcfirous  to  walk  a  little  further 
toviewtheCoails,  if,  perhaps,  any  Advantage 
might  offer  it  felf  afterwards  for  an  Ecape, 
though  wc  ytttnaily  dcfijTncdnofuch  thing.  As 
we  were  prying  about  the  Scafiie,  one  of  the 
Spies  appoiitcd  conltantly  to  watch,  icftany  of 
the  Slaves  fhould  Run  away,  came  to  us,  and 
charged  us  with  .7;;  itttcn:pt  to  r,u  kf  r.n  Efcape  ; 
wc  flatly  dcnycd  it,  but  he  hold  on  us ;  there 
was  no  rcfiiting.  Obey  we  mull,  and  accord- 
ingly attended  his  Mallcrfhip  towards  the 
City  :  As  we  drew  near,  1  cfpyed  fomc  EngUflt 
rr.en  at  Quoits,  (  for  with  fuch  Recrcdttons  and 
Diverfions,  they  are  willing  now  and  then  to  be- 
guile  the  tcdiom  minutes  of  lingring  thraldom, ) 
I  beckoned  to  one  of  them  whom  I  knew,  tx  pre- 
tending onely  to  whifpcr  with  him,  I  fccrctly 
conveyed  to  him  my  Frrfe,  wherein  wcxc  feven 
Pieces  if  eight ;  \ve  were  prcfcntly  met  by  ano- 
ther Spyc,  and  thofe  two  led  us  to  a  little  blind 
Houfe,  where  they  fearch'd  us,  they  took  away 
the  iwnty  flu  lings,  which  I  had  put  into  my 
Friends  hand,  and  finding  nothing  upon  me,  tool^ 
away  my  Doublet,  and  then  brought  us  before  the 
Vice-Roy,  and  hisCouncil  :  \Ve  were  (Ira ighc- 
ly  Examined,  and  ilrongly  charged  with  an  At- 
tempt to  Efcape :  We  peremptorily  denyed  ally 
and  itood  upon  our  Innocency ,  affirming,  that 
our  onely  defign  of  walkinq  abroad,  was  to  take 
the  frefli  Ait.,  occafioncd  by  my  Fellows  Sick- 
nefs.     This  Purgation  would  not  be  Accepted , 



,5  A  S trail  MonumeM 

andtheB.«/c(j«  was  commanded  to  be  brought 
forth,  \vc  anfvvercd,  wcdunl  notfalfely  accufc  . 
ourfelves,  nor  make  our  felvcs  Criminal,  when 
we  were  not  fo,  and  therefore  if  fuch  was  thetr 
•will  and  plc.ifure.,  we  mull:  abide  by  it,  and  fo 
tvefat  down  bytbeJKckj. 

The  way  of  pHntfinicnt  by  the  B.tttoon,  or 
Cudq^  el,  IS  thii.  They  \\zvca  jlrong  ftajf^aboitt 
fix  Foot  long,  in  the  middle  whereof  are  bored 
two  holes.  Intothefc  holes  a  Cord  is  put,  and 
the  ends  of  the  Ccrdfajlned  on  the  one  fide  the 
flaf,  with  knots,  fo  that  it  makes  <r  Loop  on  the 
ether  fide.  Into  this  Loop  of  the  Cord  both  the 
Feet  oi  the  Perfon  Condemned  to  this  Punifh- 
ment  are  put;  then  two  litsiy  Fellows,  one  at 
each  end  of  the  ftaff,  lifts  it  up  in  their  Arms,and 
twiflinv  the  fiajf  about ,  till  his  Feet  are  fafi 
pinch' d  With  the  Cord  by  the  Ankles,  they  raiie 
up  his  Feet  with  the  folcs  upwards,  well  nigh  as 
high  as  their  flioulders,  and  in  this  pofturethey 
hold  them,  the  poor  man  the  mean  while  re  fling 
only  With  hit  Neck  and  Shoulders  on  the  ground: 
Then  comes  another  lufty  ftnrdy  Knave  behind 
him ,  and  with  a  tough  jiwrt  Truncheon  gives 
him  as  many  violent  blows  on  the  foles  of  his 
Feet  as  the  Council  (hall  Order. 

But  the  Vice-Roy,  with  his  Council,  gather- 
ing from  circumftances,  and  induced  to  believe 
us  by  our  conftant ,  and  refolute  denyal  of  the 
Fa(fl,  omitted  at  prefent  any  further  punifh- 
ment,  and  only  commandedus  to  be  laid  in  chains 

Of  Great  Mercy.  3^ 

in  the  Vice-Roy's  Pnfon  till  our  Patrones  fhould 
demand  our  Liberty,  and  fetch  us  out.  And 
the  next  day  wc  were  both  delivered,  though 
with  differing  Fates;  As  Pharaoh's  Chief  Hut- 
Ur,  and  Chief  Baker  were  both  taken  from  Pri- 
fon,  the  one  to  be  Advanced,  the  other  to  be 
Hanged:  For  John  Randal's  Patron  being  a 
very  Termagant,  ufed  that  abfolute  and  uolimit- 
tcd  Sovereignty  which  they  pretend  to,  over 
their  Slaves,  and  Commanded  him  to  receive 
three  hundred  blows  upon  the  Soles  of  his  Feet 
with  the  Battoon,  in  manner  before  dcfcrt- 
bed :  As  for  my  felf,  when  1  was  brought  home, 
the  Spyc  that  fcized  us,  came  and  demanded 
Money  of  my  VoXion  for  his  nood  Service  (not 
reckoning  that  he  had  any  thing  of  me)  which 
put  him  into  a  moil  dcfperate  fit  of  Pairion,and 
calling  me  Dog  and  Jew,  andaHto  naught, com- 
manded-mc  to  go  work,  in  the  Looms  with  two 
other  Enojifi-r/ien  that  were  Slaves,  and  Lm- 
nen-cloath  Weavers  :  But  alas,  I  was  a  very 
bungler,  and  undcrftood  nothing  of  the  Craft 
and  Myflery  of  Weaving  more  or  lefs ;  but 
there  I  wrought  till  I  had  fpoylcd  all  that  I  laid 
my  Hands  on :  Now,  when  he  faw  that  my  la- 
bour this  way  would  not  turn  to  Account.,  he 
rated  me  for  a  Loggerhead,  and  bad  me  fll 
Quills  for  the  other  two  ;  being  now  degraded 
from  a  bundling  Weaver  tO  an  exx client  ^ller  of 
Quills,  I  continued  about  a  Moneth ;  my  Shop 
all  this  while  lay  at  flxcs  andfcvens,  what  was 



3  8  A  Small  Momimcnt 

become  of  it  I  knew  not,  and  diirrt:  not  for  niy 
Life  difcover  any  dcfirc  to  return  to  that  em- 
ployment. At  lall,  my  Patron  asked  me  for 
the  Money  that  he  had  k'nt  me  when  I  fir{l  began 
to  Trade  :  I  Anfwered  fubiirrnvely,  that  I  had 
not  a  farthing,  all  my  fmall  Elhte  lay  in  a 
few  Goods,  and  till  they  were  Sold,  I  eould  not 
pofTibly  repay  him :  He  calls  one  of  his  Slaves, 
a  Dhth  Man,  and  Commands  him  to  go  with 
me,  and  turn  all  into  ready  Money,  and  bring 
it  him:  When  I  came  to  my  Old  Shop,  tlnre 
WM  the  Neft  t»decd,but  all  the  iitrds  vrcrcflowfi  \ 
for  in  my  abfence,  (poor  John  Randal  being 
Lame,  and  not  able  to  work,  my  Partner  fome- 
time  before  having  left  me,  and  I  confined  to 
another  Employment,  )  fomc  of  thefe  Rafcals 
had  broken  open  my  Shop,  and  thence  carried 
the  beji  of  my  Goods,  though  my  Cellar  was  Itill 
fafc,  and  fome  of  my  Goods  1  heard  of,  and  re- 
covered j  what  Money  I  had  was  hid  in  the 
Ground,  as  it  was  my  conibnt  way :  1  hat  night 
the  Dutchman  and  my  (elf  returned  to  our  Pa- 
tron, and  told  him  we  could  fell  nothing ;  where- 
upon he  re  manded  me  to  my  Shop,  tVerc  to 
Trade,  paying  him  the  two  Dollars  a  Moneth., 
as  I  had  done  before. 


Of  Crc.n  Mercy  > 


C  n 


thi  Authors  Tdtron  grovp'wg  poor^  he  is 
Solely  or  Mortgaged  to  another'^  thi 
vpondcrfnl  k,wdtiefs  that  he  found  front 
his  fecondratrotJt 

HEfe  was  nothing  yet  working  towards  a 
Deliverance,  nor  could  I  yet  fee  the  leafi: 
glymmeringofpolTibility  which  mighs  fo  much 
as  flatter  my  willing  mind  with  a  hope  of  cfca- 
ping : .  But  it's  Obferved,  that  the  Night  is  al- 
ways darkefi  towards  Day-break.;  and  God  is 
often  drawing  nearer  to  us  in  Mercy,  when  we 
conceive  he  is  departing  further  on  in  Difplea- 

My  Patron  had  hccn  finckin^  in  his  Efiate  a 
pretty  while,  the  laft  Ship  he  had  put  to  Sea 
broke  hts  backs  At  laft  he  was  grown  (infenfibly) 
fo  low ,  that  it  could  no  longer  be  daubed  ftp 
with  his  Repute,  but  he  muft  be  forced  to  fell  all 
his  Slaves  to  pay  his  Debts  :  It  was  not  much  to 
me  whither  I  was  chopt  and  ihanged;  I  might 
•change  my  Coaler,  and  my 'Goal,  but  ftill  I 
was  like  to  be  a  Prifoner  :  I  might  be  bought  and 
fold,  and  fold  again,  but  ftill  my  Condition  was 
Slavery;  yet  one  thing  racthoughj  was  comfor- 

i(J  Ji  Small  Afomment 

tabic,  that  the  hfi  InflrurAcm  of  n.y  Bondage 

was  come  into  Mifcry  as  well  as  my  fclf. 

In  the  partage  of  his  Slaves,  it  fell  to  my  Lot 
andanothen  to  bc  Aiortgaaediox  i  certain  fum 
of  Money ,  ]oymly  to  tw  Perfons ,  the  one  a 
C.ip maker,  the  other  a  Grave  Old  Gentleman, 
who  nrtiongft  his  own  People  had  the  Repute  of 
A  <-ocd  Natur'dand  moderate  PfrfoN,  {as  ^ood 
Natiirr^  and  Modcratt'on  go  at  Mgur.  )  1  he 
Day  of  Payment  c<twf  ,thc  Money  was  not  paid; 
the  Cap  maker  and  the  Old  Gentleman /"nj.f»« 
,iu  aiul  hold  us  in  Common,  but  in  a  while  they 
rcfolved  to  divtdc  m  ,  that  each  of  them  mi^h: 
know  his  ;-cpfr  Goods  and  Chattels,  and  each  of 
ui  might  know  whom  \o  Call  MaJler,,Md  vehoj'e 
vcbijllc  wc  were  bound  to  Obey  :  We  arc  both 
fiiminoncd  t6  appear  in  a  certain  place  at  mid- 
day,andmuch  ado  there  was  about  our  Dividing  : 
At  lai^  they  agreed  toCafi  Lofts  for  hi,  onely  bc- 
caufc  I  was  in  a  handfomc  way  of  Trade,  it  was 
accorded,  that  he  to  whofc  Ihare  I  (hould  fall , 
nWildJfiay  the  other  fifty  Doubles,  which,  if  I 
tomputc  aright,  is  Tomcthing  more  than  fifty 
.(liilli^igs  StcrUng.  I  Was  exceeding  fearful  I 
niould  fall  to  thisCap-malicr,  for  he  had  the 
'Character of  a  briitifi,  ill-humourd  Creature, 
'and  t'hcrfefarc  I  was  cohcern'd  to  Hft  mV  Petiti- 
on to-God;  that  feeing,  yfi\\cnthe  f^itftwuldbe 
cajfirtotheUf,  ^^  the  whole  DiffofitioH  there- 
of'is' of  Cod,  hcVduld  gi^c  rat fsrth  a gractoM 
JUt :  Whatever  there  is  ofCtntingency  as  to  us, 
•       *  there's 

Of  Great  Mercy.  ^  j 

there's  nothing  accidental  to  God.  Well,  God 
Delivered  ine  from  that  Tyrant,  and  I  was  ad- 
judged by  the  decifion  of  the  Lot  to  the  Old  Gen- 
tleman: Andifl  fhouldbcfilenthere,  I  fliould 
bethcmoft  ungrateful  wretch  Living:  I  found 
not  oncly  pity  and  compafsion  ,  but  Love  and 
FriendJJiip  from  my  New  Patron;  had  I  been 
his  Son,  I  could  not  have  met  with  more  refpeCly 
nor  been  treated  with  more  tendernefs :  I  could 
not  \m(haFriendi  better  Condition  than  I  was 
then  in,  except  my  ^onds.  Ifany  thing  could  bc 
mingled  with  \iondage  to  make  it  fweet;  if  any 
thing  could  Reconcile  Slavery  to  Nature ;  ifany 
thing  could  begeC an  Acciuiefcence  in  fuch  a  ilatc, 
I  did  not,  I  could  not  want  it.  . 

And  indeed  the  Freedom  that  I  found  in  Ser- 
vitude, the  Liberty  I  enjoyed  in  my  Bonds  was 
fo  great,  that  it  took  off  mnch  of  the  Edge  of  my 
delire  to  obtain,  and  almoft  blunted  it  Irom  any 
vigoroiu  attempt  after  Liberty,  that  carried  haz- 
ard in  it's  Face ;  till  at  lafl  I  was  awakened  upon 
this  Occafion. 

My  Patron  had  a  fair  Farm  in  the  Countrey  , 
about  twelve  miles  from  the  City,  whither  he 
took  me  along  with  him;  he  had  me  to  t  heir  Mar- 
ketsjfhewed  me  the  manner  of  them,&  at  my  re- 
turn, he  loaded  me  home  with  all  manner  of  good 
Provifions,that  I  might  make  merry  with  my  Fel- 
low-Chriftians ;  &I  had  fomc  Reafon  to  conclude 
from  his  great  kjndnefs  to  me,  that  he  intended  to 
fend  mc  thither  to'  manage  the  Farm  for  him.  I 
E  z  faw 


•  'jri  ji  Small  Monument 

tdW  now  evidently,  that  if  I  once  (Quitted  myfliepl 
I  {hould  lofc  with  it  all  mea>is,all  helps,  and  there- 
fore all  hofes  to  rid  my  fclf  out  of  this  Slavery : 
And  though  I  might  have  been  there  4  p«fy  Lordy 
and  B4>aw'd  it  over  the  reft  of  my  Felow-Ser. 
vants,  yet  Slavery  had  in  it  fomething  of  1  know 
not  what  harpwefs  that  I  could  not  hrooi.  fetters 
cf  ColddomtMcthetr Nature,  they  are  Fet- 
ters ptl:  Had  B^j.«^ff's  Cage  been  ofCJcld,  as 
'twas  of  Iron,  yet  it  was  a  Cage;  and  that  was 
provocation  enough  to  a  haughty  Sprit  to  beat 
out  his  own  Brains  againfl:  it's  Bars.    This  there- 
fore quickned  my  dull  temper,  and  I  began  to 
Refolve  to  make  an  Attempt  once  for  all.    Now 
therefore  muftering  thofc  few  Wits  Captivity 
had  left  me,  I  fet  them  on  work,  and  ran  through   , 
all  things  pofsible,  and  impofsihle  j  he  that  wtll   , 
findwhatbehasloj}^  mtfi  lool^where  'tis  not,  as    j 
'acll  as  where  'tis;  and  forming  ftratagems  in  my    . 
Head,  fomc  Idle,  and  Fain;  fome  Defperate,    , 
o\}ntxs impofsihle;  at lafi: I pitcht upon  one,  that 
feeme  d  to  mefeifabley  and  praaieable. 


Of  great  Mercy. 

SECT.    VI I  r. 



7he  ContrivMce  for  our  Efcapc,  the  Tcr- 
fans  Acquaitttecl  tvith  it,  and  alfo  thofe 
that  were  Engaged  in  it  5  fome  Debatct 
about  leaving  my  Patron. 

HAving  Formed  the  Dcfign,  or  at  IcaH-,  the 
rude  draught,  and  general  Model  of  it , 
my  firft  care  was  to  open  it  to  fome  skilful  and 
faithful  Coitnfellers,  who  might  more  imparti- 
ally difcover  to  me  it's  inconveniences,  where  it 
was  like  to  prove  leaky,  or  take  w;  d;  And 
firft,  I  acquainted  Mr.  Sprat,  our  Mmiftcr, 
with  it,  and  laid  before  him  the  whole  of  the 
Contrivance  ;  and  he  fo  far  approved  it,  that 
he  judged  it  pofjlble :  Next,  I  acquainted  one 
Robert  Lake,  a  very  wife  and  Religious  Pcr- 
fon,  who  beftowed  his  BlelTing  on  it,  and  wifh  d 
it  all  good  Succefs :  And  laftly,  I  acquainted  my 
Friend  John  Randal ,  who  approved  it :  Yet 
noneof  thefe««/^,  ot  would  run  the  rifque  of 
it's  mifcarriage.  Mr.  Sprat  was  already  deli- 
vered from  his  Patron,  and  in  a  fair  way  to  be 
abfolutely  enlarged,  in  a  more  fafe  and  Regular 
way,  for  not  long  after  our  Efcape  came  Cap- 
jain  Pack,  oi London,  and  paid  the  fixty  Dollars, 
E  3  and 

^  A  Small  Merwmtnt 

and  took  him  along  with  him  for  En>'lar,d:  John 
;?W./hadaWife,  and  Child,  and  thcfc  were 
,..  dear  fledges  to  be  left  bchwd  and  yet  too 
tender  things  to  undergo  our  Difficulties  :  ^o- 
bert  Lake  was  an  Jncent  Perfon,  and  nuther 
able  M^vely  to  be  carried  in,  nor  aihvd)  to  car- 
ry on  a  Dclfgn  that  required  much  hardmefs  of 
Body  and  Mind  to  endure,  and  much  lircngthto 
CO  through  with  it ;  we  had  nothing  niorc  from 
Them  than  Fraycrs  and  Connfels,  which  yet  was 
the  main;  and  then  my  next  care  was,  to  take 
in  Partners,  and  Accomplices  in  the  Defign 

And  herein  I  had  a  three-fold  Refped:  Firlt, 
£0  fuch  as  were  required  to  Form  the 
inftrument  of  our  Efcapc  and  Deliverance :  bc- 
condly,  to  fuch,  whofcrr_yf^,  and  approved  Ft- ^ 
deltty  I  might  prefumc  would  be  objlmately,  and .  j 
J?./,?,.«y2v/f<:m  in-concealing  it:   Thirdly,  to  ^ 
fuch!  McConragecfMind,  and  firen^th  of  , 
^<,^v  would  render  them  capable  to  purfae  the  < 
ends  of  ity  to  put  it  in  Execution,  and  go  through   i 
with  It.  n. 

But  before  I  would  reveal  the  Projedt  to  any  , 
of  them  in  particular,  I  Required  an  Oath  ot\ 
Secrefie:  Thatyvbereas  J  flwuld  now  reveal  to 
htm,  or  them,  a  matter  of  great  concernment  \o 
their  Happinefs  and  Well-fare,  they  pM  Jo- 
lemnlypromife,  andfwear,  that  in  cafe  they  did 
not  approve  it,  or  Xfould  not  ]oyn  tn  ttj  yet  they 
(Iwtild,  neither direaiy,  nor tndireaiyjor fear,, 
crfiatteryy  difcover  ih  or  the  Perfons  engage  A. ^ 

Of  Great  Mcrey.  4S 

in  it,  to  ar.y  Perfon  whatfoever.    When  a  Pro- 
iea  was  once  mentioned,  which  promitcd  in- 
Seneral  therr  Happ,nefs  .ndlVell-fare,  I  needed 
not  tell  them  in  particular  what  it  drove  at,  they 
could  fmcU  out  that  with  cafe  ^  for  what  could 
he  Good,  or  Happy  to  Slaves  withoHt   L>b^''y, 
This  Oath  therefore  they  willingly  took  -.  I  judg- 
ed fcven  Perfons  would  bc  enough  to  manai^c, 
carry  on,  and  Execute  it ;  and  therefore  except 
the  three  fore-mcntioncd,  I  communicated  it  to 
no  one  Perfon  but  thcfe  following,  who  engaged 
in  it,    though  all  of  them  did  not  go  through 
with  it.     John  Anthony,  a  Carpenter,     who 
had  been  a  Slave  ffteen  Tears ;  his  Trade  fu  - 
ficicntly(hews,  how  ufeful  he  would  prove  in 
thToein.     IVUUam  Adams    who    fmcc  h.s 
Captivity,  had  learnt  and  u^ed  ^he  Trade  of  a 
Bricklayer :  his  Serviccablcncfs  in  it  w  ill  be  evi- 
dent in  L'fequeU  he  had  been  a  Slave  eleven 
Years,     hhn  jcphs,  who  was  a  Seaman,  and 
muft  therefore  be  prefumed  one  of  the  ^™ 
in  a  Projea  of  this  Nature;   he  had  cndur.d 
Slavery  about  five  Years,     lohn--.  a  Carp  n- 
tcr,  who  was  a  skilful  Man  m  h.s  Trade,  Lully 
of  Body,  andthcreforemuftbe  a  good  Wheel 
I  this  Engine  ,  and  he   had   been  a    Save 
five  Years:  And  two  others,    whofe  Employ- 
ment  it  was  to  walh  Onall  Cloaths  at  the  Sea- 
fide,  and  thofe  had  alfo  their  parts  in  carrying  on 
the  work,  though  they  went  not  along  with  us ; 
and  W'lt'^'"Okjley,  who  prefeots  tbc  Rc^er 
£4  ^'i" 


46  A  Small  Moniimtnt 

with  this  Narrative,  who  was  taken  jiugufl  1 1.' 
1659.  and  Efcapcdjwwe  30: 1644.  thefemade 
up  the  Number  of  7.  There  arofe  a  ScmpUy 
nay,  it  amounted  to  a  ^e/lton,  whether  to  at- 
tempt an  Efcape  from  my  Patron,  one  that  fo 
dearly  Lovaime,  fo  coHrtcou/ly  treated mc,had 
fo  fairly  boHobt  me^  were  juftifiable  before  God 
and  Men/ 

And,  I.  It  might  be  a  Quertion  in  point 
of  Prudence -y  for,  where  could  I  hope  to 
mendmyfelf}  Or  better  my  Condition.'  I  might 
poflibly  find  worfe  Qnarter  in  England^  where 
the  Civil  Wars  were  now  broke  out ,  and  to 
that  height  of  cxafpcration,  that  thofc  of  the 
fame  Nation,  and,  perhaps,  Blood,  would 
hardly  giyc  ^wrrrr  of  Life  to  one  another :  If 
the  Name  of  Native  Coumrey  bcwitcht  me,  if 
That  da7.1ed  my  Eyes ;  furely  jv^f-fwr  we  are 
Well  is  our  Coumrey,  and  all  the  World  «  Home 
to  him  that  thrives  all  over  the  World :  And  why 
(hould  the  Name  of  Bondage,  why  fhould  a 
jvor*/ grate  fo  harfhly  upon  my  delicate  Spirit  ^ 
when  the  fting  of  it  was  taken  away  ?  Liberty 
is  ^good  word;  but  a  Man  cannet  buy  a  Meals 
meat  with  a  word:  And  Slavery  is  a  hard  word, 
but  it  breakj  no  mans  back,  Tboufands  are  more 
Slaves  than  I,  who  are  yet  their  own  Alafters, 
and  left  at  Liberty  than  niy  fcif,  who  have  the 
free  raks^ndran^eof  the  whole  World.  But 
yet  my  Patron's  favour  was  no  free  hold;  I  held 
pot  tny  Happy  time  in  fttfrrfit,  all  was  advo- 


Of  Great  Mercy,  47 

luntatem  Domini ;  bcfides ,  he  might  dye,  and 
leave  me  to  another ;  or  Live  to  StU  me  to  ano- 
ther, who  might  be  of  another  Charailer,  and 
then  my  Condition  would  be  therefore  worfe , 
bccaufc  I  had  known  a  be  tar. 

2.  It  might  be  QueHioned  in  point  of  Jnge- 
nitity,  how  I  could  be  fo  unworthy  to  leave  him, 
who  had  Loved  mc?  Would  not  all  that  (hould 
hear  of  it,  Condemn  me  if  ill  Nature,  to  leave 
without  taking  leave,  one  that  had  been  a  Fa- 
ther tome,  who  might  have  ufcd  the  Right  of 
it  Lord ;  and  ufcd  mc  as  a  Child,  who  might  have 
treated  mc  as  a  Slave  ?  But  really  I  thought 
there  was  more  of  M^mners  and  Conrtjlitp  in 
thcOh]c{i\or\,zh!iT\oiwci?ht ,  and  Cogency :  Stijl 
I  dwelt  with 'SAcihcch,  ai/dhad  my  Habitation 
ar^on^fi  the  Tents  ^/Kcdar  ;  and  one  thought 
of  England,  and  of  its  Liberty  and  Gofpcl  con- 
futed a  thoifand  fiich  ObyHtons  ,  and  routed 
whole  Legions  of  thefe  little  Scruples.  It  was 
no  time  to  lUnd  upon  the  Pimfliho's  of  Honour 
and  Ingenuity ;  no  time  to  Complement ,  and 
Jhatn  coiirtcjie  ;  here  was  no  Farcwcl  Patron, 
in  the  Cafe,  and  therefore  I  foon  ovcr-came  that. 

But,  3.  It  might  be  Qucftioned  in  the  Court 
of  Confcience,  whether  it  were  not  down-right 
Theft  to  with- draw  my  felf  from  hts  Service, 
who  had  bought  mc,  pAid  for  mc,  enter'' d  upon 
mc,  pcffcfs'd,  and  en]oy''d  mz,  as  his  own  pro- 
per  Coodsi  and  now  I  wits  not  mv  own,  had  no 
right  to  rpy  flfi  Whether  mignt  not  a  M^n  be 
'  •         '  fth 


48  -^  Small  Monument 

felo  de  fcy  in  jlc^ilin£  hiwfelf,  as  well  as  killing 
lArrJcip  And  whether  he  is  not  the  greater /«//- 
robber^  that  Ikals  (iw.'iy  hnnfe/f,  than  he  that 
fteals  awiyfrom  himfclf  ?  But  I  much  qucftion- 
cd  their  propriety  to  me ;  my  Patron's  Title  was 
rotten  at  the  Foundation  :  Man  is  too  Noble  a 
XHreature  to  be  made  fubjcd  to  a  deed  of  bar- 
gain and  Sale ;  and  my  con/en t  was  never  ask'd 
to  all  their  bargains,  which  is  Efentialytoacztc 
a  right  of  Dominion  over  a  Rational  Creature, 
where  he  was  not  born  a  fiibjecl.  If  I  had  for- 
feited my  Life  or  Liberty,  the  Law  might  take 
it ;  but  I  was  not  Confcious  to  my  fclf  of  any 
fiich  forfeiture,  but  that  I  was  at  my  awn  Dif- 

Thus  all  was  clear  and  quiet,  and  we  went  on 
with  our  Dcfign ,  which  I  now  fir.l:  opened  to 
them :  That  I  had  contrived  the  Model  of  a 
Boat,  which  being  formed  in  parcels,  and  after- 
wards put  together,  might,  by  the  fupcr-intcn- 
dcncyof  Divine  Providence,  proves;/  ylrk^zo 
deliver  us  out  of  the  hands  of  our  Enemies.  This 
wasfoonfaid,  and  greedily  entertained;  to  E- 
fcape  was  a  pleafant  word,  the  Name  of  Liberty 
made  Mufick  in  our  Ears,  and  our  wifhing  hearts 
danced  to  the  Tune  of  tt ;  and  a  Boat  was  as  pro- 
rniftngameans  as  any  thing  could  be  imagined  : 
But  when  once  their  thoughts  cooled,  and  came 
more  fedately  to  look  into  the  difficulties  of  it, 
they  appeared  innumerable,  and  fome  of  them 
|[J:emcd  infuDenfble  j  and  fonje  things  that  had 
-  pad 

Of  Great  Mercy.  49 

nail  currant  in  my  own  thoughts,  and  [  went 
clever  away  with  them,  without  any  rub ;  yet 
when  t'-cy  came  to  be  pierced  into  with  more 
JEyes,  an:.  fc-nnM  upon  more  Fingers,  they  were 
attended  with  confiderable  impediments :  where 
this  Boat  fhouU  be  built ,  was  one  daggering 
Queition  :    Where  it  (hould  be  Launched,    and 
where  put  to  Sea,  was  a  choaking  Objc(ftion : 
How  vvc  fhould  efcapc  thofe  y^r^/«-eyes,  which 
arc  always  obfcrvingus  by  Day,  was  a  gravel- 
ling Qucery ;  or  how  to  get  out  of  the  City  by 
Night,  whofc  Walls  are  fo  high,  whofe  Gates 
arc  fo  dofe  fliut,  and  firongly  Guarded,  was 
another  vexatious  Quxry :  How  we  fliould  be 
Rigged  and  Vi(ftuallcd  for  fuch  a  Voyage,  was 
a  confiderablc  enquiry  :  and  whither  we  Oiould 
dcfi"n,  was  not  to  be  ilighted.     But  hov/fnch  a 
littUSkjfi  rather  than  Bout,  (Tiould  be  able  10 
yVeathcr  all  the  Accidents  of  the  Sea,  was  4 
Netk^Qj*eflion,  enovghto Jirangle Faith,  and 
flifle  Hi  with  Defp.-'ir. 

To  thefc  Objedions ,  I  Anfwered.  That  1 
had  dtCgncd  r,y  own  Cellar,  as  the  mcetcll  place 
wherein  to  bialdihe  Boat ;  that  when  it  was  there 
Built,  it  might  be  taken  j^p/Vm  ^^^.w;,  and  car- 
ried out  of  the  City  m  parcels,  and  beflowed  m 
private  places  till  things  were  npefer  Executi- 
on. That  for  a  place  where  to  put  to  Sea,  it 
would  be  time  enough  to  dctennine  upon  that 
when  we  had  finifh'd  our  Vcflc! :  That  M^york, 
^vas  the  mqft  commodious  place  to  defign  to 

50  ^  SmAll  Aioiiument 

Land  in :  But  in  general  I  told  them  to  this  pur- 
fofc ;  That  if  wc  never  attempted  any  thing  till 
we  had  Anfwered  tfllObjeiHons,\ve  muit  fit  with 
our  Fingers  in  our  Mouths  all  our  days,and  pine, 
and  languifli  out  our  tedious  Lives  in  Bondage: 
Let  Hi  be  up  and  doings  and  God  would  be  with 
iu.  To  bey  in  w  one  half  of  our  work^ :  Let  US 
make  an  Eflay,  and  Anfwer  particular  OhjcCii- 
onsastheyOfTcr'dthemfclves,  and  as  we  met 
with  them  in  our  work.  That  the  Projed  had 
it  J  difficulties  J  was  confclTcdj  but  what  has 
not,  that  is  Commendable,  and  GlortoM  ?  Yet 
whatever  difficulties  and  dangers  we  could  meet 
with,  Liberty^  kept  in  our  iye^  would  fweeten 
the  dangers  wc  might  encounter  in  Attempting. 
They  were  all  well  fatisfied  with  what  was  faid, 
and  all  engaged  to  venture  the  utmoil  they  were, 
*iw<^^rf</,  toaccomplifhit. 


Of  Great  Mercy. 
SECT.     IX. 

II       f:     ' 

The  Model  of  the  Boat ^ ^Carrying it  out  of 
the  City^  And  bcfiomng  it  in  conveni- 
ent Places. 

IN  the  Cellar  where  wc  had  Worfhip'd  God, 
•  we  began  our  Work ;  and  it  was  not  the  Ho- 
linefs,  but  the  Privacy  of  the  place  that  invited 
us,  and  advifcd  us  to  it.  And  firfl,  we  provi- 
ded apiece  of  Timber. about  twelve  Foot  long, 
to  maks  the  Keel:  But  bccaufe  it  was  impolTibIc 
to  convey  a  piece  of  Timber  of  that  length  out 
of  the  City,  but  it  mull  be  feen ;  and  of  that 
Ihape,  but  it  muil  be  fufpe^ed,  and  that  Sufpi- 
on  would  bring  us  into  Examination ,  and  the 
Rack.,  or  B-ntoon  might  extort  a  Confeffwn  out 
of  the  moft  refolved,  and  ehjlinate  breaji  y  wc 
therefore  cut  it  in  two  pieces^  and  fitted  it  for 
Joynting,  juft  in  the  middle.  Our  next  cue 
was  the  Timbers ,  or  Ribs  of  the  Boat,  which 
v/c  contrived  thus ;  every  one  of  the  Timbers 
was  made  of  three  pieces,  and  joyntcd  in  two 
f  laces,  bccaufe  a  whole  Rib  at  its  full  length  , 
would  be  lyablcto  the  fame  inconveniences  with 
the  Keel.  Now  undcrftand,  that  the  joynts  of 
the  Ribs  were  no:  made  with  AUrtice,  andTe. 


^  ^  A  Small  Monument 

ifotty  but  the  flit  fide  of  one  of  the  three  pieces 
was  laid  over  the  other,  and  two  holes  were  bo- 
red at  every  joynt,  into  which  two  Natls  wcxd 
to  be  put,  when  wc  fhouid  '^oyn  the  parcels  of  our 
Boat  together  :  You  mult  undcrfland  further  , 
that  iheje  two  holes  at  every  joynt  were  not  made 
in  AJfrait  line^parttLel  With  the  fides  of  the  pieces, 
for  then  the  three  pieces,  which  make  one  Rib, 
being  joyncd  together  would  have  made  one 
Jirait  piece;  a  Form  which  would  by  no  means 
comport  with  the  life  and  Dcfign  of  the  Tim- 
bers; But  fo,  that  when  hoth  the  Nails  were  in 
the  holes,  each  Joynt  would  make  ««  ebtiife  tin- 
gle, and  fo  incline  fo  near  towards  a  Semi-Circu- 
Jar  Figure,  as  our  Occafion  required.  All  this 
while  here  is  no  vifible  Prcvifion  made  for 
hoards,  to  cloath  the  naked  Ribs  of  our  Boat, 
without  which,  the  Keel  and  Timbers  looked 
but  like  an  ufelcfs  Anatomy ;  but  neither  had 
we ,  nor  was  it  pofTiblc  we  fhouid  have  any 
boards  in  our  Veficl:  t^cccjfny  is  the  belt  Arti- 
ficer when  all  is  done,  if  we  except  her  Silter 
ContiJigcncy  ;  to  which  two  the  World  has  been 
behoMen  for  the  molt  ufeful  Inventions,  which 
at  this  day  do  eafe  the  Labour  and  Toyl  of  wea- 
ried Mankind.  For  the  Joynting  of  thefe  boards, 
and  the  Nailing  of  them,  to  make  the  Boat  Wa- 
tertite,  would  require  fuch  Hammerings  and 
that  Hammering  would  make  fwh  a  clamcurom 
Echo  in  the  Cellar,  as  mull  have  drawn  upQn 
us  the  Jealous  Eyes  of  the  jilgerints,  who 

Of  Great  Mercy.  J  % 

about  their  Wives  and  Slaves  are  infiipportably 
fiifpicioiu  .•  And  therefore  from  the  firlt  Con- 
ception of  the  Dcfign,  I  always  refolved  upon 
a  CanvM  :  In  purfuancc  of  which  thought,  be- 
in"  all'fatisfied  that  it  was  praatcMe;\vc  bought 
aslnuch  ftrong  Canvas  as  would  cover  our  Boat 
twice  over,    upon  the  Convex  of  the  Carine. 
We   provided  alfo  as  much  Pitch,  Tar,  and 
Tallow  as  would  ferve  to  make  it  a  kind  of /« 
Tarpawltn  Sear-cloath ,    to  fwaddle  the  n^ked 
body  of  onr  Infant-Boat  :  With  Earthen  Pots 
to  melt  done  our  Materials  in ;  and  prcfixt  a 
night  wherein  we  might  Execute  that  part  of  our 
Labour      The  two  Carpenters,  and  my  fclf  were 
appointed  to  this  Service,  and  the  Cellar  was 
the  place  where  we  met.    Matters  had  hither- 
to run  on  very  evenly,  and  fmootlily,  but  here 
we  met  with  fome  difcouragmp  rubs.    For  when 
we  had  ftopt  all  the  Chinks  and  Crannies  of  the 
Cellar,  that  thefteame  of  the  melted  Materials 
might  not  creep  out,  and  betray  us,  (there  be- 
ing no  Chimney, )  we  had  not  been  long  at  our 
work  before  1  felt  my  felf  exceeding  fick,  with 
the  ftrong, -and  unufual  fcent  of  the  melted  Li- 
quor ;  I  was  forced  to  go  out  into  the  ftreets  to 
oafp  for  breath,  where  meeting  with  the  cool 
^/r,  it  overcame  me,  Lfwooned,  fell  down, 
brake  my  Face,  and  there  lay :  My  Compa- 
nions miifing  me,  made  out  to  feek  me,  found 
me  in  this  fad  plight,  and  carried  me  m  again  , 
though  exceeding  fick,  and  unferviceable.  They 


I  ■ 


A  Small  Aionument 
had  not  proceeded  much  further  before  I  heard 
one  of  them  complain  he  was  fick,  and  cou'd 
proceed  no  further ,  and  now  our  work  Itood 
ftill  .•  I  plainly  faw  that  our  hopeful  Pro]e[ly  that 
had  hitherto  fo  fraoothly  proceeded,  mud  needs 
mifcarry,  and  prove  Abortive;  for  it  would  be 
impofTible  to  finifh  it  thif  mght :  and  if  we  once 
farted,  and  fuffcred  our  Spirits  ro  cool  over  the 
Defigtty  they  would  never  ceafc  cooling  till  they 
were  jhnecold,  and  bard  frozen  \  and  there- 
fore I  advifed  to  fet  open  the  Door,  and  coni- 
mit  our  felves,  and  our  work  to  Gods  Prutecfti- 
on  :  For  I  told  them  they  could  not  but  know", 
that  //  any  Difcovery  were  made ,  the  burden 
would  fall  heaviefi  upon  rr.y  JJjoulders. ;  and  my 
Mack,  or  Feet  mnfi  pay  for  all.  At  length,  we 
refolved  to  fet  the  Ceilar-door  wide  open,  and 
as  foon  as  that  was  done,  and  the  fteame  pretty 
well  gone  out,  we  came  to  our  felves  again,cou- 
tigioufly  went  on  with  our  bufinefs,  and  pitched 
one  half  that  Night.  The  next  Night  we  met 
again,  fet  open  the  Door,  and  whilft  they  plyed 
the  work,  I  ftood  Sentinel  at  the  Door  to  give 
Notice  of  approaching  danger ;  but  wc  happily 
finifh"d  the  whole,  and  while  it  was  yet  dark , 
carried  it  to  my  Shop,  which  was  about  a  Fur- 
long from  the  Cellar,  and  there  at  prefent  fecu- 
red  it. 

I  fhall  notqueftion  the  Readers  Ingenuity  fo 
much ,  but  that  he  will  fuppofe  there  goes  a 
Meat  deal  mere  to  a  ^oat  than  I  have  defcribcd j 


Of  Great  Mercy.  55- 

but  what  (hould  I  trouble  him  with  thofe  things 
that  are  common  to  all  other  Boats,  I  mention 
oncly  what  was  peculiar  to  oiir  own;  and  I  do 
not  intend  to  trouble  him  with  the  Boat-wri^ht  s 

In  our  Cellar  we  fitted  all  things,  we  made 
the  T'mbcrs  fit  to  the  Keel,  and  the  Canvas  fit 
for  the  Timbers,  and  the  Scats  fit  to  the  whole, 
and  then  took  all  in  pieces  again,  and  laying  our 
Heads  together,  plotted  how  to  convey  all  out 
of  the  Town,  and  lodge  them  in  fecure  and  tru- 
fty  places. 

And  fird,  for  oar  iCeel,  wc  all  with  unani- 
mous confcnt  judged  IVill.  yid.^ms  the  fitte't 
Perfon  to  Execute  that  part  of  the  Dcfign,  for 
he  had  long  Excrcifcd  the  Trade  of  a  Brick-Iay- 
cr,  and  his  Employment  lay  much  without  the 
Town,  and  befiJes  he  ufcd  fuch  pieces  in  level- 
ling his  work.  He  therefore,  accoutred  with 
his  Apron  before  him,  his  Trowel  tn  his  hand^anc 
one  of  the  pieces  upon  his  (lioulder,  undertook 
it,  and  without  the  lea(l  Obfcrvation  went  cle- 
verly away  with  it,  and  as  he  faw  his  Opportu- 
nity, hiJ  it  in  the  bottom  ofa  Hedge  ;  and  not 
long  after  conveyed  out  its  Fellow,  and  Lodged 
it  in  the  fame  place.  This  fuccceding  fo  hap- 
pily, we  faw  no  great  difficulty  /«  ih:  Timbers, 
for  we  put  one  nail  into  a  hole  of  every  jopr,and 
then  you  will  eafily  conceive,  that  the  two  ex_ 
treme  pieces  of  one  Rih  being  folJcd  inward^ 
upon  the  middlcmojl,  will  lye  tn  the  room  of  on ^ 
F  ./ 


e6  A  Small  Monument 

of  the  pieces  for  length,  excepting  that  little  that 
the  oidscf  I'ich  piece  were  beyond  the  holes: 
Now,  by  general  confcnt,  the  conveying  thefo 
out  of  the  City  was  committed  to  one,  whofe 
Employment  was  to  wafh  fmall  C!oaths  by  the 
Sea-fide  :  He  puts  them  into  his  bag  amongit  his 
Cloaths,  andfo  very  ordcrlycarried  them  out, 
and  hid  them  where  he  could  find  moj}  commodt- 
oiti  fiowaf^e,  hut  yet  wtih  Refpe[i  to  nearnefs  to  p/,rcc\vhcrc  the  Keel  was  laid. 

But  how  to  convey  our  TarpawUn  fafc  out  of 
Townfeemcd  molt  difficult ;  by  Night  it  was 
impolTible,  and  by  Day  the  difficulties  very  con- 
fidcrable,  and  the  danger  proportionable ;  for  the 
Gates  arc  ftri(fHy  watch'd,  thc5rrm;  crowded, 
the  Spies  Pickeertno  in  every  corner,  and  the 
bidk^  of  the  CarwM  thus  drcffed  was  very  great. 
To  divide  It  had  been  to  nune  our  fclves,  for  no 
pitching  together  again,  could  fo  cheat  the  fear- 
chin^  water,  but  it  would  find  out  the  needle- 
hole).  At  laft  we  ventured  upon  this  way ;  wc 
put  it  into  a  large  Sack,  and  committed  it  to  him 
that  ufed  to  wafi)  Cloaths ,  and  left  any  fhould 
clap  a  jealous  hand  upon  it,  we  put  a  Pillow  ovet 
our  Canvas  within  the  Bag,  that  fo  its  foftnefs 
might  delude  the  Inquifitor,  and  make  it  pafs 
for  Cloaths.  Let  none  defpife,  or  condemn  thcfc. 
as  low,  n.ean  pieces  of  contrivance,  for  we  had 
not  Polititiaris  tools  towork^  withal:,  but  the  Icfs 
wzs  our  Policy,  the  more  glorious  docs  tbewif 
(torn  of  God  Ihine  in  fucceeding  it,  and  yet  even 


Of  Great  Aiercy,  ej 

that  little  Policy  wc  were  guilty  of,  was  of  i 
beftowin^'Mo  ;  what  of  fin  was  in  all  of  it,  was 
mtixc\y  our  own;  what  of  PotVf  r,  Wifdoni,and 
Siiccefs,  was  all  his  :  But  our  Agent  cfcaped 
happily  with  it,  and  Lodging  it  in  a  fccret  place, 

Wc  had  yet  many  things  to  provide,  and 
Oars  arc  abfolutely  ncccHary,  they  were  of  the 
Quorum  to  an  Efcape  by  Sea  :  As  Finns  arc  the 
fijhes  Oars,  foOars  are  the  Boats  Finns,  by 
help  whereof  fhe  makes  her  way  :  Now,  to 
fupply  this  defed,  wc  took  two  Pipe-flaves,mA 
flitting  them  a  crofs  from  corner  to  corner  with 
a  Handfaw,  we  made  of  each  Pipc-ihft"  two 
Rude  things,  which  NccefTity  was  pleafed  to 
entitle  The  blades  for  a  pair  of  Oars,  and  thefc 
were  eafily  conveyed  out,without  fufpition. 

Next,  we  confidcred,  that /'/-ot////o«  mufl  be 
laid  in  for  o//r  AVy.?^f ;  and  therefore  wc  provi- 
ded iz/w<j//,  and  but  a  fmall  cjHantity  of  'heal, 
prefumingour  Itay  at  Sea  mufl  be  but  fhort; 
for  cither  we  ihould  fpccdily /-^cowr  Land,  or 
fpccdily  be  drown'd,  or  fpecdily  be  brouq^ht  back^ 
affain:  Two  Goats  skins  alio,  itript  off  whole, 
and  fo  Tann'd  (  a  kin  i  of  Bottle  much  ufed  by 
the  Al^erines  to  carry  Milk  and  Water  in  )  we 
had,  which  we  lined  with  frejh  water,  and  we 
knowr^^rr  mu.t  wccdsbe  a  ^reat  Rarity  in  the 

We  remeinbred  alfo  that  a  Sail  might  be  of 

right  .good  ufe  to  us  for  Expedition,  ani  thcre- 

F  2  fore 


^  g  A  Small  Monument 

fore  \vc  boiigl  t  IS  much  Canvaas  would  y^3- 
Jwer  t"d,  and  when  fonie  Difputc  was 
mule  about  can  yiiig  it  out,  I  Offered  to  under- 
take r/j.jr /.i.*/pr; .;/ owr  work^:  1  had  not  gone 
a  quarter  of  a  Mile,  but  as  1  cafr  my  wary  eye 
hjck,  I  efpycd  the  f^me  Sptc,  who  oace  before 
\  id  feizcd  me,  and  given  me  trouble,  follow- 
i.i^inc  very  roundly."  My  Heart  began  to  akcj 
I  was  loth.!  Defignof  fo  near,  ard  dear  con- 
icrn^  to  alt  of  m,  (liould  be  brought,  to  the 
Bpth,  .ind  there  jlionld  be  no  jhength  tobnn_'T 
forth.  It's  fad,  after  n  Voyage,  to  Ship- wrack 
in  the  Haven,  butme-thought  it  was  n.ore  fad 
tofiuk^n  reffel before  it  could  be  Launched:  /,nd 
here  1  firil  found  the  difference  between  hwo- 
cciice  and  Ctnlt  ^  for  how  boldly  could  I  hold  up 
my  Headtorfcw5p/f,  andhis^f/rfr;,  (atleaft, 
hs  Maftcrs)  wheni  was  not  Confcious  of  any 
■fuch  Difgn  in  hand  ?  Whereas  now  tl  c  Fc- 
flcaion  of  tny  Confcicnce  was  enough  to  write 
a  ink  mtry  Coiuitcn.ince,  (forfomc  things  arc 
fin  there  which  arc  not  fo  in  other  pbces ; )  and 
thij  had  betray 'd  me,  had  I  not  fuddenly  pluckt 
up  mv  Spirits,  and  fpyingan  En/It jh-ma?i  wafh- 
ing  Cioaths  by  the  Sea,  I  went  the  ready  way  to 
him,  and  defii  ed  him  to  help  me  walh  that  Can- 
vas ;  as  wc  were  wafhing  it,  the  learing  Spye 
cnme.  and  flood  upon  the  Rock  jufl  over  our 
Heads  to  watch  our  motions :  As  foon  as  we  had 
a  little  formJIy  wafh'd  it,  to  caft  a  Mill:  before 
his  Obfcrving  Eycs,I  took  the  Canvas  and  fpread 

Of  great  Mercy.  5  j 

it  before  his  Face  upon  the  top  of  the  Rock  to 
dryj  he  ftaid  his  own  Time,  and  then  march'd 
off.  But  I  was  as  Jealous  of  Iiim,  as  he  could 
be  of  me  for  his  Heart-,  and  therefore  fcarinc* 
he  might  lye  in  Ambufh  for  mc,  took  it  when 
'twas  dry,  and  very  fairly  carried  it  back  in'o 
the  City,  and  faithfully  acquainted  my  Accom- 
plices how  the  Matter  fquared.  Th'S  Difcoura- 
ged  them  not  a  little,  for  that  they  fccincd  timo- 
rous to  proceed  in  the  Enterprizc. 

Atlalt  we  comforted,  and  encouraged  one 
another,  and  entred  into  ciofe  Counfel ;  where 
we  fhould  meet  that  Ni^ht  ?  At  wh.'.t  time  ? 
Where  we  fhould  fitt  our  ^oat  together.,  and 
where  fut  to  Sea  ?  The  Time  was,  an  hour  with- 
in Night;  the  Rendevoux  on  a  Hill-,  about 
half  a  Mile  from  the  Sea;  and  fo  wc  d  fperfed, 
fome  one  way,  fomc  another ;  and  privily  lurk- 
ing in  Hedges  and  Ditches,  lay  clofc  till  the  time 

There  is  one  thing  that  the  Reader  will  be 
ready  to  ask,  and  I  ihall  be  r^ore  ready  to  An- 
fwer  him  for  a  fpecial  Reafon :  viz..  What  I 
did  with  my  Shop  and  Goods  ?  W  hen  I  had  once 
Refolved  upon  this  Adventure,  and  faw  it  go  on 
hopefully,  I  gave  my  Patron  my  wonted  Vifits, 
kept  fair  Correfpondence,  paid  him  his  demands 
duly,  but  fecretly  I  made  off  my  Goods  as  fall 
as  I  could,  and  turn'd  all  into  ready  Money  .•  I 
had  a  Trunk,  for  which  John  Anthony  made  me 
I  fal ft  bottom;  into  which  I  put  what  ii'.veror 
F  3  Goli 




^o  A  Small  Monnment 

Gold  1  had  •  and  into  the  Body  of  the  Trunk  , 
what  ever  it  would  /jcW,and  was  worthy  holding  : 
This  Trunk  I  committed  privately  to  the  Fidelity 
of  ourdcarMinilkr,  Mr.  Sprat -^  he  took  the 
charge  of  it,  and  he  was  now  ready  to  receive: 
his  full  Difcharge.  This  Trunk  he  F^uhfully 
Secured,  and  carefully  brought  over,  and  as  ho- 
neflly  delivered  to  me  when  he  heard  I  was  conic 
fafe  to  London-,  and  1  was  willing  to  move  that 
Quejiton,  merely  for  the  Atifvuers  fttke-,  whicli 


Of  CrtAt  Mercy. 

SECT.    X. 

The  putting  of  our  Boat  together,  the  Dif- 
ficulties vpc  metwiththcrcin-i  and  our 
putting  out  to  Sc.i,  June  30.   1644. 

AS  foonas  wc  were  met  all  together  at  the 
appointed  place, wc  began  to  think  of  I'.x- 
ccuting  our  long  intended  Dclign ;  but  wc  were 
Divided  in  our  Counfels,  where  to  begin  our 
work :  It  had  been  a  Queftion  propounded  be- 
fore, and  we  thought  wc  had  fully  Refolved  upon 
the  place ;  but  at  our  Nketing  wc  were  lir.wgcly 
dtfcompofed :  There  '^cxc two pUccs  which  fl:ood 
in  Competition,  each  pretending  good  Conve- 
niences for  that  end.  The  one  was  .(//<//,  al.out 
half  a  Mile  from  the  Sea  ;  the  other  was  it  ral- 
ley,  cncompaflcd  with  two  Hedges,  about  a 
Furlong  from  the  Hill,  but  of  the  fame  diftancc 
with  it  from  the  Sea  :  It  was  urged  for  the  Val- 
ley, that  it  was  a  place  of  r/}ore  Secrecy  and  Pri- 
vacy, lefs  obvious  to  view  \  but  then  it  was  ob- 
je(fted,  that  we  might  there  be  furprizcd,  and 
feiz.ed  by  the  Clutches  of  our  Enemies,  e'rc  wc 
could  have  notice  to  fhift  for  our  felvcs  .•  For  the 
Hill,  it  had  been  Argued,  that  we  might  there 
make  better  Difcovery  of  Danger,  and  nutke 
Provifwi  to  avoyd  it ;  and  in  (horc,  we  all  agreed 
F  4  ovit 


62  u4  Smiill  Afoniimcnt 

ncr  mgl:t.,  to  put  our  Boat  together  nfon  the 
J  Jill  ;  promifing  our  fclvcs  muth  Advant.igc 
Uomiti  Sitti.iiitou  :  But  when  wc  were  met, 
wc  all  altered  our  Rcfolution  wuhcut  any  rijitle 
ilajon,  and  carried  it  for  the  Valley  :  God  is 
nnieh/w//;f  d.i)k^tett)^  but  all  our  ways  «^f  /« 
the  open  Light  to  him.  It  s  very  ditTicult  to  give 
an  Account  \vh,:t  Gcdis  dumg  at  \  rcfcnt,  but  wc 
fhall  know,  if  wc  can  but  patiently  wait  till  fit- 
t;i  c  I'rovidthccs  Comment  upcn  the 
And  in  a  while  wc  faw  thcRcafon  why  Cod  over- 
ruled our  purpofcs. 

We  had  hid  fcvcral  of  our  Materials  near  the 
top  of  W;f/y///,  where  alio  grew  a  fma II  Fig-tree, 
which  wc  had  marked  with  our  Lye,  as  Judging 
it  would  beufeful  to  (IrengthentheKcelof  our 
Boat :  Two  of  our  Company  were  immediately 
difpatchtto  faw  down  this  Ft^-Trcc,  and  bring 
it,  and  the  pare  Is  of  our  Boat  there  difpofited, 
away  with  them  :  They  were  hardly  come  to 
the  place,  bi;t  we  heard  Dogs  bark  about  the 
top  of  the  Kill,  and  indeed  two  Men  with  Dogs 
came  very  near  them  ■,  but  our  Men  being  aware, 
lay  clofc  and  ftill,  and  fo  they  palTed  by  without 
making  any  Difcovery,  and  then  our  Men  be- 
itirr'd  thcmfelves,  and  brought  away  the  Fig- 
Tree,  and  the  other  Materials,  and  returned  to 

And  now  wehadonccmore  brought  the  fcat- 
tcr'd  Limbs  of  our  Boat  into  one  place,  which, 
JUve  Uiole  ot  AIH)niUj  had  been  diffcrfcd  up 

Of  Great  Mercy.  (,  5 

and  down  the  Fields :  It  was  no  time  to  trif  c , 
and  therefore  wc  all  buckle  to  our  work  in  good 
carnefi: :  But  we  were  fo  niih  fomc  that  were  at 
work  in  the  Ne  ghbouring  Gardens,  that  wc 
could  hear  them  (peak,  and  therefore  mull  needs 
fuppofe  they  might  hear  us  too;  and  therefore 
wc  /(Tied  by  Signs,  and  pointed,  and  pulled, 
andno.lded,  but  were  ^/Z  yJ-Z/./f^ :  Itmighthivc 
been  an  Expedient  for  the  Builders  ot  Babel, 
■  when  their  Languages  were  Divided ,  to*  have 
carried  on  their  grcit  Projed  by  Signs  ^  but  cer- 
tainly there  was  Confufiun  poured  out  nfon  their 
Hearts  and  Cvunfels,  as  well  as  Divifion  in  their 
Tongues  and  Languages. 

The  tu'o  parts  of  our  Keel  wc  foon  joyncd  ; 
then  opening  the  Timbers,  had  abeady 
one  JS/ailtn  every  Joynt,  wc  groped  out  for //;(? 
ether  hole,  and  put  its  Nail  into  it  :  Then  wc 
opcnd  them  at  their  full  length,  and  applyed 
them  to  the  top  of  the  Keel,  failning  them  with 
Hope-Tarn,  and  fmall  Cords;  and  fo  we  ferved 
all  the  Joynts  to  keep  thcm/jrw  andftable ;  then 
we  bound  f,jall  Canes  all  along  the  Ribs  length- 
ways, both  to' keep  the  Kihsfrottjvering,  and 
alfo  to  bear  out  the  Camas  very  fltff  again fl  the 
frefftng  Water :  Then  WC  made  Notches  upon 
the  ends  of  the  Ribs,' or  Tttr.birs,  wherein  the 
Oars  night  plye ;  and  having  tycd  down  the  SeatSi 
and  flrengthncd  our  Keel  with  the  Fig-Tree,  we 
lalily  drew  on  our  double  Canvas  Cafe,  already 
fitted :,znd  really  the  Convm  kemdilVtnding- 





A  SmAll  Monument 

jheet  for  our  Eoaf^  and  our  ^oat  a  Coffin  for 
tu  all. 

This  done,  four  of  our  Company  took  it  upon 
their  flioulders,  and  carried  it  down  towards  the 
Sea,  which  was  about  half  a  Mile  off.-  It  was 
a  little  Rcprcfcntation  of  a  Funeral,  to  fee  the 
four'Qcarers  Marching  in  deep  fiiencc.withfome- 
thing  very  like ,! /^fry?,  a>id  Coffin,  upon  their 
flioulders,  and  the  rcfl  of  us  decently  attcnauig  ■ 
the  Ceremony,  huiwew.inted  Torches,  and  be*- 
fidcs,  it's  not  ufual  for  any  to  wait  upon  their  own 
Coffins  :  But  wc  durit  not  grudge  our  Boat  that 
ffy.^ll,  and  Lift  Office,  to  carry  it  half  a  Affile, 
for  we  expeded,  it  fhould  repay  us  that  Ser- 
vice and  Civility  with  Intercit,  in  carrying  us 
?rany  a  League  :  We  Carried  it  at  Land,  where 
it  could  Hotfwim ;  that  it  might  carry  us  at  Sea, 
where  we  could  not  walk,  As  we  went  along, 
they  thit  were  in  the  Gardens  heard  us  pifling 
by,  and  called  to  us,  who  comes  there  f  But  it' 
was  dark,  and  we  hid  no  mind  to  prate,  and 
therefore  without  an,  AnlVcr,  wc  filcntly  held 
on  our  way. 

When  wc  came  to  the  Sca-fidc,  wc  immedi- 
ately itript  our  fclvcs  naked,  and  putting  our 
Cloaths  into  the  Boat,  carried  it,  and  them,  as 
far  into  the  Sea  as  we  could  wade ;  and  this  wc 
did,  led  ct4r  tender  Boat  fliould  be  torn  again  ft 
the  Stones  or  Rockj ;  and  then  all  fcven  of  us 
got  into  her :  But  here  wc  foon  found  how  our 
Skill  in  Calculating  the  Lading  of  our  V'efTel  fail- 

Of  Great  Mercy.  6$ 

cd  us :  For  wc  were  no  fooncr  Embarqued, 
but  fhc  was  ready  to  fink  under  us,  the  water 
coming  in  over  the  fides ;  fo  that  once  again  wc . 
mult  entertain  new  Counfels  •,  at  laft,  one,  whofc 
Heart  mojl  failed  htm,  was  willing  to  fhut  out, 
and  rather  hazard  the  uncertain  Torments  of  the 
Land,  than  certainly  be  drown' d  at  Sea ;  then 
■  we  made  a  fecond  Experiment,  but  ftill  fhe  was 
fo  deep  Laden,  that  wc  all  concluded  there  was 
no  venturing  out  to  Sea  :  At  length,  another 
went  afliore,  and  then  flic  held  up  her  Head  ve- 
ry ftoutly,  and  feem'd  hearty  enough  for  our 

It  was  time  now  to  commit,  and  Commend 
our  felves,  and  Veflelto  the  Protedion,  and 
Condud  of  that  God  who  Rules  the  Winds  ay:d 
the  Waves,  andwhofe  Kingdom  is  in  the  dcip 
Waters,  irr.ploring  Alercyfur  the  Pardon  of  oi-.r 
Sins,  and  refigntng  itj>  our  Souls  to  Cod-,  •«  '/ 
we  had  been  prefently  to  Suffer  Death  iy  the 
Hand  of  the  Executioner.  And  taking  our 
Solemn  Farewell  of  our  two  Companions, 
whom  wc  left  behind,  and  wifiiing  them  as 
much  Happinefs  as  could  bc  hoped  for  in 
Slavery ,  and  they  to  us  as  long  a  Life  as 
could  be  expcded  by  Men  going  to  their 
Graves;  we  Lannched  out,  upon  the  thir- 
tieth day  of  June  ,  in  the  Year  of  our 
Lord  ,  One  Thoufand,  Six  Hundred,  Forty, 
and  Four  :  A  Night  for  ever'  to  bc  re- 



(i<3  A  Small  Monument 

mcmbrcd  by  his  poor  Creatures  ,  who  arc 
cur  fclvcs  Lrcc.t  Monuments  of  Divine  Pro- 
vidence ,  and  do  fct  up  this  Little  Monu- 
rrent  of  his  Goodncfs  and  Mercy,  tharmay 
furvive  us,  and  bear  up  the  Name  of  God 
to  after-times ,  that  by  us  Men  may  Learn 
to  fut  their  Trufl  in  God :  And  the  Bill  of 
Lading  is  as  followcth;  John  Anthony^  WU- 
ham  Adamj,  John  Jephs,  John-—  Carpenter, 
and  Wtllmm  Ok^ley. 


Of  Great  Mercy. 

SECT.     X  r. 


7/.1C  grcctt  Extrcvtitics  nv  Endured  at  Sea 
for  SixD.tjif,  tinci  Sights,  iviththcCo- 
jnctdcfit  Providences  of  Cod  that  ap- 
peared for  its  itionr  Extremities,  and 
our  Mir  ant  lo  Its  Landirg  rff  Mayork, 
'July  6.   1644. 

WE  arc  now  out  at  Sea  without  HeIm,or 
Pilot ;  without  Anchor ,  Tackle,  or 
Ccmpifs  ;  but  God  was  thfe,  all  tbcfe,  and 
more  than. ill  thefc.  Our  Number  was  Small, 
our  Work  was  Creat,  we  could  not  afford  one 
Idle  Hand,  not  one  Idle  Ffocr  :  Four  of  the 
Company  continually  wrought  at  the  Oars;  and 
indeed  wcir>-o//.;/;f /i/r  o;(r  Lrjcj ,  and  then  I 
fhall  not  need  to' fay  how  m  n-roKfIn  :  But  this 
1  IJutll  fay,  I  an  trnly  fay  it,  1  never  faw  ibength 
fo  drained,  nor  the  utmolt  of  what  Nature 
could  do  iorL-fe  ^W  L^im>,  exerted  fo  much 
>n  all  my  Life.  The  Employment  of  the  hfth 
Man  was  more  eafie,  but  no  Icfs  nece(rary,which 
was  to  free  the  Boat  of  that  Water ,  which  by 
Degrees  leak'c  through  our  Canvas. 

We  Labourd  the  harder  thit  Nig^t,hcai\x\c 
we  would  eladly  be  out  of  the  Ken  of  our  Old 



C  8  A  Small  Monument 

Maflcrs  ^^  Z).7 ;  but  when  Day  appcar'd,  wc 
were  yet  within  figh:  of  thcirShips,that  lay  in  the 
Haven,  and  Road,  and  off  the  Land  :  But  our 
Boat  being  fmall,  and  lying  clofc,  and  fnug  up- 
on the  Sea,  cither  was  not  at  ail  Difcovercd,or 
clfc  fccmed  fomcthing  that  was  not  worth  the 
taking  up:  A  httlc  hope  in  the  midft  oi  great 
Fears^  made  us  double,  and  redouble  our  Di- 
ligence; wctugg'd  at  the  Oars  like  thofe  who 
zrcChjin'dto  the  G allies^  becaufe  we  had  no 
mind  to  be  Slaves  to  our  Old  Patrones  in  thctr 

But  upon  all  Occafions  we  found  our  want  of 
fore  call,  for  now  our  Bread,  which  was  to  be 
thc/lafi  of  our  decayed  ftrcngth,  had  lien  foak- 
ing  in  the  Salt  water,  like  a  drunken  Toafl  fopt 
in  Brine,  and  was  quite  fpoyled  :  And  our  frefh 
water  in  the  Bottles  itank  of  the  Tanned  Skins , 
and  Owze, having  lyen  fobbing  in  the  Salt  water, 
which  made  it  naufcous  :  But  yet  that  hope  that 
hovcr'd  over  us,  and  flatter'd  us  that  wc  fhould 
one  day  mend  our  Commons,  fweetcn"d  all  a- 
gain  ;  fo  long  as  Bread  was  Breads  we  com- 
plained not :  Three  days  with  good  Husbandry 
it  laftcd,  but  then  pale  Famine  (which  is  the 
worft  fhapc  Death  cm  be  painted  in  )  ikred  us 
in  the  Face  ;  And  there  was  no  fublitute  for 
Bread  at  Sea:  At  Land,  the  Roots  of  Grafs,  the 
tops  of  Trees,  and  the  vileft  Excrements  have 
fcrved  to  flop  the  clamour  of  a  Ravenous  Sto- 
mach, but  that  which  Slaves  dcfpifcd,wc  fhould 


Of  Great  Mercy.  69 

have  admired,  and  prized  :  Water  indeed  we 
might  have,  either  cdd^  or  hot ;  we  had  choice, 
but  it  was  a  hard  choice  :  Either  the  cold  fait 
rvatir  out  of  the  Sea,  or  that  warmer,  which 
had  been  drained  through  our  Bodies,  and  that 
wcchofe  of  the  two,  but  we  mull  not  have  that, 
after  a  while,  unlcfs  wc  would  firrt:  Accept  the 

'  other  :  And  the  Milcry  was,  thefe  did  not  af- 
■fwage  our  thirll:,  but  axreafe  tt ;  nor  mcreafe 
oar ftrength,  but  dir/.f/.-iJli  it;  yet  thefe  were 
the  means  of  Life  :  Strange  means,  that  would 
deflroy  the  End. 

Several  things  added  to  our  Mifery ;  for  trou- 
ble fcldom  comes  folitary.  For  firil ,  wc  had 
the  Wind  for  fame  time  full  againfl:  us  :  And  this 
was  both  an  evil  in  n  felf,  an  evil  in  its  effcli , 
.and  an  evil  in  its  caufe.  It  was  a  great  evil  in  it 
felf;  it  ;«frf<j/(ri^  our  Labour,  and  then  defeat eJ 
tt:  We  Rowed  h.irder,  to  Icfs  fiirpofe ;  we  mo- 
ved ,but  did  not  advance ;  we  f;^e»t  our  flrcngth 
for  noui^ht,  and  in  vatn.  It  was  an  evil  in  tts 
efefl ;  ""for  it  engaged  the  U'.-.tcrs  againfl  us,  and 
drew  them  into  us  party.     The  Sea  is  a  per  felt 

'  Neuter  of  it  felf ,  and  willing  to  maintain  its 
Neutrality;  but  the  powcilul  Winds  drew  her 
into  the  Fadion  :  And  that  Sea  which  fcrves  the 
North  to  day,  fhall  comply  with  the  m,ore  pre- 
vailing Soittio  to  Morrow  ;  for  the  Waves  arc 
the  efi  tune  fervirs  in  the  World:  But  it 
was  far  the  greatc;!:  evU  m  its  Caufe;  for  the 
Winds  bemz  nzamlt  tu .  Argued  that  Cod  was 
again jt 

70  ji  Small  MonKtnent 

agaitift  /;/;  for  the  Wind  wc  know  was  his: 
He  brings  the  Winds  out  of  his  Af'if/izJ>:es.  We 
were  nowlbdifpiritcd,  that  wc  debated  ,  whc- 
thtrwe  up  with  the  Wuid.,  or  rfujke 
the  be  jl  of  our  way^  and  Row  againfl  it?  That 
is,  whether  it  were  not  better  to  go  back  to  ^Z- 
gicrs  with  eafc ,  than  painfully  make  towards 
freedom?  At  Li  f,  like  Pcrfons  that  though  wc 
knew  not  what  to  do,  yctrefolved  not  to  return; 
wc  refolved  whilll  we  had  Mfc  ,  and  Strength  , 
and  Breath,  we  would  itrugile  with  it:  And 
now  the  great  God  interpofed ;  he  rebuked  his 
IVinJ,  kwas  not  tiyin/l  M  ;  my,  hc reconciled 
his  Wind,  and  it  became  our  friend.  I  Ic  that 
can  turn  the  Rivers  in  the  South,  could  turn  the 
W.nd  out  of  the  North:  Here  we  might  have 
had  a  notable  demon  "tration  of  Gods  Sovereign- 
ty. He  determined  i\\cQ_n.irtcr  of  the  Wind, 
the  Qu.iniityo{  the  Wind,  andthc Cor,tinu4nce 
of  the  Wind.  The  Quarter,  whence  it  fhould 
blow.  The  Quantity,  bow  much  it  fhou'd  blow, 
and  the  Continuance  ,  how  long  it  jliould  blow. 
The  Quarter  was  our  Enemy,  the  Continuance 
had  quite  brought  us  to  Dcfpair  •,  but  had  he 
opened  his  Hand,  and  let  out  one  blaft  iwre,  the 
proud  Waters  had  gone  over  our  Souls,  we  had 
fcripiedin  the  deep:  But  we  fee  that  our  times 
are  in  Cods  Hand ;  the  Ocean  in  the  hollow  of  ' 
the  fane  Hand,  and  the  Winds  in  the  fame  hand, 
and  Happy  it  was  for  us,  that  we,  and  they  , 
were  f.ll  there. 


Of  Great  Mercy.  71 

A  Second  great  Inconveniency  was,  that  our 
Labour  wat  without  Jnterniijfton,  though  we  ad- 
vanced not  forwards  at  many  ftroaks,  yet  cclTa- 
tion  had  driven  us  backwards.  The  poor  Sen- 
tinel thatihnds  upon  the  Watch,  yet  comforts 
himfeif  that  another  will  Relieve  him;  but  we 
had  none  to  take  the  toyl  ofFour  Hands,  and  give 
us  Refpite  .•  Wc  might)/;///  our  places,  but  not 
our  pains, 

A  Third  great  Evil  that  lay  fore  upon  us,  was 
the  extremity  of  the  heat  by  day;  the  Scafon 
was  Raging  hot,  being  the  beginning  of  July -^^ 
the  Climate  was  hot,  being  under,  or  about  the 
Fourth  Climate;  we  wanted  freOi  Water  to 
cool  the  Heat,  and  were  engaged  in  continual 
Labour  to  enrage  the  heat,  and  all  thefe  made  it 
infupportable  to  our  Bodies,  and  our  little,  or 
no  hope,  (  which  now  like  a  Candle  burnt  down 
to  the  Socket,  did  rather  blink,  than  burn)  made 
it grtevoiti  to  our  Souls.  One  iinall  help  we  had 
(if  it  was  a  help  )  that  the  fifth  Man,  who  cmp- 
tyed  the  Boat  of  the  Salt  Water,  threw  it  upon 
the  Bodies  of  the  refi:  to  cool  them  ;  But  this  was 
a  A'liferable  Remedy  ,  for  our  Bodies  were  fo 
bleached  between  the  fcorching  Sun,  and  the 
cooling  Water,  that  they  rofc  up  in  B!i:krs  all 
over.  Great  pain  we  felt,  great  danger  wewere 
in,  great  Miferies  were  endured ,  great  wants 
we  were  under,  and  had  nothing  little,  but  hope, 
food,  kndflrength.  By  Day  vVe  were  all  ftark 
Naked,  t>y  Night  we  had  our  Shirts,  or  loofe 
■       ',  G        ■  Coats, 


-2  A  StmU  Monument 

Coats,.andthat  wasallour  Cloathing,  the  reft 
we  left  aliiore  to  cafe  our  Boat, 

If  any  fliall  be  fo  Inquifitivc,  as  to  ask  ,  hy 
what  Direclioris  wc  fleered  our  Courfc,  that  we 
did  not  tack  about  infcnfibly  in  the  dark  Night, 
or  Day  ?  He  may  know,  that  for  theD^j,  one 
of  the  Company  had  rf  Pocket  Dyal,  which  fup 
plycdthe  place  of  the  Compafs,  e'nc  welt  e- 
noiighforlucha  VcfTcl,  and fuch  Mariners.  By 
Night,  when  the  Stars  appeared,  WC  had  our 
advice  from  them,  and  when  they  dif  appeared, 
weghcflcd  at  our  way  by  the  Motion  of  the 

In  this  fad  and  woful  ph'ght  we  continued  four 
Days  and  Nights  ;  on  the  fifth  Day,  we  were 
on  the  brinl{  of  the  brink,  of  defpair ,  and  all 
hope  that  we  fhould  be  favcd,  utterly  pcriOicd. 
And  now,  as  Perfons  dcfpairing  of  the  End,  wc 
ccafcdto  purfue/k  means-,  laid  by  our  Oars, 
left  oil  our  Labour ;  either  wc  had  no  flrength 
left,  or  were  loth  to  throw  away  that  little  wc 
had  to  no  purpofe,  onely  we  kept  ftill  emptying 
the  Boat  i  loth  to  drown,  loth  to  dye,  yet  knew 
no  ways  to  avoyd  Death  .•  When  the  End  is  re- 
n-.ovcd,  all  means  perijli  with  it. 

They  that  Ad  leaft,commonly  wi(h  the  mod: ; 
thus  when  we  had  left  frmtlefs  Labour,  wc  fell 
upon  frmtlefs  rvifies,  that  we  might  meet  with 
fome  Vcffel,  fome  Ship  to  take  us  up  :  If  it 
was  but  a  Ship,  wc  confidered  no  further ;  Eng-- 
lijhy  or  African,  Tros,  TyrihfX/e;  all  was  a 
Cafe  .• 

Of  Great  Mercy.  yj 

Cafe  :  Or  if  not,  yet  the  worjl  was  better- than 
ottrbadcifc;  and  therefore  refolvcd,  could  wc 
have  Difcovcrcd  any  Ship,  to  have  made  to- 
wards her,  though  it  had  been  one  of  v^/^/;f >v. 
How  many  wiiht  tlicmfcivcs  again  i>i  £c')pf, 
when  they  Combated  with  the  un  cxp'c^ed 
Difhcultics  of  the  Wtldcmefs  I  How  oft  have 
the  People  of  God  been  more  afraid  of  the  means 
of  their'  Dcltvtrance  ,  than  of  their  Danger  ! 
When  Chriil  came  to  favchis  Difciplcs  frorn  the 
Storm,  yctbccaufc  he  came  in  a  way  uncouth, 
and  uncxpe(ffcd,  they  cryed  ot-.t  for  fear.  Mat. 
14.  26.  Whether  the  Reader  will  pity,  or  con- 
demn us, I  know  not ;  but  to  that  pafs  were  we 
now  brought,  that  we  would  have  accepted  Life 
upon  any  terms  not  bafe  andfi>,fiil,  and  whether 
we  fhould  have  ftuck  at  fnch  or  w,  I  have  no  fuch 
fccuriry  from  my  own  Heart  as  to  rcfolvc 

Whilil  wc  were  at  this  dead  tbbe  of  Hope, 
the  Great  God,  whofe  mofl  Glorious  Oiportn- 
mty  tohclp,  is  his  CxaXuxcs^rcateft  Exircmi- 
ty:  He  that  appeared  for  Abruhar^  in  the 
Mount,  and  to  the  three  Toung  Men  in  the  Fie- 
ry Furnace ;  he  that  Delivered  Ifrael  at  the  Sea, 
at  the  Red  Sea;  he  who  times  all  his  Mercies 
for  their  Advantage  :  even  He  fent  us  fome  Re- 
lief, and  a  little  Rehcf  is  great,  \n great  exigen- 
ces. As  we  lay  hulling -up  and  do\vn,  we'Dif- 
covered  a  Tortoife  ?iot  far  from  us  aflccp  in  the 
Sea.  Had  the  great  Drake  Difcovered  the  Spa. 
G  2  v,jh 

"j^  yi  Small  Afonitn-.ent 

tiijlj  riate.Fleet,  he  coul4  not  have  more  Re- 
joyced  ;  once  again  we  bethought  our  fclves  of 
our  Oars  :  and  pow  our  little  Boat. (hewed  it 
fclf  to  be  of  the  ri^ht  breed  cf  yil^ters^  made  of 
firaiicliTfn:ber.\udto  its  poor^Ability  would 
Iccomc  ti  Corf.iir  ;  wc  filcntly  Rowed  to  our 
Trey,  took  it  into  the  Boat  with  great  Triumph, 
we  cut  oif  her  Head,  and  Kt  her  bleed  into  a 
Pot  V  wc  drank  the  Blood ,  cat  the  Liver , 
and  fuck'd  the  Flcfli ;  Wtjrm  flepi,  and  hot  Li: 
^itor  (  except  our  own  )  had  been  a  "/cut  Ra- 
rity with  us  a  long  time,  it  was  a  Novelty  of 
Providence ;  and  really  it  wonderfully  rcfrclh'd 
our  Spirits,  repaired  our  decayed  llrcngth  and 
recruited  Nature;  at  leaf!-,  poor  cxhaulted  Na- 
ture was  willing  to  be  cheated,  and  fancy  her 
lelf  recruited  :  But  there  was  no  cheat  in'f,  wc 
were  really  rcfrcOi'd,  and  with  frclh  Vigour  and 
courage  fell  to  our  Work  ;  wc  left  our  fears  be- 
hind us,  wc  pickt  up  fomc  fcatter'd  crumbs  of 
hope,  and  about  Noon,  we  Difcovercd,  or 
thought  we  Difcovercd  Land.  It's  impofTihlc 
roexprcfsthc  Joy,  and  Triumph  of  our  raifed 
fiou'jatthis  apprchenfion.  The  Poets  tell  us, 
that  as  often  as  HercnUj  threw  the  great  Giant 
agair.  t  the  Earth,  Vis.  Alother  Earth  gave  him 
veKv [trength  againft  the  next  Encounter :  It  was 
vcw  jirerigth^nnv  Life  tp  us^though  not  to  touch, 
•<jettofee;  or  if  per  /<? /Vf,  ;p  think,  we  f.iw  it. 
Iz  brought  frefh  Blood  into^^ur  Veins,  frefh  co- 
lour into  our  pale  Cheeks;,  we  look'd  not  like 
,        •  Men 

Of  great  Merc'y.  .  7  j 

Men  awaked  from  Hcep,  mt  like  Captives  broke 

from  the  Chains  of  Algiers,  but  like  Hcrfons 

raifed  from  the  Dead.       But  Hoi)e  anr!  Fedr 

made  a  (Irange  Aicdly  Pafsion  in  our  Svids-^  like 

theRepartiesbf  two  contrary  jolHing  Tides,  or 

the  lirugglin;?  of  the  Eddy  with  the  main  itrcam  : 

Hope  would  pcrlVadc  uv  that  wc  faw  the  Land ; 

but  chill  Fear  bade  us  paufe  upon  it,  for  as  wc 

cafily  believe,  what  wc  defu-f  to  be  trul% .  fo 

wcare  as  ready  to  fear  Iclt  it  (hould  not  prove 

true ;    for  fear  had  got  long  poffcfFion  of  oyC 

Souls,  and  would  hardly  admit  Hope  to  (Hr,  but 

■was  ready  to  fupprefs  it  as  A  dillurbcr  of  its 

Empire  :  Wc  had  feen  nothing  but  Air ,  and 

•Sea;  Sea,  and  Air  in  five  Days,  and  Nights; 

that  though  our  Reafon  told  us  there  was  fuch  a 

thing  as  Land,    yet  the  ImprcfTions  that  feSr  had 

made  upon  us,  made  it  QueiUonable,  whether 

cvcrwc  fhould  fee  if.    And  we  durll  not  give 

fob  much  Credence  to  our  Eyes,  that  had  been 

ufed  to  bring  fadder  itories  to  our  Hearts. '   '' : 

■    Yet  ftillwc  wrought  hard  :   Hope  did  us  that 

kindncfs,  it  put  us  upon  an  'carncit  defirc  to  fee 

whether  wc  were  deceived  orno,  ■  AftcV  fome 

further  Labour,  wc  grew  rhorc  confident,  and 

at  laft,  'fully  fatisfied  thjic  it  was  Land  .•  I  hope 

I  fhall  never  forget  whatafcnfe  we  had  of<5Ms 

goodnefs  upon,  that  Afrurancc,     Extremes  'ido 

equally  annoy,     and  fometimes. infatuate  the 

mind:     They  tell  us,  that  in  Greenland,^  th^cx- 

trcmity  of  Cokl  will  make  the  Iron  (tick  to  the 

C  3  Fingers, 


fi ' 

■76  jA  $rrall  ■Ji'fonurr.att 

fingci-j,  as  our  Experience  alTurcs  extremity  o» 
;Hcat\villdo;  for  now  like  Dirtra(ftcd  Pcrfons, 
wc  all  leapt  into  tlic  Sea,  quitting  our  Boat,  and 
being  all  good,  wc  there  Bathed,  and 
cooled  our  heated  Bodies.  An  Adventure, 
.which)  if  well  confidercd,  had  as  much  of  the 
Defpcrado  in  it  as  our  putting  to  Sea  .•  For  now 
wc  were  at  the  Mcri-y  of ,  the  Sharks,  which 
might  have  (hear  d  off"  a  Leg,  or  Arm  \  and  now 
our  ovcr-heatcd  Bodies  were  open  to  receive  the 
Imprcllion? of  that  Cold  Element:  But  as  wc 
never  confidercd;  our  Danger,  the  great  and 
good  God  delivered  us  from  the  Ordinary  cf- 
. feds  of  fuch  Folly  ^., we  prcfently  returned  to 
, our  Boat,  and  being  both  wearied  with  Labour, 
and  cooled  4  little  with  the  Sea,  wc  lay  us  all 
down  to  SlcJep  inqs  much  fecurity,'  as  if  we  had 
becnrm our  own, Beds  •■  Nature  being  almolj: 
fpeut,fmulVhave,a:Xruce;  (he  \v';ill  not  under- 
take to  keep  our  ^cdics  upon  their  Legs,  if  we 
will  not  fubmit  to  her  great  ftanding  Ordi- 
nance, of  Rell;  and  here  we  fawftill  more  of 
DiviqcGoodncfs,  'that  our  Leaky  VefTcl  did  not 
■bury  us. in  the  Sea,  .'and  wc  awaking  find. our 
felvcs.  in  the  other  World :  But  he  that  gave  u-f 
Sleepy  we/tfitredit,  and  he  meafured  it  ^ A-<?f//)', 
not.fu[rer)ngusto/7«r-y?«/)  the  Sf^/qw  of  plying 
our  Pump,  or  t"hat  which  fupplycd  the  place  of 

it.-    -,•■..  ■     r- 

Being  thus  refrcfh'd  with  fleep,  we  found  new 
fircn^thiox  our  Work,  and  God  found  us  New 


Of  Great  Mercy.  77 

«'(j?-i^  for  our  ilrength:  Wc  tugged  the  harder 
at  the  Oar,  bccaufe  we  hoped  c  re  Night  to  flcl'p 
upon  a  more  ftablc,  and  faithful  Elcmcut.  Bat 
wc  made  our  way  very  flowly,  and  when  we 
call  up  the  Account  of  our  Progre(s,  iburid  ,that 
wc  had  gone  but  Uulc  w^y  in  a  len(r  tir^r  •  to- 
wards Evening  wc  difcovcred  another ■  Iflmd  : 
The  firfl  we  faw  was  AI.iyoi\,  thc'Xccond, 
Fromentcre-,  and  fomc  ."of  our  Gompapy  th^t 
had  Sailed  in  thefc  Seas,  vyould  undertake  -to^af- 
■furc  us  of  it  :  Wc  debated  hot  long  to:,\vhich 
of  thefc  wc  fhouia  dircd  6ur  Courfc,'  for  the 
latter  being  much  infellcd  with' vcncnWU'i  Ser- 
pents, and  little,  if  at  all  Ii^hahitcd^  wc^;rcfoJ- 
.'vcdall  for  Miyorkj.  All  that  Night  wc'Tlp.U^ 
'very  hard,  and  the  nexf,  'beiligth^  itJvtn  ^^If'ly-, 
and  from  our  putting  to  isp^t'j;  we'l^^lu'Vithin 
fight  of  it  all  Day,  and  about  T<:n£( -Clock  at 
Night  wc  came  under  the  Ifland;,  biir  the '/locks 
were  there  fo  craggy,  andftccp,  thanv^C  tbuld 
not  climb  up. 

Whilll  we  were  under  thefc  Rocks  there 
came  a  Veflel  very  near  us.  Let  the  Reader  put 
himfelf  in  our  rtead,  let  him  but  Copy  out  our 
Thoughts,  let  him  imagine  how  loth  we"  Were 
to  lofe  all  our  toil  and  Travel,  to  forgo  our  De- 
liverance, to  have  this  Rich  Mercy,  which  God 
had  put  into  our  Hands,  wrefted  out  of  them 
again  by  fome  Turkt^i  Pickaroon,  or  Corf'.ir, 
that  arc  always  skimming  thofc  Seas  :  It  con- 
cerned us  therefore  to  lye  clofc,  and  when  they 
G  4  \vcre 


yS     .     .    .       -A  S Willi  Monument 
,  were  p'afled  by,  \vc  gently  crept  along  the  Coaft 
as  near  the  fhoar  as  we  durft,  till  we  found  a 
convenient  place,  where  wc  might  thruft  in  our 
Wcafher-bcatcn  Boat. 

If  thefe  Papers  fhould  fall  into  the  hands  of 
fome  that  arc  great  Clerks  in  the  Art  of  Naviga- 
'tion^   and  have  con'd  the  Mariners  Terms  of 
'  Art,  they  will  fmile  at  my  improper  wording  of 
thefe  Matters,  and  fay,  I  am  one  of  Paul's  Ma- 
riners.    But  I  can  be  content  to  be  Accounted 
one  of  his  Mariners,  whilftlhavc  fhared  in  his 
Mercies  :  How  many  of  thofe  that  fpeak  the 
Language  of  the  Sea,   yet  have  found  her  Bil- 
lows deaf  to  their  "Cries  and'Prayers,  and  their 
ftately  Ships  made  the  Scorn  of  Winds,  and  the 
Reproach  of  Waves,   when  we,  who  had  none 
'.of  their  Ships,  and  little  of  their  skill,  have  had 
.Experience  of  thofe  Providences,  to  which  they 
•  Jiave  been  Strai)gers.  . 



f  ^■-  ••<•     -> 

of  Great  Mercy. 

SECT.     XII. 


The  great  kJncJnefs  wc  Received  at  Mayork 
''■   froffi  the  Vicc-Rpy.,  andthe  hrhabitunts 
ofthatTpud  and  City. 

WHcn  we  were  come  to  Land,  we  were 
not  unfcnfible  of  our  Deliverance', 
though  like  Men  newly  awakened  out  of  a 
Dream,  wchadnotthe  true  Dimcnfionsof  it: 
We  confeiTed  God  had  done  Great  thtnos  for  us, 
hut  hew  great  th  ngs  he  had  done  was  beyond 
our  Comprehcnfion  .•  Wc  had  efcafcd  the  Sea., 
but  yet  Dca'th  might  be  found  at  L.ird;  and  wc 
were  ready  to  fay,  withS^w^/ow,  judg.  15.18. 
^Lord ,  thou  h^Ft  given  tlnf  gritU  DcliVcrMce 
'tnio  the  hands  of  thy  Si  rv^,  nts.,  and  now  jhall  w_e 
dye  for  Thirji  ?  We  had  had  no  Food  fince  wc 
eat  the  Liver,  and  drank  the  Blood  of  thcTor- 
toife,  and  therefore  leaving  three  of  our  Coni- 
pany  with  the  Boat,  the  other  two,  viz..  Joh'n 
yinthony,  and  my'fdf  were  fent  6ut  to  fcout 
abroad  for  frcfli  Water  .•  And  the  rather  were 
we  fent,  becaufe  this  Jt^H  Anthony  could  fpeak 
both,  the  Spanijli ,  and  Jtallan  Tongues  very 
^exkCily.,  and  I  had  as  much  of  the  5f.'«'j?3as 
might  ferve  toexprefs  our  wants,  anddefires, 
if  perhaps  we  might  mcetwith  any  Perfons  there- 

n  ' 

8o  A  SmM  Monumnt 

abouts.  Wc  were  not  far  gone,  before  we  fell 
into  a  Wood,  aiidwc  were  in  a  Wilderncfs  in 
our  thoughts,  which  way  to  take  :  He  will  needs 
go  his  way,  and  1  mine.  Good  Lord/  what  a 
/rail,  impotent  thing  is  Man  !  That  t^cy  whom 
common  danger?  hy  Sci.,  common  Deliverances 
fromSci  hail  United,  fhould  now  about  our 
ow.i  wills  fall  out  at  l.and.  And  yet  thus  wc 
did:  He  give  mc  rcproachfiil  words,  and  ifs 
wellwccuiic  not  to  blows;  But  I  went  my  own 
way,  and  he  feeing  me  refolute,  followed  me  , 
and  the  Providence  of  God,  not  dealing  w;ith  us 
according  to  our  frowardncfs,  foil,  wed  w both: 
This  way  led  us  to  a  VVatch-Towcr  of  the  Spani- 
,arJty  many  gf  whi,;h  they  keep  upon  tbe  Sca- 
Coails,  to  giveth^  Countrcy  timely  notice  of 
any  Pickaroons  that  come  afhoar  to  Rob,  and 

When  we  came  within  call,  fearing  he  might 
Difchargc  at  us,  we  fpoke  to  him  upon  the 
Watch ,  told  him  our  Condition ,  what  wc 
were,  whence  wc  came,  howweefcaped;  and 
.  carncftly  begged  of  him  to  direO  us  to  fomc  frclh 
-Water,  and  in  the  mean  time  to  beftow  upon  us 
.feme  Bread.  ;  He  -very  kindly  threw  us  down 
jt;!  old  mouldy  Cukc^  but  fo  long  as  it  was  a  Cak^^ 
and  not  a /i.onf,  nor  a  Bullet,  Hunger  did  not 
-confidcr' its  Mjiddincfs  :  Then  he  direded  us 
^ofrefh  Water,  which  was  hard  by  :  Wc  flood 
not  telling  Stories  j  W;C  rcmcmbrtd  our  fdvesy 


Of  Great' Mercy,  8i 

wc  rcmcmbrcd  our  Brcikrcn  left  with  our  Boat, 
and  Obferving  the  Sentinels  Dircdticns,  came 
to  a  Well,  where  tlicrewas  a  Pot  with  Jtrings. 
to  draw  with  :  Wc  drank  a  little  Water,  and 
cat  a  bit  of  our  Cake,  but  the  pafCigc  was  fo 
difufcd,  that  wc  had  much  ado  to  force  our 
Throats  to  relieve  our  clamourous  (tomachs  ; 
But  here  wc  (laid  not,  but,  with  the  four  Le- 
pers in  the  Tents  of  the  Syrians,  i  Kings  7.  9. 
Rebuked  our  fclves,  We  do  not  wcll^  wc  h,:ve 
j^Ud  lidin^s  to  curry,  and  dvyvc  hvld  our  pace  ? 
Wcretyrnto  ourBout,  are  welcomed  by  our 
Companions,  acquaint  them  with  the  good  fuc- 
ccfs  of  our  Embii]V>  ^""^  ^"  pr'^T-^''^"  ^o  make 
;o the  Well..      • ..,  .  ,;    .. 

;  -And  now  we  rr.ufl  leave  our  Boat ;  that  /"./;//;- 
fnl  Injirmtent  of  Gods  Providence,  which  hacj 
fo  trufiily  ferved  his  purpofc  to  deliver  us  :  It 
was  not  without  foine  Recqylings  upon  our  Spi- 
rits, that  wc  HiQvild  fo  much  as  in  appearance 
ir/:it'iie  :hr  oioratitiide  of  thofc,  who  having  fer- 
ved their  privstc  ends  on  thcirl  rlcnds,  and  have 
now  no  further  ufc  of  them,  rpoll  ungratefully 
ftiakc  them  off.-  That  we  fhoulcj-bc  like  the  war 
/fr-fl'(??-,which  uftjs  the  water  to  purfuc  his  Game, 
on4  when  he  comes  to  Land ,  (hakes  it  off  as 
iroulilefome ,  and  t}itrde»fo>r,e.  But  it  was  no 
time  to  /land  upon  Complements  j  Hunger , 
Thir/l,  Wcarinefs,  Dcfirc  of  Rcfrclhment  and 
Rcllj  thokirrforinnfiff  Pitnst  Commanded  us 
i  away  J 


S  :i  A  Smitll  Monument 

away;  and  tying  our  Boat  as  fad  as  wc  could 
totheShoar,  wc  left  her  to  Mercy,  which  had 
^jcen  fogoodto  us. 

'  As  wc  were  going,  or  rather  creeping ,  or 
crawling  towards  the  Well,  another  Qyarrel 
flatted  amongd  us,  the  Memory  whereof 'is 
fo  ungrateful,  that  I  Hull  give  it  a  Burial  in  fi- 
\cnQQ,  \\\Qht[\Tombfur  Controverftes. 

'■  And  now  we  are  at  the  Well,  and  the  Well  is 
provided  of  IVarcr,  and  we  have  fomething  to 
drmv ;  all  tbcfe  helps  God  has  given  us,  but  he 
mull  give  us  one  more,  even  a  thrown  to  fwitllow 
it,  without  which,  all  the  reft  f^mfie  mthtn^^. 
This  was  the  evil  Difeafe  Solomon  had  Obferved 
in  his  Days,  Ecclef.6.  2.  yi  Mn>i  to  whom 
God  had  given  Riches,  Wealth,  And  Honour  y 
fo  that  he  xvantcth  nothing  for  hn  Soul,  of  all 
lljat  he  dcfireth  ;  yen  God  giveth  hir/>  not  Power 
to  eat  thereof:  He  that  gives  us  water  to  dnnk^, 
and  meat  to  eat,  muft  give  us  Power  to  eat  and 
drink^alh.  How  totally  do  we  depend  upon 
him  for  Life,  and  Breath,  and  all  things  !  One 
of  our  Company,  William  Mams,  attempting 
to  drink.after  many  EfTays  was  not  able  to  fwal- 
low  it,'  but  ftill  the  water  returned,  fo  that  he 
funk  down  to  the  Ground,  faintly  faying,  lam 
H  de4d  Man ;  we  forgot  our  fclvcs,t0  remember 
him,  and  after  much  ftriving,  and  forcing,  he 
took  a  little  ;  and  when  he  and  wc  were  rcfrclh'd 
,  ■  with 

Of  Great  Mercy.  83 

with  our  Cake  and  water,  we  lay  down  by  the 
Well-fide  till  the  Morning.  None  of  us  cou'(| 
watch  for  the  refi,  but  One  Godwntchcdovtr 
m  all:  There  we  lay  lockt  up,  and  buried  in 
Sleep  :  The  Heavens  covered  us,  when  wc  wan- 
ted a  Canopy  .-  Each  might  fay  in  the  Morning, 
with  David,  Pfal.  3.57  Lud  me  down  andjlept ; 
J  awaked,  for  the  Lord  fujiatnedrrje. 

When  it  was  clear  Day,  we  addreft  0U15 
fclvcs  once  more  10  the  Man  upon  the  wat.h; 
Tower,  entreating  him  to  Dircd  us  the  ready 
way  to  the  next  Houfe,  or  Town,  where  we 
might  find  Relief.  He  civily  points  us  towards 
a  Houfe  a!)Out  two  Miles'otf,  whither,  with 
wearied  ftcps ,  and  joyful  Hearts ,  we  now 
began  to  Travel :  Oor  Feet  had  been  fo  pa;-' 
boy  led,  and  ^tiodled  with  the  Sans  heat,  in  the 
Salt  water-pickle ,  that  they  were  very  raw , 
and  more  bliiler'd ;  and  long  it  was  before  wc 
could  over-come  the  tedioufnefs  of  thofc  two 
Miles.  When  wc  approach'd  the  Houfe,  the 
Owner  efpying  us,  and  concluding  by  our//wi'- 
l>y  garb,  that  wc  were  fomc  Pilfering  Rafcals, 
Prefcnted  a  Fowling  Piece  at  us,  and  charged  us 
to  Hand.  The  foremoft  of  our  Company,  who 
could  fpcak  that  Language  well,  meekly  told 
him,  he  might  fparc  that  Language,  we  were 
not  abU,  if  we  had  fo  wicked  a  will:,  nor  willing, 
if  we  had  hcenable,  tooffcr  him  the  lead  injury  j 
That  we  were  a  Company  of  poor  Creajturesj 
whojj)  t]ie  \^'onderful  Providence  ofGoU.h^d 
'.  .^.|j  -'     ■      •    "  -        Refcii- 

S.j.  ji  Strati  Montmcnt 

kcfcucd  from  the  Sl-ivcry  of  .-//^/f>-.<-,and  hoped 
he  would  (hew  Mercy  to  the  i\inictcd.  'i  he 
llonc'l  lamer,  moved  with  our  Rdation,  fcnt 
us  out  Bread,  \  Vatcr,  ani  Olives,  with  which 
w!icn  we  had  rcfrefh  d  our  fel vcs,  we  lay  down, 
an  i  Kel'tcd  three  or  four  hours  in  tlie  Field  \  and 
returning  thanks  for  his  Charity,  prepared  to 
crawl  away  at  our  lame  rate.  He  feeing  us 
thankful  Bcggers,  enlarged  his  Civility  to  us, 
called  us  into  his  Ifoufe,  and  gave  us  good  warm 
Bean  Pottage,  wliich  feemed  to  me  the  mod 
Pleafint  looJ  that  ever  I  eat  in  my  Life :  Our 
Leave  once  more  taken,  we  Advanced  towards 
the  City  of  Af'iyoil^,  which  from  this  place  is 
about  ten  Miles  :  No  water  could  we  meet  with 
upon  our  way,  but  tuwards  Evening,  we  dif- 
covercd  one  drawing  Water  at  a  Well,  wc 
hafl-ed  to  hiiri,  rind  he  drew  for  us  ;  that  was  our 
Supper,  and  there  was  our  Lodging  that  Night. 
1  he  next  Morning  we  came  into  the  Suburbs 
of  the  City,  theftrangcnefsof  our  Attire,  being 
bare  foot,  barc-Icg'd,  having  nothing  on  but 
loofe  Coats  over  our  Shirts,  drew  a  croud  of  en- 
quirers about  us,  who  we  were/  whchcewc 
came?  whither  we  went  ?  Wc  gavcthcin  a 
particular  Account  of  cur  Deliverance,  with  its 
Circumftanccs;  and  thvty  as  willing  ro  pity;  as 
to  li>iow  our  Eilatc,  and  as  ready  r*  Relieve,  Vi'$ 
fit)\  accommodated  us  for  the  prefent  with  food', 
they  (gave  us  Wine,.  andStrong-Avaters,  ind 
il'hatisyer  elfe  might  recover  our  e^hauftedSpi- 
'^-  rits  ; 

Of  CrcAt  Mercy.  85 

rits^  but  told  us,  wc  muft  be  oblif  cd  to  tarry 
in  the  Suburbs,  till //;f  ru^-iJojhifd  notice  that  , 
fuch  were  Arrived:  Me  had  foon /«- 
ftrrratiou  of  us,  and  wc  as  foonw  Ccn.rr^ndio 
appear  before  him  :  He  us  about  ma- 
ny AtTairs-  what  Men  of  VV:ir  the  Jherincs 
had  rit  Sea  ?  v.'hat  llrtngth  they  were  of  at 
Land  ?  Llut  above  all,  he  was  molt  curious,and 
cxad  in  farisfying  himfclf  about  our  Efcape,  our 
Boat,  our  Ha2ards  at  :ca,  wherein  when  wc' 
had  fully  Obeyed  him,  he  Ordered  wc  Ihould 
be  mainta'ned  at  his  own  Coll  till  we  could  have 
palTagc  to  our  own  Countrey. 

In  this  while  the  People  gathered  us  Money- 
to  buy  us  CloathsandShooes,  and  we  w  nted 
nothing  that  Nature  called  for ,    but  ibanlful 
Hearts  to  God.     And  they  endeavoured  to  help 
to  that  Mercy  too  :  As  I  was  walking  in  the 
Streets  viewing  the  City,  a  Young  Man  fteps  to 
me ,  Friend  ( laid  he  )  are  you  one  of  thofe  that 
came  lately  Over  in  the  Canvas- Boat  !  I  An- 
fwcred.  Yes,  I  was  one  of  them  :  well  ( reply- 
cd  the  Young  Man  )  It  wm  not  the  little  Loat , 
but  the  Gre.n  God  that  brought  you  Over.     I 
mu/l  needs  fay,  I  often  think  of'  this  Young  mans 
words,  and  as  often  as-  I  think  of  them  they 
chide  me,   that  I  have  not  hitherto  more  pub- 
lickly  owned  God  in  his  Gracious  and  wonder- . 
ful  Deliverance.    However,  others  may  be  con-"' 
cern'd  to  Read  I  know  not  yet  I  am  cobcern'd  tO'' 
Write  of  the  great  things  God  has  done  forme. 


A  Small  Monnment 

SECT.   xrii. 

the  TrovidcHca  of  God  rchkh  attended 
uf^  and  Conduced  us  all  ftfe  to  Eng- 

IT  may  not  prove  ungrateful  to  the  Reader, 
to  fee  how  tlic  great  God,  who  beirun  to  work 
for  us,  pcrfciled  htf  werk^'conceri/i/i"  ttr.  I  low 
he  that  had,  and  did  deliver,  would  llill  deliver 
us;  as /7«j/ir5r.trj  have  their  Glories,  yet  Con- 
y?r//rfr/ow/arc  more  Glorious :  So  each  Provi- 
dence of 'God  is  Admirable;  but  taken  together, 
as  one  ferving  another,  and  this  helping  forwards 
that,  fo  indeed  they  are  moll  Admirable  ;  when 
the  Creator  viewed  his  each  days  work,  it  fo 
puncftually  anfwercd  its  Jdjeu  according  to 
which,  and  Obeyed  the  Power  by  which  it  was 
Created,  that  he  pronounced  kCood;  but  when 
he  rc-viewed  the  Produ(ft  of  the  fix  days,  he 
pronounced  alt  to  be  very  food  :  Each  Letter  in 
a  Book  fpeaks  sl^ll,  but  when  thofe  Letters  form 
wordsy  thofe  words,  fentences,  t^ere  is  a  grea- 
ter Excellency,  and  more  skill  Difcovered  :  S?- 
farate  Providences  fpcakout  eminently/ow^  of 
Gods  Attributes ;  but  when  wc  put  them  toge- 
ther, alLthe  Attributes  of  God  rtiine  forth  in' 

Of  Great  Mercy.  Sj 

th«n,  and  one  Illuftratc  another,  which  refle<fts 
a  light  upon  the  former. 

Afayork,  is  a  City  where  our  En^lifli  Ships 
did  feldom  Trade,  and  we  being  full  of  defirc  to 
fee  our  Native  Countrey,  preferr'd  our  humble 
Petition  to  'the  f^tce-Roy,  That  we  might  have 
Pajfage  in  the  King  0/ Spains  G allies,  whicht 
were  then  in  the  Road,  bound  for  Alicant  in-- 
Spain,  which  he  gracioufly  granted  us :  What' 
cold  Entertainment  we  met  with  there  from 
fomc  of  our  own  Countrey,  I  fhall  draw  a  veil' 
over ;  yet  even  there  wc  found  the  Mercies  of 
Cod.  One  Merchant  took  CompafTion  on  us , 
and  Conduced  us  to  an  Englijh  mans  Hout-, 
where  wc  Lodged,  and  gave  us  half  a  Dollar 
to  defray  ourCharges.The  next  day,undor;iand- 
ing  that  there  was  an  £»^/»y/;w.'.v  in  the  Road, 
bound  for  England,  wc  went  aboard  to  fee  for 
PaflTage;  we  made  our  Condition  our  bcft  Ar- 
gument to  prevail :  The  Mafter  told  us,  he  had 
but  little  Provifion,  but  if  we  would  be  content 
with  Bread,  and  Beverage,  we  might  go.  We 
accounted  that ,  Royal  Fare,  and  accordingly 
waited  till  he  fet  Sail :  Whilft  we  were  aboard, 
two  EngUjh  Merchants  came  thither  alfo  ,  and 
were  veryrcarneli  that  we  would  give  them  the. 
(hort  of  our  Adventure :  We  gratified  them.and 
one  of  them  faid ;  Countrey-men,  we  have  heard 
your  ftory.  After  a  few  days,  we  kt  Sail,  and 
when  we  were  at  Sea,  were  hotly  Chafed  by 
fwo  TnrkiP]  Men  of  War,  but  being  narCible- 
H  tore^ 

8;|.  A  Small  Monument  < 

tore,  we  got  in  there,  and  efcapcd.  We  had  : 
known  Slavery  reo  much  andloitg^to  be  amhi- . 
tioiu  of  it  again  i  and  therefore  three  of  us, 
John  J>ithony,  John— Carpenter ,  and  my  fclf 
went  afhoar,  and  there  ftayed  :  Our  other 
Companions  ventur'd  along  with  the  Ship,  and 
came  into  EngLind  before  us.  VVhilll  wc 
wereat  6';Wefo>-e,  \.\\z  Spaniards  undcrllanding 
our  Condition,  much  pitycd  us :  and  one  told 
us,  that  if  we  would  accept  it,  we  might  have 
Lodging  in  his  Vefibl,  and  he  had  FiHi  enough 
that  wc  might  make  ufe  of:  There  wc  ftaid  till 
our  Money  was  gone,  and  then  rcfolved  to  go 
wit{i the  Foot- Poll  by  hmdto Cadiz.^  which  is 
about  fixty  Miles :  Butwhildmy  two  Compa- 
nions were  gone  to  enquire  for  the  Courier,  I 
ftaid  upon  the  (hoar,  and  faw  a  fmall  Sfam^i 
VclTcl  coming  from  Malaga,  bound  for  Cadiz. ; 
I  went  aboard  him,  todcfirc  Pafljge,  ho  freely 
granted  it,  and  the  next  Morning  early,  wc  fct 
Sail,  and  in  little  time  came  into  C(i^/z,-Road, 
but  not  nigh  enough  togoafhore,  the  Captain 
told  us,our  PafTagc  was  p3id,we  might  freely  go 
aOiorc  when  we  would.  Now,  bccaufc  we  found 
no  Ship  here  bound  for  England,  and  hearing 
that  there  was  one  at  St.  Lucars,  we  Tra- 
velled thither  by  Land,  which  is  about  twelve 
Miles :  After  a  fliort  itay  there,  I  met  with  the 
Ma(tcrs  Mate ,  of  whom  I  earneftly  entreated 
for  Paffage ;  he  told  rac>  he  had  very  little  Pro- 
yifioiiv  and  that  it  would  be  hard  to  be  Obtained : 

Of  great  Mercy.  85 

wbilfl  we  were  talking,  the  Boat  came  to  fetch 
him  aboard,  and  in  her  there  was  a  Youth,  who 
was  the  Mailers  Son :  He  asked  his  Fathers 
Mate,  who  was  a!  fo  his  Uncle,  who  we  were? 
He  told  him,  we  were  poor  Men  Efcapcd  from 
Algiers,  Jbutfqr  Want  of  Provifion,  he  doubted 
Avc  could  not  go  for  England.  No .' '(  faid  the 
Youth)  do  you  think  my  Father  will  deny  paf- 
fage  to  poor  £/;^//y/;-wf «,  that  come  from  AU, 
gtcrj?-  Come  Countrey- men  (faid  he)  come 
into  the  Boat,  you  fliall  have  Paffage :  He  pre- 
fently  acquaints  his  Father  with  us  and  our  Con- 
dition :  He  treated  us  with  great  kindncfs,  he 
prevailed  with  the  Merchants  to  lay  in  Provifion 
for  us  :  wc  continued  in  his  Ship  till  we  came 
away  :  In  the  time  of  our  ftay,  I  wen;  aboard 
one  Captain  Good/on,  who  lay  then  in  the  Road , 
he  was  extremely  civil  to  me  j  at  my  departure 
he  gave  me  twenty  fhillings,  and  fct  me  aboard 
our  Ship ,  in  his  own  Boar,  Wc  met  with 
contrary  winds,  and  were  very  near  Engaging 
with  a  Hamburger ;  it  was  five  weeks  before  wc 
could  reach  the  Downsiwhcrc  wc  arrived  in  Seo. 
1 644,  The  Commander  of  the  Ship  was  Captain 
Smtth,  of  Redriff. 

H  2 




4^   r.J»   »^«      *-t-* 

51?  te  Ingenious  Friend^  Mr. 

William  Okcley,  k/^^w  /«/  Miraculous 
Deliverance  in  his  Canvas  Boat. 

THY  Boat,  thy  Cflj^/<  call;  and  Greet 
The  C^wv-^ as  thy  Winding- Sheet: 
From  C<7^ff,  S/;ro»^  Delivered, 
C'AVt  RefurreQion  from  the  Dead! 
And  fince  thy  Ltfe's  the  Great ,   thy  Lines 

prefent  " 

As  God's  C7rr4t  Mercies  Lejfer  Monument. 


A  CatalogHeof  fame  Bookj  PrrTited^andSoldby 
Nar.  Ponder  at  the  Chaticerji- Lane,  near 

EXcrcItations  on  tlie  tpirtit  to  the  UebrewssiKo  con- 
cerningtheAfflJI/i'j:  Wherein  the  Promifes  concern- 
ing Him  to  be  a  Spiritual  Redeemer  of  Mani<ind,  arc  ex- 
plained and  Vindicated,  &c.  With  an  Expofition  of,and 
Difcourfes  on  the  twofirft  Chapters  of  the  faidEpiflletO 
the  Hebr(wi-    By  John  Owen,  D,  D.  in  Folk. 

Exercitations  on  the  Epirtlc  to  i\\c  Hebrews,  concern- 
ing (he  Prlcflhood  of  Chrirt  ;  wherein  the  Original  Cau- 
fes,  Nature,  Prefigurations,  and  Difcharge  of  that  Holy 
Office  arc  Explained  and  Vindicated.  The  Nature  of  the 
Covenant  of  the  Redeemer,  with  the  Call  of  the  Lord 
Chrift  unto  his  Office,  are  declared  -,  And  the  Opinions 
ofthe5n/nMnj  about  it  arc  (ully  Examined,  and  their 
Oppofitionsuntoit,  refuted.  With  a  Continuation  of 
the  Enpofition  on  the  third,  fourth,  and  fifth  Chapters 
of  the  faid  Lpiflle  tothc  fiebrews,  being  the  Second  Vo- 
lumn.     B\  JohnOrven^D.V.  in  Folio.     ■ 

nNETMATOAOriA:Or,A  Difcourfe  concern- 
ing the  Holy  Spirit.  Wherein  an  Account  is  pivcn  of  his 
Name,  Nature,  Perfonality,  Difpcnfation,  Operations, 
and  Effefts.  His  whole  Work  in  the  Old  and  New  Crea- 
tion is  tJ(pIaincd  ;  the  Doftrine  concerning  it  vindicate 
from  Oppofitions  and  Reproaches.  The  Nature  alfo,  and 
NeccfTiiy  of  Gofpel-Holincfsi  the  difference  between 
Grace  and  Morality  ,or  a  Spiritual  Life  nnto  Gcd  in  Evan- 
gelical Obedience,  andacouife  of  Moral  Vertues,  afc 
flatcd  and  declared,  hy  John  Owen,  D.  D.  in  Folio. 

A  Pradical  Expofition  on  the  130  PfJm  :  whcrem  the 
Natureof  the  Forgivcnefsof  Sin  is  declared  %  the  Troth 
and  Reality  of  it  averted  ;  and  the  Cafe  of  a  Souldiflrcf- 
fcd  with  theGuiltof  Sin,  and  relievidby  a  Difcorery 
of  ForgivenefswhhGodjisat  largedifcourfed  Ly  John 
Cwrn,  D.  D.  in  Sjfor'O'  ^ 

Books  printed.,  and  fold  by '^.  Ponder. 

A  Praflical  Difcouffe  of  Gods  Sovereignty,  with  othcf 
Material  points  deriving  tlience. 

Lindens  Lnmm^iinns  ;  or,  a  fober,  ferious  Difcourfe 
concerning  tTic  late  Fiery  Difpcnfation.  By  Mr.  Thomat 
Brooks,  late  Preacher  of  the  WordatSt.;)/^r^ar«i  New- 
FiM't;t,  Lindm.  in  Quarto. 

Liberty  of  Confcience  upon  its  true  and  proper 
■grounds  afTerted  and  vindicated, 25ri"-  Towliich  is  added 
the  Second  Pare,  vik.-  Liberty  of  Confcience  the  Magi- 
flra'eslnterert.  Ey  a  rtoif/,  a  Lover  of  Truth,  and 
thcPtarcandProfperity  of  the  Nation;  in^jH^rfo.  The 
Stcond  Edition. 

A  Difcourfe  of  the  Nature,  Power,  Deceit,  and  Preva- 
lencyof  the  Rcmaindersof  IndtveWn^-Siit  in  Believers. 
Together  with  the  ways  of  its  working,  and  means  of 
prevention.  By  John  Oveen,  D.  D.  in  Oilavo. 

Truth  andlnnicency  vindicated:  In  a  Survey  of  a  Dif- 
courfe concerning  £cc/f/i,i/?/c/./Pi)//t;,andthe  Authority 
of  the  Civil  Macilha-e  over  the  Confciences  of  Subjcfts 
in  matters  of  Rclit;ion.  By  John  OwtT,  D.  U.  in  O^avo. 

Excrcirations  concerning  the  Njir,c,0,-ginal,  Nature, 
life,  and  Continuance  of  a  5. 'f'c^  0.7'^  ^^/^  i  wherein 
the  Original  of  the  5.iWjfAfro.i-  rhe  foundation  of  the 
World,  the  Morality  of  the  fourth  Commandment,  with 
the  ciungc  of  the  Sabbath-Day,  are  enquired  into  :  To- 
gether wih  an  Afcrtion  of  the  Divine  Infliiutionof  the 
Lords  Day.  V.y  John  Owen,  D.H.  mOHavo.  Thi  Se- 
cord  [iipcjjion. 

r.vjngelical  Love,  Cliurch-Peace  and  Unity.  By7«« 
Oiri-n,  D.  D.  .  . 

The  Unreafonablencfsof  Athsifm  made  manifcft  •,  in 
a  Difcourfe  to  a  Pcrfon  of  Honour. By  Sir  CbitrUs  Wolfeley, 
Earonc.?  Th't)dlmprc(ftin. 

The  Rcafonablcncfs  of  Scrlpture-Bdief.  A  Difcourfe 
giving  fomc  Account  of  thofc  Rational  Grounds  upon 
which  ihe  Bible  is  received  as  the  Word  of  God.  Written 
by  Sir  Charles  Wolfclcj,  Baronet. 

JlieRebearfalTranfprits'd,  or  Animadvcrfionjupona 
late  Eook.intitulcdj  A  Preface,  (hewing  what  grounds 


Booki  minted,  and  fold  by  Yi.?ondcr.  ' 

there  are  of  fears  and  iealoufics  of  \'opi:Ty.Thcfirfi  PafU  1 

By  Andrew  Marvel,  Elq.  ^ 

77;eKffef<ir/'fl/rr<in/"pr(,jV-,  the  fccond  Part.     Occafi-  ; 

oned  by  two  Letters :  the  hrH  Pfintcd  by  a  namclels  Au- 
thor, intituled,  yt  Rerr!i''j,  &c.  the  iccond,  A  Letter  left 
at  a  Friends  Houfe,  dated  A-jv.  3.  i^TS-  fubicribcd /. C^ 
and  concluding  with  thcf'j  words,  if  thou  darea  to  Print 
gr  Puhlijh  a,.,  Lie  cr  LiLcl  aiainll  Dr  Parker,  by  '''^  ^J"- 
nal  Ood  I  will  cut  thy  Throat.      Anfwered  \)^|  Andrew^  , 

M.irveL  r,      ,  , 

T'mpolis.otiheCnyof  God,  Nerc  Jerufjem-,  inop- 
pofition  to  the  City  of  the  Nations,  Great  Ballon.  By 
J/enryD'rtnvers,i\^On.Jvo.  ..      ^  i-> 

A  Guide  for  the  1',  aflical  Gaugcr ;  with  a  Compendi- 
um of  Decimal  Arithmetick.  Shewing  hrrerty  the  whole 
Art  of  Gauging  of  Brewers  Tims,  Coppers,  Backs,  &c. 
Alfo  tlie  Madi  or  Oyl-Ca<k  ;  and  Sybram  //.rr^  his  Ta- 
ble of  Area's  of  Segments  of  a  Circle;  the  Menfuration 
of  all  manner  of  Superficies.  By  William  Hunt,  Student 
in  the  Maihematicks,  in  Oilavo. 

r-.iyQ  n^D  r-in2Q       ...    _ 
.......         1 K ,'  ■  ■ 

Hoc  cd  Domus  Mofaicce  Clavis :  five  Lcgis 
Authorc  Jofepbo  Cooper  Anglo,  in  OUavo. 

A  Vindication  of  fome  l^'aFsge*  m»  Di fcourfe  concern- 
ineCommunion  with  God,  fronuhcjxceptions  of  Wv/- 
Ham  Sherlock ,  Rcftor  of  St.  George  Buttolph-Lane.  By 
JohnOrven.D.D.  in  Oilavo. 

A  Brief  Inflruftion  in  the  Worfi.ip  of  God  and  Di-        ■ 
fciplineof  the  Churches  of  the  NewTcnament,  by  way 
of  Ouedionand  Anfwer,  with  an  Explication  and  Con- 
firmation of  thofe  Anfwers.    By  Job.  Owen,  D.  D. 

^nf/.5oU<'.y'ffSlierIocifmusEnervatus  :  JnVindicaj- 
thn  ofromeU'reat  Truth sOppofed,  and  Oppofltton  io  Jome 
Great  Errors  Ma'mahedb;  Mr.  William  Sherlock. 

BookjfrtHted,  a^dfcldby'^.  Ponder. 

A  Brief  Dcdararion  and  Vindication  of  the  Doftrinc 
of  the  Trinity.  By /ofcn  Own,  D.  D.  in  12. 

Eben-EK.tT :  Or,  a  Small  Monument  of  Great  Mercy , 
Appearing  in  the  Miraculous  Deliverance  of  WillUm 
Oktlej^WiUiam  Adams,  John  Anthony,  fohnjephi,  John  — 
Carpenter,  From  the  Mifcrable  Slavery  of  .^/^/ifr,  with 
the  wonderful  Means  of  their  Efcape  in  a  Boat  ojCanvm; 
the  great  Diftrefs,  and  utmoft  Extremities  which  they 
endured  at  Sea  for  SiK  Days,  and  Nights-,  their  fafe  Ar- 
rival at  Majork.1  With  feveral  Matters  of  Remarque  du- 
ring their  long  Captivity,  and  the  following  Providences 
oi  God  which  brought  them  fafe  to  England.  By  WillUrn 

F      fiHis. 

0  191 




g-L—     -,_• 




14  DAY  nsp 


I  r%lZ  "^ BORROWED 



General  Librarj- 

m     v^^)wwa